Topic: Salishan Family

Cowlitz Tribe

Cowlitz Indians. A Salish tribe formerly on the river of the same name in south west Washington. Once numerous and powerful, they were said by Gibbs in 1853 to be insignificant, numbering with the Upper Chehalis, with whom they,...

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Chehalis Tribe

Chehalis Indians. Chehalis actually refers to two distinct peoples. One group of tribes residing on the Chehalis River in Washington, another tribe, a sub-tribe of the Cowichan First Nation residing along the Harrison River in British Columbia. We provide both below.

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Puntlatsh Tribe

Puntlatsh Indians. A Salish tribe on Baynes sound and Puntlash river, east coast of Vancouver Island.  In 1893 they numbered 45; in 1896, the last time their name appears in the Canadian Reports on Indian Affairs, the...

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Kwaiailk Tribe

Kwaiailk Indians. A body of Salish on the upper course of Chehalis river, above the Satsop and on the Cowlitz, Washington. In 1855, according to Gibbs, they numbered 216, but were becoming amalgamated with the Cowlitz.

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Colville Tribe

Colville Indians. A division of Salish between Kettle falls and Spokane River, east Washington; said by Gibbs to have been one of the largest of the Salish tribes.  Lewis and Clark estimated their number at 2,500, in 130 houses,...

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Methow Tribe

Methow Indians. A Salishan tribe of eastern Washington, formerly living about Methow river and Chelan lake, now chiefly gathered on the Colville reservation.  Their number is not officially reported.

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Lummi Tribe

Lummi Indians. A Salish tribe on an inland from Bellingham Bay, north west Washington.  They are said to have lived formerly on part of a group of islands east of Vancouver Island, to which they still occasionally resorted in...

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Wenatchee Tribe

Wenatchee Indians (Yakima; winätshi, ‘river issuing from a canyon,’ referring to Wenatchee river). A Salish division, probably a band of the Pisquows, formerly on Wenatchee river, a tributary of the Columbia in...

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Tulalip Tribe

Tulalip Indians. One of three divisions of the Twana, a Salish tribe on the west side of Hood canal, Washington.  This branch according to Eells, lives on a small stream, near the head of the canal, called Dulaylip.  The name...

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Twana Tribe

Twana Indians. A Salish division living along both sides of Hoods canal, west Washington.  The name is said to signify ‘a portage,’ the portage referred to being that between the head of Hoods canal and the...

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Tillamook Tribe

Tillamook Indians (Chinook; ‘people of Nekelim,’ or Nehalem.  Boas). A large and prominent Salish tribe on Tillamook Bay and the rivers flowing into in, in north west Oregon.  According to Boas the culture of the...

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Swallah Tribe

Swallah Indians or Swalash Indians. Said to be a band of Salish (perhaps one of the Lummi subdivisions) on Orcas Island of the San Juan group, north west Washington; now on Lummi Reservation.

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Snohomish Tribe

Snohomish Indians. A Salish tribe formerly on the south end of Whidbey Island, Puget Sound and the on the mainland opposite at the the mouth of Snohomish river, Washington. Population 350 in 1850. The remnant is now on Tulalip...

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Skagit Tribe

Skagit Indians. A body of Salish on a river of the same name in Washington, particularly about its mouth, and on the middle portion of Whidbey island, especially at Penn’s cove. According to Gibbs the population of the...

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