Collection: Letterbooks of William Henry Lyttleton

1759, September 12, Letters to Indian Affairs

Dear Coytmore, A few days afte Gallaher left this, the Setiquo People broke out in a very odd manner, sent four to way-lay the Fort, & kill’d Samuel Simmons within tow hundred Yards of the Corn Field (sho had just gone out to gather a few Grapes). The next Day thee was a Great Meeting at the fort, where all the Towns were present, & the Ammuntion that was stopt was strongly insisted for, as the means of making everything up; & that there was two Warriors to sett off for Kewohee for it, but wou’d not carry any Letter’s. Two Days ago the Person (Judges Friend) whom you complimented with a Sword,, at leaving of this, sent a Party to destroy our Cattle, & drive them off, but luckily misf’d of them, for we sent a Party of Men for them, who brought them in a different Road from that they took; and this very Person is at the Head of all this Mischief, & has sold those three Scalps to the French; & their Mefsenger sets off in two days. Yesterday they kill’d one William Veal that lives in Chittowee, which makes up the three Scalps they wanted. We are salting as fast as we can, tho’ I doubt it son’t keep; & have but fourteen Days flour in the Fort. No Flints & but ver little...

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1759, April 12, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 5th of Febry. 1758, j sent on Acct. to your Excellency of Thing issued to the jndians to the Amount of 355 Curoy. In favour of Messrs. Sonjn. Smith & ____________and as those Gentlemen never wrote to me about it, j am afraid it was never pat’d therefore j beg, your Excellency will Speack that j may be pay’d, it was 3 Days after my arrival, and all the Gentlemen then present persuaded me to do it as my Brother had not Enough to give to large Gang of Indians that came from War. The other Day two Certificates that j gave to Beacon that take to keep the Glacis in good Repair, Came back not accepted j assure your Excellency that man gets little by his Salary, for he is very often obliged to hire people to assist him to Cut Pincheons for the Ditches and to Carry Earth of the Glacis, as it is often washed down by the Rain. Mr. Smith wrote me word, that the Committee had cut of thirty Pounds of Six Months Salary due to the Smith. J assure you that j am afraid to Speack to him about it, for fear he would not work any more, for he is Constantly at work, the Indians bringing Every Day Some Thing or other to do, and j cant deny them. I...

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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 2

Sir This Morning I Delivered my Dispatches to M. Elliot, and was in hopes that he had been thirty Miles off when in the Evening the Bearer of theis Moyetoy of Chota a Leading man came to me and told me that he had an inclinaiton to go to Charles Town with M. Elliot, this thing is done on purpofe, for Elliot is afraid to be arrefted and he thinks that having Some Indians with him, that he will be protected and come off, which I hope he may on Account of the Publick good, he did what ever he could to have the great warriour to go with him, and he had promised him to the very, Laft, and was to have carryed his Commifsion with him, that if in café Elliot had been arrefted to have given it up if he had not been Set at Liberty immediately, I conclude with the Greateft of Respect Sir Your Excellecny most humble & Obedient Servant Ray Demere It will be proper to take some notice of the man, what he Says when he comes back will have a great...

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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 3

Sir I had the honour of writing to your Excellency this day b M. Elliot who went from the fort about Two hors ago, the Bearer hereof Amahatoy came this Minute and Acquainted me that he had a very great Inclination to Accompany Elliot to Town of which I have informed Captain Demere, altho it is not altogether agreable to Captain De,ere that he does go yet he does not Choose to hinder him at this time. He is a man of Some Note here being a head man and a Warriour, and altho old hop and the Carpenter said nothing about it, he certainly goes with their Consent and Approbation be insisted much on my Writing by him which occasions my Troubling Your Excellency with this Letter what he says at his return will have great weight with the Indians. It is probable M. Elliot may have Some View in carrying this fellow down. If Elliot cannot procure Credit for goods it will not be so proper that he should be the first to bring accounts of it to the Indians. I hope Your Excellency will Excuse the Freedome with which I write my Sentiments concerning affairs in this Nation I am with the Greatest Respect Sir Your Excellency’s Most obedient and most humble Servant John Stuart Fort Loudoun 23 July 1757 To His Excelly Gov....

