Collection: Bancroft Works

Delegates of Washington Convention, July 4, 1889

The several counties were represented as follows in the convention: Discover your family's story. Enter a grandparent's name to get started. choose a state: Any AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE DC FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY INTL Start Now Adams County, D. Buchanan Garfield, S. G. Cosgrove Franklin, W. B. Gray Columbia, M. M. Goodman, R. F. Sturvedant Chehalis County, A. J. West Clarke County, Louis Johns, A. A. Lindsley Cowlitz County, Jesse Van Name Island County, J. C. Kellogg Jefferson County, Allen Weir, George H. Jones, H. C. Willison King County, R. Jeff’s, T. T. Minor, T. P. Dyer, D. E. Durie, John R. Kinnear, John P. Hoyt, M. J. McElroy, Morgan Morgans County, George W. Tibbetts, W. L. Newton Kitsap County, S. A. Dickey Kittetas County, J. A. Shoudy, A. Mires, J. T. McDonald Lewis County, O. H. Joy, S. H. Berry. Lincoln County, H. W. Fairweather, B. B. Glascock, Frank M. Dallam Mason County, Henry Winsor, John McReavy Pacific County, J. A. Burk Pierce County, T. L. Stiles, P. C. Sullivan, Gwin Hicks, H. M. Lillis, C. T. Fay, R. S. Moore, Robert Jamison Skagit County,...

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Washington Pioneers and Solders in the Indian War

David Shelton, son of Lewis Shelton and Nancy Gladdin, his wife, and grandson of Roderick Shelton and Usley Willard, his wife, of Virginia, was born in Buncombe County, Virginia, Sept. 15, 1812, migrating with his parents to Missouri territory in 1819. He married Frances Willson, born in Kentucky, May 30, 1837, and removed in 1838 to the Platte Purchase, settling near St Joseph, where he lived until 1847, when he emigrated to Oregon, taking up a claim on Sauvé Island, which he sold in 1848, and went to the California gold mines, returning to Portland in 1849, where he remained until 1852, when he removed to Washington Territory in company with L. B. Hastings, F. V. Pettigrove, Thomas Tallentine, and B. Ross on a small schooner, named the Mary Taylor. Shelton and Ross remained in Olympia until 1853, in which year he settled on Skookum Bay, and was appointed one of the three judges of Thurston County, which at that time comprised the whole Puget Sound country. He was elected to first territorial legislature, and introduced the bill organizing Sawamish County (the name being subsequently changed to Mason), of which he was the first settler. He served in the Indian war of 1855-6, as a Lieutenant in Co. F., W. T. vols. Mrs Shelton died April 15, 1887, at the age of 70 years. Shelton was a man of...

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Second Regiment of Washington Volunteers

The 2d regiment of Washington volunteers was officered, so far as the official correspondence shows, as follows: Company A, Capt. Edward Lander; 1st Lieut A. A. Denny. Vice H. H. Peixotto resigned; 2d Lieut D. A. Neely; H. A. Smith surgeon; Strength 33 rank and file. Non-com officers, John Henning, C. D. Biven, J. Ross, Jacob Wibbens, James Fielding, Walter Graham, David Manner, Asa Fowler. Company B, Capt. Gilmore Hays, promoted to major by election; 1st Lieut A. B. Rabbeson, elected Capt. Vice Hays; 1st Lieut Van Ogle, vice Rabbeson, and John Brady, vice Van Ogle, commanded lastly by Captain Burntrager; 2d Lieut William Martin; 2d. Lieut William Temple, vice Martin resigned. Non-com officers, Frank Ruth, D. Martin, M. Goodell, N. B. Coffey, J. L. Myres, T. Hughes, H. Horton; Strength 52 men rank and file. Company C, Capt. B. L. Henness; 1st Lieut G. C. Blankenship; 2d Lieut F. A. Goodwin; non-commissioned officers, Joseph Cushman, William J. Yeager, Henry Laws, James Phillips, William E. Klady, Thomas Hicks, S. A. Phillips, H. Johnson; Strength 67 rank and file. Company D, Capt. Achilles; 1st Lieut Powell; Strength 44 rank and file. Company E, Capt. Charles W. Riley; Strength 21 men rank and file; commanded lastly by Lieut Cole. Company F, Capt. Calvin W. Swindal; 1st Lieut J. Q. Cole; Strength 40 rank and file. Company G, J. J. II. Van...

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Southern Battalion of Washington

The southern battalion consisted of the Washington Mounted Rifles, Capt. H. J. G. Maxon, Company D, Capt. Achilles, who was succeeded by Lieut Powell, and two Oregon companies, one Company, K, under Francis M. P. Goff, of Marion County, and another, Company J, under Bluford Miller of Polk County. Oregon Statesman, March 11 and May 20, 1856. For convenience of reference, they are named here: Company A, organized and commanded by Lieut-Col Edward Lander Walla Walla County, organized out of friendly Chehalis and Cowlitz Indians by Sidney S. Ford, Capt. Clarke County Rangers, organized by Capt. William Kelly Company E, Capt. C. W. Riley, succeeded by Lieut J. Q. Cole Company H, Capt. R. V. Peabody Company L, Capt. E. D. Warbass Company N, Capt. Richards, succeeded by Capt. Williams Company M, consisting of 10 white men and 43 Nez Perces, Henri M. Chase, Capt. a company of Squaxon scouts under Lieut. Gosnell a company of Cowlitz Indians under Pierre Charles. Lieut-Col Lander was retained on the governor’s staff, and Jared S. Hurd, E. C. Fitzhugh, and H. R. Crosbie aids, with the rank of Lieut-Col, in addition to the appointments made in Dec., of Craig and Doty. Edward Gibson was appointed extra aid. B. F. Shaw was elected Lieut-Col of the 2d regiment in April. W. W. Miller still held the office of quartermaster and commissary-general at Olympia....

