Topic: Indian School

1911 Carlisle School Census

In 1911 Carlisle was directed by the Department of the Interior to prepare a census of the Indians under their charge. In all cases where the Indians are living on separate reservations under your jurisdiction you should submit a separate census roll of the Indians of each reservation. The names should be arranged in alphabetical order. (letter Department of the Interior, 1911) Student Population by Tribe Female Students 1911 Carlisle School Census: Females A-B Surnames 1911 Carlisle School Census: Females C-D Surnames 1911 Carlisle School Census: Females E-G Surnames 1911 Carlisle School Census: Females H-J Surnames 1911 Carlisle School...

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Routes to Indian Agencies and Schools

Indian agencies and schools were often found in remote locations. Traversing to them often meant taking a train, and then various stages until you reached the specific agency or school. In 1910 The Office of Indian Affairs published a manuscript for it’s field agents and other interested parties, explaining how to reach each specific agency and school in the country. We provide their report here for our readers. The Schools are listed first by Indian Agency and then school.  Some Agencies will have many schools listed just as Day Schools.  We have tried to keep them in alphabetical order...

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1924 Bloomfield Seminary Student List

In the fall of 1847, John Harpole Carr was appointed him to superintend the construction of buildings known afterward as “Bloomfield Academy,” in the Choctaw Nation. He was afterward appointed superintendent of the school. This establishment of the first missionary boarding school for girls among the Chickasaws. The Board contributed one third and the Nation two thirds of all the money used for the current expenses of the school. There never was any average attendance calculated for we always kept our number filled, whether it was twenty-five, thirty-five, forty-five or sixty. Whenever there was a vacancy through sickness or any other cause for any length of time, another was waiting to step in. The trustees were the superintendent of missions, the Rev. John Harrell on behalf of the Church, and two Chickasaws on behalf of the Nation. Following the firing on Fort Sumpter, the whole South was in arms, and many of the fathers of our girls enlisted. Their first act was to take their daughters home. So, in May of that scholastic year, Bloomfield Academy, as it had been, was no more. (Chronicles of Oklahoma) 1924 Bloomfield Seminary Student List NameTribePost Office Alberson, Agnes Chickasaw Stonewall, Oklahoma Allison, Vadare Chickasaw Stonewall, Oklahoma Atkins, Hattie Chickasaw Franks, Oklahoma Boheer, Dorothy Chickasaw Pittsburg, Oklahoma Boheer, Ursula Chickasaw Pittsburg, Oklahoma Bostwick, Willie Dell Chickasaw Woodville, Oklahoma Brown, Angle Chickasaw Sulphur, Oklahoma Brown....

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School Operations among the Tuscarora Indians

For the earlier part of the history of school operations among the Tuscarora Indians, I can do no better than to give the report of Rev. John Elliot to the Secretary of War, in the year 1832, viz.: “To the Secretary of War : “This will show the operations of the schools from their organization in 1805, to September 30, 1832. “The first school among the Tuscarora was taught by Rev. Mr. Homes, the first missionary. This, according to the best information, was in 1805. What amount has been expended, either from the fund of the society or by the Government, to sustain its operation, I am wholly unable to state. The Indians converted their Council House into one for public worship, and also one for school operations, until 1828, when, with a little assistance from abroad, they completed a convenient chapel, 28 x 38 feet, for public worship. In 1831 they raised and finished a frame school house 24 x 20 feet, at an expense probably of $200. This sum, with the exception of $8, the Indians obtained by contributions among themselves. “We have but one teacher, whose whole time is engrossed in the concerns of the school (Mrs. Elliot and myself are occasionally employed). Her name is Elizabeth Stone, and the compensation she receives is only the means of support, the same that we receive. Ninety scholars...

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Teaching the Indians

Another teacher was less successful with her moral teaching, in trying to explain a hymn they had learned to recite: “Yield not to temptation, for yielding is sin; Each victory will help you some other to win.” The next day one of the girls came to her, exclaiming, triumphantly, ” I victory! I victory! Louisa Bullhead get mad with me. She big temptation. I fight her. I victory!” One can but sympathize with. another who was “victory” in a different sort of encounter. A party of excursionists landed on the Normal School grounds in the summer, and hunting up...

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Young Men before Education

The growth of this institution under the charge of its originator was described seven years ago in this Magazine, since which time it has attracted the attention of leading thinkers upon education and race problems in this and other countries, and become widely known as an exponent of the value of manual-labor training in education of men and women-certainly as far as the black race is concerned. Twelve years have proved its mission in the South to be no “fool’s errand.” Eastern school to continue the education begun at St. Augustine. It was fortunate not only for these poor...

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The First Anniversary of Hampton

At the last anniversary of Hampton, Secretary Schurz remarked in his speech “One day, soon, a very interesting sight will be seen here and at Carlisle. It will be the first Indian School-visiting Board. Within a few days twenty-five or thirty Sioux chiefs, among them some warriors whose hands were lifted against the United States but a few days ago, Red Cloud and others, will go to Carlisle and come here to see their children in these schools.” Last May, accordingly, this “Indian School-visiting Board” reached Hampton. The meeting between them and their young relatives would have convinced the...

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Fat Mandan’s letter to General Armstrong

Yankton, Dakota Territory, April 5, 1850. General Armstrong: My Friend, I never saw you, but I have a strong attachment for you. I already wrote you two letters, as yon know, but to-day I have thought of yon again. “I had two boys big enough to help me to work, but you have them now. I wanted them to learn your language, and I want you to look after them as if they were your boys. This is all, my friend. Fat Mandan is my name, and I shake your hand.” There are many, no doubt, who will smile...

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The Santee Normal Training School and Indian Missions

Running Antelope, an Indian chief, describing the condition of the Indians, said: “There was once a beautiful, clear lake of water, full of fish. The fish were happy and content, had plenty to eat, and nothing to trouble them. One day a man came and threw in a lump of mud, which frightened the fishes much and disturbed the water. Another day a man came again, and threw in some more mud, and even again and again, until the water became so thick that the fish could not see at all; they were so blinded and so frightened that they ran against one another, and they ran their noses out of the water into the mud, where many of them died. In fact, they are in a bad condition, indeed. Now, the pond is the Indian country, the fishes are the Indians, the false treaties and promises of the white men are the lumps of mud,” and, turning to the missionaries, he said: “I hope you have come to clear up the water.” A glance at the work of the A.M.A. among the Indians will show that the missionaries are clearing up the water. We all have heard of the Santee Normal Training School for Indians, in Nebraska. There is much in the name itself, and yet it is impossible to have a clear idea of the work done...

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