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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 4

Sir When I began the Last Leter which I had the honour of writing to your excellency, I though nothing could be more certainly depended on than that all French Talks were forgotten and all their Machination Frustrated in this nation but before I had finished the mefsenger Sent by these people to the Creek nation returned, we found out that they had been with the Savannahs and at the Albama Fort, and we had reason to believe from the behaviour and Character of the persons who had been Employed on that Embafsie, that the mefsages they Carried and brought back were not favourable to us, the heads of all the Towns in the Nation were Summonsed to meet at Chota on the 14th Currant, but very few of the Leading men Came from the Valley and Lower Towns and but for a few from the Middle Settlements. They said Publickly that they Expected to hear nothing good, and that they were tired of bad Talks, about the Same time Captain Demere received M. Pepper’s Seller from New windsor acquainting him with the information he had received from the Coveta’s of these peoples designes against us here and of their proposalls to the Creek nation, I thought it not improper to Speak to the Carpenter on this Subject, acquainting him that our information came by the Creeks for altho...

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1759, September 13, Fort Loudoun

Sir By mere chance I receiv’d Your Dispatches of the 15th Ultimate, & can afsure You that the Indians over here were peaceable until they heard the Ammunition was stop’d, & then they grew very uneasy; & the Mefsenger which Old-Hop & the Standing Turkey had sent to the Albama Fort returning at the same Time, took that opportunity of telling them that the time was now come for the English to cut him off, which they might plainly see by their stopping the Ammunition, this made them worse. And being inform’d that there was some Provisions on the Road, the Man-killer of that town, with some more, went out & way-laid the Road for them, & kill’d one Peter, a Man belonging to Mr. Beamer, who happen’d to be foremost with his Horfes, & I imagine wou’d have kill’d the other, had not Captain C__sar been in company with him, the 7th Instant, being the last Day of their Green Corn Dance. The town of Settiquo taking part with Telliquo , sent four men to way-lay this fort, where they kill’d & scalp’d a Man within a hundred Yards of our Corn Field; & last night, some Fellows belonging to the same Town, killed & scalp’d one William Veal, that traded in Chittowee. Four Days ago I sent a Part of Men to drive in the Cattle, &...

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1757, July 11, Fort Loudoun Letter 2

Sir On the 9th Instant the Little Carpenter came with Several of the head men into the fort, and brought two _________of Stillards with him, from the Traders to Compare them to the pair our Excellency has Sent, which they Like much one of the pair proved good, and the other very bad, which did belong to that Elliot, what weighs twelve pounds on the new Stillards, weighs but ten in his, and his yard is a good deal Shorter than you Sent, the Little Carpenter Says that you told your Excellency, that he ws a great Rogue and now he hoped that you would be convinced, by my Acquainting you of it, and by what I saw, by sending his Stillards to Chareles Town to your Excellency, which the great Warriour took from Elliots people, he being now Virginia, he further Say’s that here is a man that mend’s Gun’s and hatchets, it would be good that the Governour would Send a man that can Stock Guns, when their Guns are broke, he Say’s that when he was Down Left, he told the Governour that his Nation wanted Traders that would Supply them with a Sufficient Quanity of goods in their Towns, for the Traders that is amongst tehm, brings but very few goods, which Occasion’s their people So many Talks amongst them, and Say’s that the Governour...

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1759, October 1, Fort Loudoun

Sir I hope your Excellency has Received the Letter that I sent by Samll. Been, when he was going down to Keowee with the Great Warrior, which Letter I was obliged to put in the lining of his saddle for fear of any accident. The Great Warrior the Day before he went to Keowee, as I had ingaged him to go there for severall reasons, first of all to give a strong Talk to all the Towns, that he went through; to Live in Peace and Friendship with the English and not to mind the falsity that was represented to them, by our Enemys: and to afsure them that the English wou’d never forsake them, as long as they wou’d Stand true. He told me, that as I was sent down to Keowee, to receive the Hunting Amunition, that had been stop’d there by the Warriors,) ( and in the same time to meet Capt. Stuart whome I told him was coming here, to settle all Differences by your Orders, he wou’d take care of him, and bring him safe to the Fort, and that he wou’d raise his Voice so high in all the Towns, that he shou’d go through, that I shou’d hear it at Tuchego: he told me that before he shou’d come back, he hoped the Little Carpenter wou’d be come back from Warr, and...

