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Topic: Salishan Family

Cowlitz Tribe

Cowlitz Indians. A Salish tribe formerly on the river of the same name in south west Washington. Once numerous and powerful, they were said by Gibbs in 1853 to be insignificant, numbering with the Upper Chehalis, with whom they, were mingled, not more than 165. About 1887 there were 127 on Puyallup Reservation, Washington. They are no longer known by this name, being evidently officially classed as...

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Chehalis Tribe

Chehalis Indians. Chehalis actually refers to two distinct peoples. One group of tribes residing on the Chehalis River in Washington, another tribe, a sub-tribe of the Cowichan First Nation residing along the Harrison River in British Columbia. We provide both below.

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Puntlatsh Tribe

Puntlatsh Indians. A Salish tribe on Baynes sound and Puntlash river, east coast of Vancouver Island.  In 1893 they numbered 45; in 1896, the last time their name appears in the Canadian Reports on Indian Affairs, the “Punt-ledge, Sail-up-Sun, and Comox” numbered 69, since which time they have apparently been classed with the Comox.  The Puntlatsh dialect embraces the Puntlatsh, Saamen, and...

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Kwaiailk Tribe

Kwaiailk Indians. A body of Salish on the upper course of Chehalis river, above the Satsop and on the Cowlitz, Washington. In 1855, according to Gibbs, they numbered 216, but were becoming amalgamated with the...

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Colville Tribe

Colville Indians. A division of Salish between Kettle falls and Spokane River, east Washington; said by Gibbs to have been one of the largest of the Salish tribes.  Lewis and Clark estimated their number at 2,500, in 130 houses, in 1806. There were 321 under the Coville agency in...

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Methow Tribe

Methow Indians. A Salishan tribe of eastern Washington, formerly living about Methow river and Chelan lake, now chiefly gathered on the Colville reservation.  Their number is not officially...

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Lummi Tribe

Lummi Indians. A Salish tribe on an inland from Bellingham Bay, north west Washington.  They are said to have lived formerly on part of a group of islands east of Vancouver Island, to which they still occasionally resorted in 1863.  According to Gibbs their language is almost unintelligible to the Nooksak, their northern neighbors.  Boas classes it with the Songish dialect.  The Lummi are now under the jurisdiction of the Tulalip school superintendent, Washington, and numbered 412 in 1905. Their former villages were Hutatchl, Lemaltcha, Statshum, and Tomwhiksen.  The Klalakamish, of orcas Island, were a former...

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Wenatchee Tribe

Wenatchee Indians (Yakima; winätshi, ‘river issuing from a canyon,’ referring to Wenatchee river). A Salish division, probably a band of the Pisquows, formerly on Wenatchee river, a tributary of the Columbia in Washington.  In 1850 there were said to have been 50 on Yakima Reservation, but 66 were enumerated in the Report on Indian Affairs for 1910 as under the Colville agency.  It is uncertain whether these bodies belonged to one original...

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Tulalip Tribe

Tulalip Indians. One of three divisions of the Twana, a Salish tribe on the west side of Hood canal, Washington.  This branch according to Eells, lives on a small stream, near the head of the canal, called Dulaylip.  The name has also been given to a reservation on the west side of Puget...

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Twana Tribe

Twana Indians. A Salish division living along both sides of Hoods canal, west Washington.  The name is said to signify ‘a portage,’ the portage referred to being that between the head of Hoods canal and the headwaters of Puget Sound.  According to Eells there are three bands, the Colcine, Skokomish and Tulalip.  From the name of one of the bands all of them are sometimes called Skokomish.  Population, about 265 in 1853. They are probably the Skokomish of the Indian Office reports, numbering 203 in...

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Tillamook Tribe

Tillamook Indians (Chinook; ‘people of Nekelim,’ or Nehalem.  Boas). A large and prominent Salish tribe on Tillamook Bay and the rivers flowing into in, in north west Oregon.  According to Boas the culture of the Tillamook seems to have differed considerably form that of the north coast Salish, and has evidently been influenced by the culture of the tribes of North California.  According to Lewis and Clark they occupied 8 villages of which these explorers name 5; Chishuck, Chucktin, Kilerhurst, Kilherner and Towerquotton.  The same authorities place the Tillamook population at 2,200. In the reports of the Wilkes Exploring Expedition (1845) their number is given as 400, and by Lane in 1849 as...

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Swallah Tribe

Swallah Indians or Swalash Indians. Said to be a band of Salish (perhaps one of the Lummi subdivisions) on Orcas Island of the San Juan group, north west Washington; now on Lummi...

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Snohomish Tribe

Snohomish Indians. A Salish tribe formerly on the south end of Whidbey Island, Puget Sound and the on the mainland opposite at the the mouth of Snohomish river, Washington. Population 350 in 1850. The remnant is now on Tulalip Reservation, Washington, mixed with other broken...

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Skagit Tribe

Skagit Indians. A body of Salish on a river of the same name in Washington, particularly about its mouth, and on the middle portion of Whidbey island, especially at Penn’s cove. According to Gibbs the population of the Skagit proper in 1853 was about 300. They are now on Swinomish Reservation, Washington. Gibbs makes this division include the Kikiallu, Nukwatsamish, Towahha, Smalihu, Sakumehu,  Miskaiwhu, Miseekwigweelis, Swinamish, and Skwomamish; but probably nothing more is meant by this classification than that the dialects of the several divisions were nearly related and the geographical position close. Nothing like political union appears to have existed among...

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