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Topic: Letters

Papers of William Henry Lyttelton 1756-1760

Letterbooks of William Henry Lyttleton 1756-1760: This collection contains papers relating to William Henry Lyttelton’s career as governor of South Carolina, including letters from officials in London; correspondence with other southern governors relating to Indian affairs, frontier defense, and boundaries; correspondence with military officers in America; and communications with the South Carolina Commons House and Council. A series of reports by Edmond Atkin, superintendent of Indian affairs in the Southern District, provides valuable information on the Cherokees, Creeks, and Chickasaws. There are 142 items, 1761-1766, concerning Lyttelton’s governorship of Jamaica, including material on the Negro insurrection of 1765 in St. Mary’s Parish.

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Retribution for Previous Losses

Headquarters Expedition against Northern Indians, Camp on the Spokane River, W. T., 16 miles above the ‘Falls’ September 9, 1858. Sir: I remained during the 6th at my camp, three miles below the falls, as my troops required rest after the long march and battle of the previous day. No hostile demonstrations were made by the enemy during the day; they approached the opposite bank of the river in very small parties and intimated a desire to talk, but no direct communication was held with them, as the distance was too great and the river deep and rapid. Early on the morning of the 7th I advanced along the left bank of the Spokane, and soon the Indians were seen on the opposite side, and a talk began with our friendly Nez Perces and interpreters. They said that they wanted to come and see me with the chief Garey, who was nearby. I told them to meet me at the ford, two miles above the falls. I halted at the ford and encamped; soon after Garry crossed over and came to me; he said that he had always been opposed to fighting, but that the young men and many of the chiefs were against him, and he could not control them. I then told him to go back and say to all Indians and chiefs, ‘I have met you...

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Preliminaries Before the Battle at Tohotonimme

The events of Colonel Wright’s expedition against the Indians who opposed the advance of Colonel Steptoe are set forth in detail and at length in his own reports and letters. These appear in full in the following pages with the interjection of such information from other sources as the author deems expedient for the purpose of rendering the narrative complete. Preceding the reports of the expedition is also the pertinent correspondence leading up thereto. Because of the exactness and completeness of detail which characterize these reports, written from the field, as they were, during the progress of the campaign, their value as historical matter could hardly be improved upon; therefore no apology is offered for their appearance in this volume. In order to be in closer touch with operations which were decided to be necessary for the subjugation of the northern Indians, General Clarke, after receiving full intelligence of Colonel Steptoe’s defeat, proceeded to Vancouver, Washington Territory. In the meantime it had come to his knowledge that the Hudson Bay Company’s pack train at Colville, consisting of some two hundred horses, was about to start for Fort Hope to bring in the year’s supplies, and that it was intended to bring also about two thousand pounds of powder with a proportionate quantity of ball. It had previously been the custom of the company’s agent at Fort Colville to barter...

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Colonel Steptoe’s Report

On the day succeeding the return to Walla Walla, Colonel Steptoe dispatched the fol lowing report of the expedition to head quarters of the Department of the Pacific at San Francisco: “Fort Walla Walla, May 23, 1858. Major: On the 2nd instant I informed you of my intention to move northward with a part of my command. Accordingly, on the 6th I left here with C, E, and H, First dragoons, and E, Ninth infantry; in all, five company officers and one hundred and fifty-two enlisted men. Hearing that the hostile Pelouse were near Al-pon-on-we, in the Nez Perces...

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Indian Grievances and Camp Stevens Treaty

Long before the Indian buried his tomahawk and ceased to make war upon the white man, the government adopted the policy of inquiring into the causes of his grievances and in cases where such grievances could be conciliated without jeopardizing the interests of the government or of bonafide citizens, that step was usually attempted. In the investigation of these matters it was found that in some instances the difficulty grew out of some act of the government itself, interpreted by the Indians to be detrimental to their interests; in some, from the wanton encroachment of irresponsible citizens; and yet...

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1758, February 20, Letter to His Excellency

Sir Your Dispatches of the 18th and 30th tell I received the 18th Just –f. James Holmes, The lak Affair of Sam Binn is Intirely forgot, and the Indians all satisfy’d, As to the Tellico People Jean Denture to Afsure you Excellency that they are Entirely Reformed, and behave Ex treamly well, and (Thank God) we at present live in Great Harmony, and Friendship with all the Nation. On the 15th selt arrived at this Fort the Little Carpenter, and the Great Warriour of Chotta, with their Party, they brought with them, two French men, and the Twighvee Indian woman Prisoner, Six Frenchmen, and Six Twighvee Indian Scalps, I received them with all the Marks of Honour and Friendship, I cou’d; by Saluting them with all the Fort Guns, and Having the Garrifson under arms, and provided some __ituals to Repreth them, The Young follower of the Gang Encampt Just by the fort, and the head men stay’d with me all Night in the Fort. I cou’d have wish’d to Rewarded them Accordingly to their Merritt, but as your Excellency must be Sensible of the Quantity of Indian Presents; now in the Fort, it is Uselfs to Acquaint you, that it was not in my Power, but as I obliged to make the best of the little I had; I presented them with only the few following Articles, As...