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1757, June 27, New Windsor So. Carolina

Sir This Serves to advise you of a piece of very Material intelligence I received from two head men of the Lower Creek Nation Relative to Some Schemes in agitation among the Head Men of the Cherokees, to cut off the Garrifon of Fort Loudoun, and to knock all the white people in the head. They Demanded afsistance from the Creeks, and a place of Safety for their Wives and Children in café of a Repulse, the first the Creeks say they have Denyed the Laft they have granted. Their Scheme they intend to manage in the following manner. They have concerted with the Notiwagas, that they shall come in a Hoftile manner against their Nation, upon which they inted to Sham fear Run to the fort for Shelter, & Defire the Commander to allow them to Joyn the Troops against the Enem; that as Soon as they have gott a Sufficient Number of Warriors into the Fort as they imagine will answer, they are to knock the Garrifon in the Head, Sally out and Joun the Nottiwagas burn the Fort, & proceed to Drive all the Reft of the white people entierely from their Nation. Which Scheme they propose putting in Practice this Summer, in the mean time they inted to behave with the utmoft Civility & Moderation to the English, and to ingratiate themselves with the Officers...

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1759, November 3, Fort Loudoun

Sir Sixteen Days ago I Reed, a letter from Capt. Stuart, and inclosed a Copy of a letter from your Excellency to him. The 24th of last month arrived Little Carpenter, and Willeleway with their Gang, having two French Prisoners, with them; as he knew very well, that there was at Fort La Afsumption, great many Savana Indians, constantly watching, and on Scouts, he went on Mifsifsipi River, where he knew that there were constantly People pafsing and repafsing, from New Orleans, to New Charlres, and from thence to Fort La Afsumption: he thought to meet some whom he might take Prisoners: but having wait’d sometime in vain, and his Scouts having discover’d fresh tracks, towards For La Afsumption, he marched towards it. On the 15th of Sept. two of his Men came to give Notice, that they had discover’d White Men, and Indians Solling by the Water side: on which they advanced and unperceived fired on them, in the ingagement, the Carpenter had on kill’d on the spot, and an other wounded; who died soon afterwards. They kill’d three of the French and one Savana Indian, and took two French men alive. the enemy were fifteen in Number, and Sixteen of their Gang were gone that morning a Buffalo hunting. As the French were drefsing their _ictuals, when Surpriz’d having four Buffaloes with them our Indians eat very...

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1759, January 26, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 18th Instant arrived here the Exprefs with the Agreeable News of the Reduction of Fort DuQuenoi Immdiately I order’d From Tender Armis field, if Great Guns & the Shen Three Collies the Same Day Sent word to Old Hopp. I shod. Be with Him the Hea’t Day. Accordingly whent to Chotia & found him wth. The Standing sTurkey in his Hold House & as I intended to Spek with the Great Warriour, I desired him to Send for Him wch. He did I then told them, what yor. Excellency wrote to me Concerning this Reducttion of Fort DuQuenoi, & Read to them all the Paticulars, They Seam’’, to be very glad of it. I told ye. Likewise that this Govr. Of the Garifson had abanded the Fort, when they heard that our Army was hear & that they were all Gone Down ______River in Buttois’ Vas I had ________my -y on ye Gt. Warriour to go Towards ye French fort with Some White Men according to your Excellencies Instructions, I desir’d _____to Dine with me the ex’t Day at ye Fort because their was too many Indians Then Present & I did not Chouse to fell _____all what my intentions was. The Gt. Warriour & the Standing Turkey came, Old Hop Being Indispos’d after dinner I said to _____what your Excell,cy Request d, of Them & as...

