Collection: Letterbooks of William Henry Lyttleton

1759, June 1, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 26th of Last Month the Little Carpenter arrived here & came directly to the fort and said that he was verry sorry to hear that in his Absence there had been so many bad talks and that Some of them had been to Virginia & killed the white People there & that he did not Know how to behave on this Occafsion, but that Since he was come it Shoud be so no more & that he had given good talks to all the towns as came along and in three day’s I will Acquaint You with the talks I shall give to those towns. Accordingly they had a Meeting at Chotta & Runners were Sent through all the to forwarn them from the like proceedings for the future, & the 30th _____ was fixt to come to the fort to Acquaint me with there Proceedings. Accordingly a Great number came & After the Indian Ceremonies were Over, I told the Litle Carpenter publickly that in his Absence there had been verry bad talks at Chotta & that the Mortar was kindly recived there, Notwithstanding I Acquainted them that he came from the French and had no Good Design, Old Hopp deny’d that there was ever any bad talks at Chotta. I told him I was sure of it because Some of their Own Warriours had Acquainted...

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1759, June 27

Sir I am Sorry to Acquaint you Excellency of an affair that Happen’d here tho 21st Inst. I Having a Little Rum cam Safe & the Skin being Absent so Long without Liquor & Difirious of having it I took the Opportunity now y Indians being gone & hunting to grant their Request & I order’d a Small Quantity to be given amonst my Com’d _____I foon Perseive, d Affect’d them I then thought Proper to give orders that no more Rum Shou’d be Ifsued out. The next Day I was Supprisy’d to find y Command more Diguised & Inquiring into y Cause of it was Informed by Severall of my Men That Ensign Bell had Sold them Rum Contrary to my orders, & He Kept himself to His Room all y afternoon. All tho he was Officer of the Guard, & Invited the Interpreter to Keep him Company till were both drunk & Incapible of Buifinifs. In y Evening Mr. Anderson came to Receive the Paro____ for Him & I told him I was Suppris’d at Ensigh Bell’s Procedding, ____ Said he Knew nothing of Bell Selling Rum but _____ Bell had Six Kegg. I told him I was contempiously used by Him _ppon Wm. Anderson Took His Leave In a Short Time ___ Comes Ensign Bell to my Room In a most fhamfully Disorder in Liquor &...

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1757, July 20, Fort Loudoun

Sir On the 15th Instant there was a great concorse of Indians of all the Towns at Chota Town houfe to hear the Talk that the two warriours Mefsengers from Old Hop, had brought from the Creeks, but it was nothing Like a Talk, it was only a friendly advise from the Creeks, to the Cherokees and Compliments from one to the other; when it was excepected other ways, the man killer of Tellico was present, if he has Said one word tending to the French I had peole enough there Ready to take his up & Shut his mouth, but he Said nothing, all our beft friends where prefent, the Little Carpenter in particular went on purpose to oppose and Reject anything that he Sould not like, and to Talk, if there had been Occasion the two Creeks that came with them brought no Talk our Mefsengers Said, that they had been at the french fort, and that the french had Sent two pricks of Tobacco by the to Chota, for the warriours to Smoke as they were in freindship with the creeks, and that they did approve very well of their coming backwards & forwards in a friendly manner, when the french gave them that Tobacco they Said they had no talk to give them this Same Mefsenger Reports that the Cowetas had gave them Some Tobacco,...

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Roll of Captain John Stuarts Company

An effective Roll of Captain John Stuarts Company Working at Fort Loudoun July 11th, 1757 John Stuart Captain James Adamson Lieutenant John Miller, Sergeant Jacob Glaughenberg,  Sergeant John Roberts,  Corp Arch, Watson,  Dr Lawrence Masterson John Bower Archibald Watson Senr. Jacob Rough Joseph Velts George Swaggart George Moan Henry Volk Thomas Kelly James Read George Hefser Thomas Coyle Henrye Jinceller Stephen Terrey Joseph Vert Martin Miller Bryan Rourk Michael Shecklin Henry Maxwell John Shults Joseph Vennegan William Campbell Adam Kellar John Purcell James Moon Tobias Holmes Thomas Mills Martin Herter Edward Manahan William Buttler Patrick Campbell Thomas Abrahood Gaspar Dickinson Michael Calfskins Thomas Keylar Daniel McLachlin Andrew Hogstaten James Fraser Robert Jones Thomas Foster Perregrine Murphy John Simms William Martin Thomas Jones Jacob Bigley Michael Mucklefoot John...

