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Topic: Nez Perce

Northwestern Fights and Fighters

The Epic of the Nez Percé: Refusing life on a government-selected reservation, Chief Joseph, Chief Looking Glass, Chief White Bird, Chief Ollokot, Chief Lean Elk, and others led nearly 750 Nez Perce men, women, and children and twice that many horses over 1,170 miles through Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana mountains, on a trip that lasted from June to October of 1877, until checked by Miles just short of the Canadian border at Bear Paw Mountain (1877). This manuscript depicts their story.

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Nez Percé Indians

Discover your family's story. Enter a grandparent's name to get started. Start Now Nez Percé Indians. A French appellation signifying “pierced noses.” Also called: Â’dal-k’ato’igo, Kiowa name, signifying “people with hair cut across the forehead.” Anípörspi, Calapooya name. A-pa-o-pa, Atsina name (Long, 1823). A-pū-pe’, Crow name, signifying “to paddle,” “paddles.” Blue Muds, name applied by traders. Chopunnish, Lewis and Clark. Green Wood Indians, Henry-Thompson Journal. I’-na-cpĕ, Quapaw name. Kamŭ’inu, own name. Ko-mun’-i-tup’-i-o, Siksika name. Mikadeshitchísi, Kiowa Apache name. Nimipu, own name, signifying “the people.” Pa ka’-san-tse, Osage name, signifying “plaited hair over the forehead.” Pe ga’-zan-de, Kansa name. Pierced Noses, English translation of name. Po’-ge-hdo-ke, Dakota name. Sa-áptin, Okanagon name. Shi’wanǐsh, Tenino name for this tribe and the Cayuse, signifying “strangers from up the river.” Tchaχsúkush, Caddo name. Thoig’a-rik-kah, Shoshoni name, signifying “louse eaters(?).” Tsuhárukats, Pawnee name. Tsútpeli, own name. Nez Percé Connections. The Nez Percé Indians were the best known tribe of the Shahaptian division of the Shapwailutan linguistic stock, to which they gave the name commonly applied to them by Salish tribes. Nez Percé Location. The Nez Perce occupied a large part of central Idaho, and sections of southeastern Washington and northeastern Oregon. (See also Montana and Oklahoma.) Nez Percé Subdivisions The following bands are given by Spinden (1908): Alpowē’ma, on Alpaha (Alpowa) Creek. Atskaaiwawixpu, at the mouth of the northern fork of Clearwater River. Esnime, Slate...

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Nez Percé and Shoshone Indian Lands in Idaho

Discover your family's story. Enter a grandparent's name to get started. Start Now The Native Races of Idaho were divided by the Salmon River Range of mountains, the Nez Percé being the representative nation of the northern division, and the Shoshones of the southern. The condition and character of the former were relatively higher than those of the latter. 1See Native Races, passim; Hist, Or., passim, this series. During the five years’ war from 1863 to 1868, the history of which I have given, the Nez Percé remained quiescent, taking no part in the hostilities, although they were not without their grievances, which might have tempted other savages to revolt. The troubles to which I here refer began in 1855, with the treaties made with them and the other tribes of eastern Oregon and Washington by Palmer and Stevens, superintendents respectively of the Indians of those territories. At this council there were two parties among the Nez Percé, one for and one against a treaty – a peace and a war party – but in the end all signed the treaty, and observed it, notwithstanding the strong influences brought to bear upon them by the surrounding tribes, who went to war after agreeing to its terms. They were conquered, and the country opened for settlement. It was at this period, when the discovery of gold on the reservation of the Nez...

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Biography of Mrs. Eliza Warren

Discover your family's story. Enter a grandparent's name to get started. Start Now MRS. ELIZA WARREN. – All will feel the deepest interest in this intelligent and refined woman, seeing that she is the daughter of the missionary, Reverend H.H. Spalding. She is the “Eliza” whose name has become familiar in the many narratives touching upon the history of Oregon. Not only in her historical but in her own personal character, she well deserves the consideration of her friends, whose number is that of all Oregonians. Her father’s consecration and her mother’s life of the utmost devotion reappear in her own, although not now projected upon the black background of tragedy as was theirs. She was born at the Indian station at Lapwai, among the Nez Perces, and was brought up principally in the schoolroom with her mother, until, at the age of nine, it was deemed better to take her to Whitman’s school at Waiilatpu, where she might have the companionship of more children of her own race. Her first trip thither was under the escort of an Indian woman, her father being unable to leave his post at the time. In 1847, after a visit home in the summer, she was taken by her father to Whitman’s. That was but a short time before the massacre of November 30th, a full account of which is given in...

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