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1759, 15 May, Fort Loudoun

Sir The Bearer of this is one Maximilliam More whom I acquainted you Excellency I had sent to Highwafsie for on purpose to send him out Accompany’d by one of my Soldiers to recon___trie the place where is was Reported the French were fortifying themselves, before he sett of I was informed that it was not Coosawatchee, but about Seventy mile farther where that River & Coosa River makes a Fork. He Accordingly sett off & carried his Son, Who no Accompany’s him, a young Lad very verry much Attach’d to our Interest and another Young Lad along with him, as they could do nothing of themselves for fear of being discovered, when they were arrived within Eight Mile, of the place, the Son desired his Father & the white men to hide themselves in a Cane Swamp Untill he & his Mate should return, which would be in two nights when he Came to the place where the Two River’s makes a Fork, he Discovered the Mortar’s Camp, & on the other side three Large Houses which they had built (but would no Suffer him to go over to see them, Suspecting as a Spy) He Say’s they talk’d much in praise of the French & Said they Soon Expected a great many of them to come there & settle the young lad had discovered Sails oars belonging...

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1759, 12 May, Fort Loudoun

Sir As Charles McGunigham was going to town I have detained him two days to Acquaint you Excellency with what has happened here Lately when the Mortar was here, the Little Carpenter sent Fiftoe one of the head men of Theowee over with a Mefsage to be Easy & Quiet until he Came home, & that he had made every thing up in Virginia, the same night one Moytoy & two mor head men of Settico Stay’d all night in the town house with the mortar, & next morning three Gang’s out of that town sett out under pretence of Going a hunting but there Scheme was of Going to war Against the Back Inhabitants of Virginia. A few day’s ago two gangs Returned with three white men’s Scalp’s, & last Thursday Night Moytoy and his Gang returned & brought in Twelve Scalps, Men, Women, & Children, they same Night the Great Warrior who had gone down the river a little way Returned & Complained very much to him of the behaviour of the Settico people. He declared that the knew nothing of it, & if he had been here nothing of that shou’d have happened. I desired him to tell old Hopp, the Standing Turkey & himself to come & dine this day with me, to consult what was to be done on this Occafsion that I might...

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Copy of Orders

Coppie of orders Sir You are to proceed with y command to hihewasey if the Cattel Should not be arrive when you come there, you are to wait till they Come up, then you are to efcort them to this place, you are charged abuve all things to take great care of y men, incase of an attack from any of our Enemies Indians, I leave that intirely to y. good conduct, out you most take the best method you can for the preservation of y. men for the good of his majesty Service and to prevent any confufsion amongst them for one pted in those places you could not easly rally again, then you would be in danger, fight without giving way to them, Let them be what number they will, Given under my hand at Fort Loudoun Jully the 1 1757 Signed Ray Demere To Ensign Joseph Loyd if the Cattel Should not be there when you arrive Send imediately an Exprefs to acquaint he that has the charge of em, that you are waiting for them to escort then over the hills Sir you are to proceed to Keowee with the command that I have ordered, when you arrive there, you are to See all publick Store designed for this Guarrison, as well as anything else belonging to the Officers Out of that fort and excort...

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1757, August 31, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 21st of the Instant arrived here and Exprefs from M. Atkins the Agent at Winchester in Virginia, with a Letter for me and another for old Hop and the warrious, I shall not Mention any thing of that Letter, as I doubt not but Your Excellency has Received a Coppy of the Same beore now from Fort Prince George. As the Exprefs told me that he had wrote it himself and gave it to Ensign Bogges that it might be sent to you. The next day I sent for old Hop and the _____of the Warriours, and beig Assembled read to them M. Atkins Letter they said but Little on that Subject, they set down to their Dinner and an hour sent for the Exprefs, the desired him to write a letter them to the Governour of Virginia, and Inclosed I send you a Coppy of it. On the 24th Instant Coldifson arrived here with Letters from Your Excellency, I immediately sent word to Old Hopp and the other head men that an Exprfs was come from Charlestown and desired them to be at the fort the next day, They came Except old Hopp, ( the reason of his not Coming was that on of Grand children was Sick) The Carpenter, the Great Warriour and Other head said that they where Enough and that I might read...

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