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1759, March 26, Fort Loudoun

Sir I Send the Bearer of this James Holme’s as an Exprefs to Acquaint Your Excellency that a few days ago, the chief Warriour of the Oakjoyes (called the Mortar) came into Tellico with a Gang of Twenty three Men & Women and two day’s after Came to Chotta & were verry Kindly received by all the Warriours there, (About four Months ago Mr. Atkins wrote a letter to Old Hopp Acquainting him that this verry man wou’d be here in the Spring & desired him to beware of his bad Talk’s the Reason that he Gives for his Coming here is that he has Seen Amongst the French, & Spaniards & that they both report they have Great friendship for the Cherokee’s & that he has heard the Commanding Officers of both Nations Were he has been Say that they had Seen Letters from the Great King George, To the Governour of South Caroline & Commander of theis fort & likewife Letters from them to the French & Spaniards desiring there Afsistance to Cut this Nation off but out of the Great Regard the French has for them they have Sent him on purpose to Acquaint them of it. & that he with the head men of five Town’s of the Upper Creek’s are come to a place Called Cusawatchie (on the Mouth of the Cusa River) where...

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1759, June 2, Fort Loudoun

Sir Last night j recived your Excellency’s Letter of the 2d of may, and this Morning, j called, the Carpenter, Smith and the Man that take care of the Glasses and Hedges ______ and told them that j orders not employ them constantly, but when j should have occasion, they desired me to beg of your Excellency that you would stand by them because by the strencks of their work, they have bought Things for their wives & family. In all Appearance Everything is now Easy & quiet with the jndians & us, and if j can prevail, that new Settlement shan’t be long there. J wish Mr. Pinckney would Send, Knives, Hatchets, and more Pint, and j could dispence very well, with Gartering, ladis, & _ea Bottons. Some time ago, two warriors were Saying that j did not give them Pint Enough to go to war, j told them j gave them what j had, they Said that their great Man above, would not thinck they were warriors, if they were not painted. At the last meeting j saw an jndian, with a Bow and the Mittest arrows, that j ever Saw, j asked him, if he could get for me, two Dozen like them, and a fine skin to cover them, j would buy them of him, he told me, that he would get them to oblige...

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1757, July 11, Muster Roll of Cap’t John Stuarts Comapany

THE PUBLICK TO CAPTAIN JOHN STUART’S COMPANY 1757 1756 March 25 To Amount of Captain’s pay from 15 July 1756 to this day 878.10 Sept 20 By Cash reed. of John Chivellette; Esq, 1015. To Amount of Lieutenants pay from De 418.6.8 By 2 months pay to Lieut. Adamson from De 100. To Amount of Ensigns pay from De 251. By 2 months, pay to Ensign Anderson from De 60. To Amount of pay due to Serjants & private men from the time of their Respective inlistments to this day 7113.16.8 1757 Feby. 15 By 6 months pay Received of the Treasurer for the Captain as & Receipt 630. 8661.13.4 Ballance due to Comp. to this 25th day of March 1757 1805. £8661.13 Fort Loudoun 25th March 1757 John Stuart Captain I do hereby Certifye that this is an Exact Muster Roll of Cap’t. John Stuarts Company, Fort Loudoun July 11th 1757John Chevillette Sir Be pleased to order payment of the above ballance to Mefsrs. Ogelvy and Ward they being appointed agents for the Company under my Command Your Excellency most obedient and most humble Servt.John...

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1759, December 3, Fort Loudoun

Sir The Adjoyning was intended to have been Conveyed to your Excelency by some pack horsemen. Who sell out for the Settlements. The 22d Ultimate, but upon some Repost they heard at Heywafsee they thought proper to Return. It will now be delivered by Mr. Ellitot with whom the Little Carpenter Setts out with this day The Jealousy which has Long Subsisted between Old Hop and the Carpenter is come to am open quarell, the former having at a Meeting in Chote Town house, Lately, Accused the Carpenter of being Enemy to his Country, and a Servil dependent upon the English and Aay, that he has constantly thwarted and frustrated his endeaours to make peace with the French by running out to war against them, at the Same time he spoke Contempuously of Abilities as a Warrior this has Greatly incensed the Little man who in his _______has ordered his peole, to Look no Longer on Old Hop as their head beloved man, declaring that he himself would Supply his place in that Capacity, for the future and I am concern heintends to Avail himself on his Credit with Your Excellency and of the presents Emergincy for Establishing his Authority The Indians The Indians are very Cever but cannot hide their fears. They Continue to Supply the fort with corn hoggs & Fowls as usual, and of Late they...