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1758, November 27, Fort Loudoun

Sir this is to acquaint, your Excellency that the 25 jnstant two Runners came to latt me know that the great Warriour and judge Friend, (who had been to war Some time ago towards the French Fort) were at a Day’s Journey from the Fort; Accordingly yesterday, judge Friend with his Gang Came, and told me that the great Warrior and him, with the rest would wait on me, which they did, j recived them with the Honour that they expect on Such Occasion, j gave them an Entertainment, and the two warriors dined with me, they brought three Scalps, and by what they found in the Enemy’s Camp, they were Tweecktwees, and are the Same that killed our Hunters and the White Man about 31 Days 40 miles from us. Great Warrior told me that they had been great way up la belle Riveire, that they found the Tracks of great many Men, that had been Scouting the Bateaux that went to Du Quine, but could never find an Opportunity to Signalize themselves till they came to the French hunting Ground; where they discovered frech Tracks they followed them, and a Dog that they had with them, gave the Enemy the Alarm, on which they Run, and they firing on them, they killed three, and wounded another on the Arm, who made his Escape, tho followed very close....

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1759, January 1, Fort Loudoun

Sir J have recived your Excellency’s Dispatche of the 15 December Sic Days before j recived from Lieut. Outerbriege a Copy of Mr. Duvalt’s Letters, and in the Same time, two of your Letters, one Octr. 27th, the other Novr. 18th immediately j sent to Old Hop to acquaint him that j had Letters to Communicate to him the next Day. Accordingly j went, and found him in the Town House, with many jndians. J thanck’d him in your Name for all the goods Talks that he had given from timt to time and hoped he would percerer in his Friendship, and if in case our Enemy Should Ever attempt to come to attack us, that we should all join together to drive them out of the Nation. He then Said they would. J then read to them the Letter that Lieut. Outerbriege had sent. When Old Hop heard it, e Smiled and Said that he could not belive that the French would attempt Such Thing, but if they do you may be sure of our Assistance, lett you stand fast to your Fort said he, and let us alone for the rest. As Soon j have heard Said he, that you was Coming j have called all the Warriors together, they are come you shall hear further from us; j wish with all my Heart, they may be...

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1758, March 2, Fort Loudoun

Sir Your Dispatch I received the 28th ultimate and immediately ordered Willm. Woodwareth to get himSelf ready. I am very Glad that the Earl of Loudoun has granted us Provisions, and would to God, it had be so before I come to this Place, it would have saved me great deal of trouble & uneaSiness. You acquaint me, Sir, that Mr. Stead is to Supply the Fort with ProviSions, I wiSh he may Send Send Some Body as soom as possible to Settle with with my store Keeper, and Send Some Meat Kind, for there is none to be got for Money and the Little that I cam git I must give orders on the Traders at very dear Rate, except two that I gave Certificates I have Corn Enough, and flower Such as it is. If there is no ProviSions granted for Indians, I don’t know what to do, they expect to be entairten’d when they go to war, and when they come back, and Every time they come to give a Talk in the Fort, and on other Meeting. For my Part as long as I stay here, I allways entertain themm, because as I am on the spot I know the Consequence of it and I would not disoblige them, for such Tifles. Here has been lately Belts of Wampon, sent the French, to invite them...

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1757, August 4, Letter to Cherokee Nation

Edmon Pittkins Esq. His Britainioh Majesty King George’s Agent for and Superintendent of the Affairs of his faithfull Allies the Severall Nations of Indians fr_habiting the frontiers of his colonife of Original, North Carolina, and South Carolina, and Georgia and their Confererates To Conicoughly Governour of the whole Nation of Cherokee Indians. Brother, King George the father of all the white people L____ on thir Side the Great Water, hath talen it into Consideration that the Governour’s of his severall Colonies have Enough to do to mind wile the Affairs of the White people; and cannot go to Visit the red people their friends by which means these Affairs have not been so late taken care off they aright to have been, Therefore the King thought it good to Appoint Sir William Johnson to take care of the Afairs his Allies the Six Unitted Nations & there Confederates, And sent me over to take care of and mind Entirely the Affairs of the Severall Nations of Indians his friends, Living Near his People in Virginia, North & South Carolina & Georgia and their Confederates. The King hath Always carried in his Mind and Remember’s well the Treaty of Friendship & Command made with him by his Good Friends and Allies the Cherokee’s in 1730 when maylog sent Deputies over the Great Water to him for that Purpose. We then...

