Topic: Sioux

The Western Wilderness

Of the great Siouan family of tribes found along the upper reaches of the Mississippi when the curtain of history lifted, those to whom we give the name of Sioux were by far the most numerous and the most powerful. Dakota, or “allies,” they called themselves; and their own name has been preserved in the two states in which the greater portion of these people now live. But the name by which we call them is a reminder of their age-long feud with the Chippewa or Ojibwa, north and east of them. Through the Canadian-French the Chippewa word has come to us as Nadowessioux, a diminutive of the word meaning “snakes,” or, figuratively, “enemies.” Enemies the two nations were, through all the years of which we have either record or tradition. The Chippewa folk-story tells of finding the Sioux first where the three Great Lakes meet at Sault Ste. Marie. But the pressure of their constant warfare drove the bands westward before the white man penetrated to this far inland country. In the Jesuit Relations for 1640 we have our first authentic account of the Nadowessioux, and at that time they were eighteen days’ journey farther to the west. They were no less brave and no less powerful than the Chippewa, but the latter were nearer they received from the white man enabled them to drive their enemies before...

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The Sioux Indian Ghost Dance

The manifestations of a new religious idea always have about them something of the mysterious. We who have noted the sudden waves of religious fervor which spread over our own race only to subside as quickly as they come, need not wonder at the rapid growth of the Messiah craze of 1890 among the Sioux Indians. After their five lean years in the Canadian forests, Sitting Bull and his people chose surrender to starvation, and returned to the United States where rations awaited them. Held as prisoners of war for a year and a half at Fort Randall, Dakota, they were in May, 1883, released from the jurisdiction of the army and sent to the Standing Rock agency. Here they found many of their former fellows in hostility, together with a large body of Sioux who had remained friendly throughout the agitations of the Seventies. Chief Gall was here, settling down to the life and state of a farmer, and many a late hostile was learning to “walk the white man’s road.” This was little to the taste of Sitting Bull, for down in his unreconciled heart be carried a burden of grievances. He was astute enough, however, to give apparent acquiescence to the new scheme of things and bide his time. The Messianic movement, arising among a people “who lived beyond the Yellow Faces to the west of...

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Sioux Indian Photos

The following photographs are of Brulé Sioux, Blackfoot Sioux, Unc-Pa-Pa Sioux, Yanktonai Sioux, Cut Head Sioux, and two chiefs, Sitting Bull and Hole in the Day.   Afraid of the BearMa-To-Ko-KepaCut Head Sioux Black BullTa-Tan-Kah-Sa-PahBrulé Sioux Bulls GhostTah-Tun-Ka-We-Nah-HiYanktonai Sioux Grass Pah-ZheBlackfoot Sioux Hole in the DaySioux Chief Iron HornHeh-Mah-ZahUnc-Pa-Pa Sioux Iron Scare Mah-Zah-Wah-Nah-Pa-AhBlackfoot Sioux Mad BearMa-To-Weet-KoYanktonai Sioux Man Packs the EagleWhoe-A-KeCut Head Sioux Medicine BearMa-To-IcanCut Head Sioux No FleshTsho-Ne-Tshaah-Bua-Ni-TzahBrulé Sioux Running AntelopeTan-To-Ha-Eah-KaUnc-Pa-Pa Sioux Sitting BullSioux Chief Sitting CrowKah-Re-Eo-Tah-KeBlackfoot Sioux Spotted TailBrulé Sioux Wife of Spotted TailBrulé Sioux Thunder HawkChe-Tah-Wah-Ke-AhUnc-Pa-Pa Sioux Two BearMa-To-No-PahYanktonai Sioux Two StrikesNum-Ka-ChpahBrulé Sioux White EyesIsh-Tah-SkahBrulé Sioux...

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1889 Mdewakanton Sioux Indian Census

1889 Mdewakanton Sioux Census, of Sioux living in Minnesota. Compiled by Robert B. Henton Special Indian Agent. No information was given as to where exactly they lived. Authority Letter Authority Letter 2 Page 1 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 2 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 3 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 4 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 5 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 6 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 7 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 8 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 9 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 10 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page 11 of 1889 Mdewakanton Census Page...

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The Sioux, or Dacotah

An accurate classification of the American Indians, either founded upon dissimilarities in the language of different tribes, or upon differences in physical peculiarities, is impossible, particularly in treating of the scattered and wandering people of the far west. The races vary by such slight shades of distinction, and such analogies exist between their languages, that even where the distinction is perfectly evident in the nation at large, the line of demarcation can with difficulty be drawn. In other instances, the same nation, when divided into separate clans, inhabiting districts of dissimilar nature, and resorting to different modes of life,...

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The Sioux Massacre, Minnesota

The Sioux massacre of the whites in Minnesota in August, 1862, is one of the bloodiest that has ever occurred in the history of the Indian races in North America. In the earlier periods of the country, the frontier settlements were constantly exposed to. Indian depredations, and their destruction at any time seemed probable from their comparative feebleness and remoteness from succor; but that the savage tribes should rise against the whites almost within sight of our populous cities, our railroads and steamboats, was not dreamed of by any one. The Sioux massacre, had it occurred in a time...