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1759, August 1, An Indian Woman Called the buffolow

Skin/ who formerly gave Capt. Raymond Demere an Account o the Agreement between the Tellico people & the French at new Orlean’s, Wnet from this about two Months ago, in Company with Some Other’s on a Journey to the Creek Nation, & in there way Called at this new Settled place Ettuea, where they were Joind by the Mortar & his Gang & proceeded to that Nation & from thence to the French Fort, & being return’d gives the Following Account That when she was within two day’s Journey of the Elliqu_’s or the Hillobu’s a Creek town, in Company with the Oakjoy Warriour, That the said Warriour Immediately Sent to the French fort, to Acquaint them of his Coming with the Cherokee people, who joined _____ Sent of two French men to meet him with two cag’s of Liquor, The Cherokee’s then said to each other that Certainly this Warriour was in Great Esteem’d among the French, for we have often been at the English & Never had such an Invittation as this, that when they came in sight of the Oakjoy Town they halted, & was Meet by two French Men, with Shirts in their arms & Some bottles of rum, which they presented to the head men of the Creek’s & Cherokee’s & then they went Forward to the Chuncky Yard & in there way pafsed...

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1759, April 10, Fort Loudoun

Most Honr. Sir, I Trouble you with ___ in Hopes you wd. Be so Indulgins as to Remember You kind Promise I have been here hear Two years but shod. The Service not Such wth. You to releave me wd. Very Readily Compound with your Excellency to Continue for any Time you shod. Think Proper not Excuding Two__if yor. Goodnefs wod. Excuse me hear to be sent ___for the Further I Understand ther’s a a likelihood of Severall Premotions in the In_ipend Company’s, I Hope you will be so kind as to see I ____ Have Justice done me being now the Eldest Ensign if ther’s any Attorations in the Service in my Favour shod. Be Infinitely oblig,d to you for a Sine as to __-Situations of our Affairs Here Referr you to Capt. Demere Lettrs. ____Report that 45 Cherrokees are gone to Warr against Virignia ___Oechoy warriour calld, ye Mortar Has been into Chotia & Poisiond thefs wth. ____Confounded French Talks but Hon it with End in nothing ___Tho’ its Said by Severall of the Paehko___men whom garthers There Intelliganiers from the Indians’ That ye French are Settling on the Highwafsiy River to Intersept ye Parr ___ages Hon, I have lately Rec’d, my Auot. From my Rercht. In 10th he Mentioned that ___6 ___10 Re_____. From ye to rasurr. For ye Expaneis at Keowhee. Mr. Loats affairs Cast...

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1757, July 23, Fort Loudoun Letter 1

Sir On the 20th Inftant M. Elliot came into the fort, and it seems that matters goes on very bad by the Oppinion the Indians have Consived of us so Suddenly, on Account of Jellousy for he want of the Ammunition, on Such a criticall Juncture of time, not only war, but they cant go out and kill a bit of meat for their family’s, that in Short they imagine we want oly a Large quantity of Privifsions and Ammunition in the fort, and then a body of men will come up and od what we pleafe with them, as we Deprive them from Ammunition and every thing else, after So many promifses to them, M. Elliot acquainted me that the next day there was to do a meeting at his houfe of Several headmen on this very Account, and that he thought they would not let him go to Charles Town, except Some few of them Should go with him, in order to know the Refon why they were not provided with thofe Necefsary’s that they want, I told him to bring them here, and I should be glad to Redrefs their greviances and if any of them would go to Charles Town with him that I would be glad, and Shall write to the Governour in their favour, and that ehy will be convinced in a Little...