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1757, October 11, Letter #2

Sir On the 13th September arrived at his House Judge Friend very Sick from Virginia, he has brought some Horses Loaded with presents, and a White Man to wait on him, the next Day at his own Request I went to see him, as he Lives but Little Distance from the Fort. he told me he was very glad to see me, and if he had been well, he would have sav’d me the Trouble, but as soon as he should find himself better, he would come to have a talk with me, and would Inquire of the Conduct of Some of the Indiens, Expecially, of the Telliquo People, & that he Loved the English, and was always ready to serve them, he also Said he was going to Chotee to speak to the Indiens in favour of the English, how friendly he had been used by them, and at the same time Deliver them Mr. Alkins Talk, which said Talk I send your Excellency a Copy of, the very same Evening I received from Chotee the Compliments of Old Hopp, Little Capenter, the Great Warrier, and other-headmen, Desireing me to come the Next Day to see their Green Corn Dance, and the Path very Clear; Accordingly I went, and was received by Old Hopp, who Sat by me most all the time, Then they began their sort of...

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1757, October 8, Willanawa’s Talk

Wee the Cherokees have always received good Talks from our Brother the Governor of South Carolina, till this Last, which is Concerning the Spilling of Blood, Wee hope Neverthelefs, that we shall ever for the future, have Contrary Talks, Wee hope our Ears will always be Open, to hear what Our Father King George, and our Brother in Carolina says to us. The Governor of Chotee is present, and hears my Talk, He Loves his People, As his Father King George Order’d him, to Love and Regard all the English & Cherokees, who are Brothers and all his Children, The People of Tellico have Lately been Rogues, The Talks that they dayly receive from the English shall be remember’d, as Long as the Sun shall Shine,. It is true the Savannahs have been hearkened to Lately in our Nation, it is Now past and for the future Our Ears shall be shut to them, And open to Nothing, but what our Friends the English shall tell us. The Tellico People have Lately Talked Good, And promised, not to hearken any more to the Savannahs. And they haope, that when they have confirmed their Talks by Killing some of them, that the Governor will believe them, and think no more of the white Blood that was Spilt in their Town,. This is what we tell you Now and we hope...

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1758, October 15, Fort Loudoun

Sir two Days ago j recived you Excellency’s Letter of the 28th of August, with another for Old Hop. Accordingly yesterday j went to Chotee and delivered it to him he told me, he was very glad to hear from you, and desired me to acquaint your Excellency that you Might depend on him, and that he would do always his best Endeavours, to keep Peace & Harmony between the English, & his People, that he was very Sorry, for what had happened but he could not help it. As Mr. Beamer’s Son was with me, he gave him a String of White Wampum to deliver to the jndians of the lower Towns, and desired him to tell them, that as he had the Promises of all the Upper Towns, to not molest the English, but to be united together, he expected that they would do the Same, and if any Thing happened to them, it Should be their own fault, for said he, the English are our Brothers & friends; he has sent an other String of white Wampum, to the Middle Settlements, with a Strong Talk. He and j lives in very good understanding together, he comes to see me very often, and tells me j am his best friend. J hope you Tecellency has recived the Letter that j sent by Mr. Martin, and you may...

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1758, November 6, Fort Loudoun

Sir J recived your Letter of the 2 of Octr. And Since j had the Honour to write you Excellency last, Every Body has been very Quiet in these Parts. Few Days ago old Hop invited me to go to his Town, accordingly j went; as j was riding throw their Towns j was Sruprised to See all their House Shewt up, and no Man, When j camd to Chotee j asked the old Man what was become of all the Men, for j had seen but three of four, he answered they are all gone hunting but, said he, j am afraid they will Come back Soon, for Said he, last Night a Runner came to me, & said that a Party that went down the River, Beaver Hunting had been Surrounded by the Enemy’s jndians, and four of them had been killed, and a whit Man with them, and two had made their excape, four Days ago said he, an other Party that was going hunting, they agreed in the Morning to be a Certain place at Night, and a Man & his wife went first, the rest followed them, little while after they had not been long, before they found the man and woman killed on the Path, and Scalped, an which they came back, and have alarmed Many Camps, & great many are coming back,...

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1758, July 31, Fort Loudoun

Sir J am Sorry to acquaint your Excellency, with Things that j heard this Morning, which trouble me much, and may ruin me intirely. Elliot brought back again a Certificate which he recived for payments last Winter when they were going to kill the Stears, the Butchers told me they had nothing to put the meat in after is was Salted and would be Spoiled they desired to have large Casks made for the porpas, which j did, Seeing that they could not do without it. The assembly would not accept it, as he Says. When j ordered last fall the Men to the Barracks, there was wanting three Chimnies and as j was building a Guard House, j agreed with a Man to build three Strong Chimneys, & and double one for the Officer’s, and Men Guard Houses, and to plaster the Guard House for $75 and j thought a cheap bargain, j sent that Certificate to Town, and the Committee Would pay but $25 for it, the Builder himself after he had worked a Month or Six Weeks Sent for a Man to assist him, and gave $25 or 30 out of the Pokett. Mr. Coytmore Can inform your Excellency that what j say is Truth, and that j have done nothing, but what was necessary for the Fort, j heard great many more Certiicates are not...

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