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Sioux Indian Research

Siouan Family. The most populous linguistic family North of Mexico, next to the Algonquian. The name is taken from a ‘term applied to the largest and best known tribal group or confederacy belonging to the family, the Sioux or Dakota, which, in turn, is an abbreviation of Nadowessioux, a French corruption of Nadowe-is-iw, the appellation given them by the Chippewa. It signifies ‘snake,’ ‘adder,’ and, by metaphor, ‘enemy.’ Sioux Indian Biographies Red Cloud Sitting Bull Esiitahumleah, Teton Chief Waapashaw, Sioux Chief Wanata, Grand Chief of the Sioux Little Crow, Sioux Chief Tokakon, Sioux Brave Monkaushka, Sioux Chief Bureau of Indian Affairs  A Guide to Tracing your Indian Ancestry(PDF) Tribal Leaders Directory Recognized Indian Entities, 10/2010 Update (PDF) Cemeteries Native American (Indian) Cemeteries 112 Years later, Sioux Indian is Freed Rosebud Sioux Tribe Veterans Cemetery Milk’s Camp Cemeteries (hosted at Rosebud Rez) Census Free US Indian Census Rolls 1885-1940 US Indian Census Schedules 1885-1940 (Ancestry) 1889 Mdewakanton Sioux Census 1910 Sioux Census – New Jersey Indians in the 11th (1890) Census of the United States Indian Census Records Federal Recognized Tribes Minnesota Sioux Tribes Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Tribes, 39527 Res. Highway 1 or P.O. Box 308, Morton, MN 56270 – History Prairie Island Indian Community, 5636 Sturgeon Lake Road, Welch, Minnesota 55089 – Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux, 2330 Sioux Trail N.W., Prior Lake, MN 55372 – About Us Upper Sioux, P.O....

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Oye-Kar-Mani-Vim, The Track Maker

It was in the summer of 183-, that a large party of Chippeways visited Fort Snelling. There was peace between them and the Sioux. Their time was passed in feasting and carousing; their canoes together flew over the waters of the Mississippi. The young Sioux warriors found strange beauty in the oval faces of the Chippeway girls; and the Chippeways discovered (what was actually the case) that the women of the Dahcotahs were far more graceful than those of their own nation. But as the time of the departure of the Chippeways approached, many a Chippeway maiden wept when she remembered how soon she would bid adieu to all her hopes of happiness. And Flying Shadow was saddest of them all. She would gladly have given up everything for her lover. What were home and friends to her who loved with all the devotion of a heart untrammeled by forms, fresh from the hand of nature? She listened to his flute in the still evening, as if her spirit would forsake her when she heard it no more. She would sit with him on the bluff which hung over the Mississippi, and envy the very waters which would remain near him, when she was far away. But her lover loved his nation even more than he did her; and though he would have died to have saved her from...

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Tah-We-Chu-Kin, The Wife

In February, 1837, a party of Dahcotahs (Warpetonian) fell in with Hole-in-the-Day, and his band. When Chippeways and Dahcotahs meet there is generally bloodshed; and, however highly Hole-in-the-Day may be esteemed as a warrior, it is certain that he showed great treachery towards the Dahcotahs on many occasions. Now they met for peaceable purposes. Hole-in-the-Day wished permission to hunt on the Dahcotah lands without danger from the tomahawk of his enemies. He proposed to pay them certain articles, which he should receive from the United States Government when he drew his annuities, as a return for the privilege he demanded. The Dahcotahs and Chippeways were seated together. They had smoked the pipe of peace. The snow had drifted, and lay piled in masses behind them, contrasting its whiteness with their dark countenances and their gay ornaments and clothing. For some years there had been peace between these two tribes; hating each other, as they did, they had managed to live without shedding each other’s blood. Hole-in-the-Day was the master spirit among the Chippeways. He was the greatest hunter and warrior in the nation; he had won the admiration of his people, and they had made him chief. His word was law to them; he stood firmly on the height to which he had elevated himself. He laid aside his pipe and arose. His iron frame seemed not to feel...

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Wenona, The Virgin’s Feast

Never did the sun shine brighter than on a cold day in December, when the Indians at “Little Crow’s” village were preparing to go on a deer hunt. The Mississippi was frozen, and the girls of the village had the day before enjoyed one of their favorite amusements a ball-play on the ice. Those who owned the bright cloths and calicoes which were hung up before their eyes, as an incentive to win the game, were still rejoicing over their treasures; while the disappointed ones were looking sullen, and muttering of partiality being shown to this one because she was beautiful, and to that, because she was the sister of the chief. “Look at my head!” said Harpstenah; “Wenona knew that I was the swiftest runner in the band, and as I stooped to catch the ball she struck me a blow that stunned me, so that I could not run again.” But the head was so ugly, and the face too, that there was no pity felt for her; those dirty, wrinkled features bore witness to her contempt for the cleansing qualities of water. Her uncombed hair was hanging in masses about her ears and face, and her countenance expressed cruelty and passion. But Harpstenah had nothing to avenge; when she was young she was passed by, as there was nothing in her face or disposition that could...

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