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1759, August 28, Fort Loudoun

Sir Your Dispatches of the 31st of July, I recd. By James Holmes: I acquainted your Excellency by Charles McCuningham of the Little Carpenter being gone to Warr, with thirty Young fellows and Willi_awaw, with him. He was no sooner gone but I found great attentions in the Disposition and Mind of the Indians; for he kept them very quiet. Tho’ I thank God I live here very easy, in the Upper Towns, and I hear no bad Talks, tho I do not know how long it will continue. I have Recd. Intelligence from the Lower Towns, that it is not so with them, and that they have very bad Talks, and bring White People’s Scalps every Day. They give out there (tho without any foundation) that the Little Carpenter is gone to the French Fort, to make a Peace with the French, and that as soon as he comes back, the Warr will Begin. They may say what they please, I do not believe it, and am almost sure of the company, for a little white before he went away he gave me all the Afsurance of Friendship for the English, and desird me not to mind what I was told in his absence that he was going for Fort Afsumption, to endeavour to a French Prisoner, that he might know what the French were about, and to...

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1759, April 6, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 14th Isntn. Arrived the Exprefs with Dispatches from you Excellency, I hope James Holme’s whom I have sent with an Exprefs to Your Excellency is Arrived Safe, I afshure you When I sent Him, we did not know what to make of the Indian’s there was Nothing but bad talks Amongst them, & they had Meetings every day, Old Hopp & the Standing Turkey seem’d to Protect them verry much, I do not know what to make of Judge Friend, I have great reason to believe that Willinaway is sincere, he has been Constantly at there Meetings, And opposed them when they were giving bad talks, & has Allways Given me Notice of it, The other Day they had a Great Meeting Where all the head Men Where present & the Mortar finding that his Proposals were not Approved of by the Comisiners he began to drop his bad talks, deny’d that his Name was the Mortar, that he was Called the Wolf, & a friend to the English, & the next day went Away but said he wou’d Soon return, Some of the head men Afsured us we need not be under Any Apprehension for they wou’d not Give Ear to their bad talks, The exprefs has brought me a letter from the Little Carpenter, wherein he desired me to Acqua. Old Hopp, that he was...

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1757, June 1, The Creek Nation

Dearest Friend, I hope your goodnefs will excuse the freedome of my Exprofsing my Self as it flows from a Sole truly sencible of the many remarcable Instances of friendship I havereed from you, A Detail of my trouble & misfortunes, can not be new to you as they must have reach’d your ears, before this time, The flights of ungovernd youth aded to my trouble of Leaveing Fort Loudoun Exageratied by the force of Excefsive Drinking at Theowee deprived me of my reason & has occasioned a misquidence in my Conduct which has thrown me into the utmost Trouble and Misery, its riported that I intended to go to the french but I most Solomosly Declare no such Design ever entered into my Immajination for I was on my way to Charlestown when Capt. Pepper sent after me and has ordered me Down undor a Guard having first taken from me my __ath’s, Sword & Pistols, & my Sirits are so Deprefs’d and weigh’d down with Care & _______that my Senses have allmost left me. Oh Wretched Man that I am Loaded with Care and covered with misfortunes for God sake my Dear Capt. Demere __frend me in this my verry great Trouble, I am sencible what influence your Letters have, Oh for God sake afsist me & Mke me your Vafe all that I may repay your...

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1759, May 5, Fort Loudoun

Sir As j am incertain when j shall be relived, j have sent the Woman, that was the Care of the Store, to buy Some Necessares of Lift, by her j sent to your Excellency a test of jndian’s Baskets, and a Beaver’s Skin which j beg you will accept, and if any thing Else Cover these Mountains & is agreeable to you, j shall be obliged to you to send me your Orders, and j shall do my best Endeavour to get it. as Every Thing is quiet now in these Parts j have wrote to Lieut. Coytmore to not send men here for fear to disoblidge the jndians, till he should hear further from your Excellency, and in case j should hear of the approach of the Enemy j would sent for them, besides as Carriage for Provisions is very heavy on the Publick, and Some time very difficult, j a afraid that Some time or other, we should be in want having great Number of Men here. J shall allways thought that the Certificates of the People whom your Excellency approved of had been Constantly accepted, til the other Duy when four of them were Sent back again to me and a imagined they were as good as the Bank j did take them to make Payments in Town. J refer to Dr. Matin, and Dr....

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