Topic: Warm Springs

Warm Springs Indian Tribe Photo Descriptions

The Warm Springs Indians, so named from their location about the thermal springs in Northern Oregon, are related to the Walla Walla, and number 187, on a reservation of some 725 square miles, on which are also some 300 Wasco and Tenino. The combined tribes cultivate about 800 acres of the land. They are very well off in live stock and derive some of their income by lumbering. All wear citizen’s dress, many have good comfortable houses, and support two schools, with an attendance of about 50 scholars. They assisted in the operations against the Modoc in 1872, raising a company of scouts for that purpose, who rendered good service. List of illustrations. 1058. Cappolas. A Boney Man. Took a prominent part in the Modoc war, and distinguished himself by the capture of Captain Jack in the lava-beds. Height, 5.5½; circumference of head, 22¾. 1061. Shaka. Little Beaver. A sergeant in the company that captured Captain Jack. Height, 5.8; circumference of head, 22 5/8. 1056. Ske-Metze. Chopped up. Familiarly known as “Billy.” Height, 5.4½; circumference of head, 22 7/8. 1054. Ke-Hey-A-Kin. Crooked Stick. Height, 5.6½; circumference of head, 21¾. 1063. Histo. Clam Fish. Height, 5.7,  circumference of head, 22 7/8. 1059. Wey-A-Tat-Han. Owl. The married man of the party, his wife accompanying him on his travels. Was wounded in the lava-beds, and with five others were the scouts who...

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Warm Springs Reservation

The Warm Springs Indians came from near The Dalles, Oregon, in 1858-1859; the Wascos, from The Dalles, or near it, in 1858-1859; the Teninos, from near The Dalles in 1858-1859; the John Days, about 30 years ago, from or near John Days River, 40 miles east; of The Dalles. The Piutes (Pah Utes) were formerly located on the Malheur reservation, Oregon, but after the Bannock War of 1878-1879 they were taken to Port Vancouver or the Simcoe agency, Yakama reservation, most part to the latter place; those front Vancouver came here in the fall of 1879; those front Yakama came here mostly in 1884-1885. The section of country embraced by the Warm Springs reservation, and southeast of it toward Harney Lake and the Malheur country, and even beyond, was once claimed by the people to whom the Piutes (or Snakes) belong. After the Bannock war the Malheur reservation was abandoned and. the Piutes were scattered. The Warm Springs, Wasco, Tenino, and John Day tribes have resided along the Columbia, River below, at, or above The Dalles, from time immemorial. They were parties to the treaty of June 25, 1855, and were named “The Confederated Tribes and Bands in Middle Oregon”. In the early days of this reservation there were several bands of what are now called Warm Springs Indians, as “The Tyghs”, “The Deschutes”, taking their names from the...

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