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Washington Settlers from Oregon

William Craig was born in Greenbriar County, Virginia, in 1810. He entered the service of the American Fur Company in 1830, and for ten years led the life of a trapper. When the fur companies broke up, about 1810, he came to Oregon, and settled not long after at Lapwai, near Spalding’s mission, to which he rendered valuable assistance in controlling the Indians. He also was of much service to Gov. Stevens in making treaties with the Indians of eastern Washington. Stevens appointed him on his staff, with the rank of Lieutenant colonel, and he was afterward appointed Indian agent at Lapwai, for’ which position he was well fitted, and which he held for a long time. ‘But for his liberality he would have been rich, but he has given away enough to make several fortunes.’ Walla Walla Union, Oct. 23, 1869. ‘He was the comrade in the mountains of Kit Carson, J. L. Meek, Robert Newell, Courtenay Walker, Thompson, Rahboin, and a host of other brave men whose names are linked with the history of the country.’ Walla Walla Statesman, in Portland Oregonian, Oct. 30, 1869. Here are a few men who settled in Washington at an early period, but who had first resided in Oregon: Solomon Strong, born in Erie co., N. V., Nov. 11, 1817. At the age of fourteen years removed to Ohio, thence to...

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Washington Council Members, 1854

The members of the council elected to fill the places left vacant by the expiration of the short term and other causes were: Jefferson Huff and Ira Patterson from Clarke and Skamania County C. C. Terry and W. A. Strickler from Pierce and King County A. M. Poe from Island County, Clallam, Jefferson, and Whatcom County. Catlin, of the former council, was chosen president Butler P. Anderson, Chief Clerk A. J. Moses, Assistant Clerk J. L. Mitchell, Sergeant-at-Arms William Cullison, Doorkeeper The Lower House was composed of: William McCool, of Skamania, County; C. C. Stiles, Chas S. Irby, William Hendrickson, Henry R. Crosbie, of Clarke County John Briscoe, of Pacific and Wahkiakum County George Watkins, of Chehalis and Sawamish County Charles H. Spinning, Charles F. White, of Lewis County Stephen Guthrie, William Cock, Benjamin L. Henness, William P. Wells Thurston County William H. Wallace, Frank Clarke, Samuel McCaw, of Pierce County John Carson, of Pierce and King County A. A. Denny, of King County Timothy Heald, of Jefferson and Clallam County R. L. Doyle, of Island and Whatcom County A. S. Abernethy, of Cowlitz County Crosbie was chosen speaker B. F. Kendall was elected Chief Clerk R. M. Walker, Assistant Clerk Milton Mounts, Sergeant-at-Arms William Baily, Doorkeeper. Wash. Jour. House, 1851-5, 8-9,...

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Hudson’s Bay Company Forts in Washington

In Stevens’ report is found a list of all the forts of the H. B. Co., with their rank and value, and the amount of cultivated laud, making the whole foot up no more than $300,000, whereas they received twenty years later more than double that amount. The other information contained in the report relates to the segregation of the land claimed by the companies into donation lots, with the names of the squatters, and is of interest in the history of the early settlement of the country. The following are the names of the so-called trespassers: At Fort Vancouver, Bishop Blanchet, for a mission claim, the same 640 acres being claimed by James Graham of the H. B. Co. The county of Clarke also claimed 160 acres of the same land as a county seat, which was allowed, as I have mentioned elsewhere. Over all these claims the United States military reserve extended. Immediately east of Vancouver 640 acres were claimed by Forbes Barclay (British), and the same tract by an American, Ryan, who resided on it and cultivated it, while Barclay lived at Oregon City. Adjoining was a claim of 640 acres, which, after passing through several hands a servant of the company, Chief Factor Ogden, and Switzler was finally sold to Nye, an American. A tract 4 miles square above these claims, and embracing the company’s...

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Washington Petitions for Land Law separate from Oregon

The most important matter to which the attention of the national legislature was called was a change in the land law, to effect which congress was memorialized to grant them a surveyor-general of their own, and a land system “separate from, and wholly disconnected with, that of Oregon territory.” To be relieved from the prohibition preventing the holders of donation certificates from selling any portion of their claims before they received a patent; their certificates to be prima facie evidence of title. Suggestions were given as to the manner of establishing a claim by witnesses before the surveyor-general. That persons entitled to a donation should be permitted to take irregular fractions of land. That town proprietors should be authorized to convey lots by valid deeds, the same as if a patent had been issued. That when either parent of a child or children should have died upon the road to Washington, the survivor should be entitled to as much land as both together would have been entitled to; provided the land taken in the name of the deceased should be held in trust for the children. Or when either parent should have started for or arrived in the territory, and the other, though not yet started, should die, having a child or children, the surviving parent should be entitled, by complying with the provisions of the law, to the...

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Washington Counties Organized

Sawamish County, first organized March 13, 1854, had its name changed to Mason Jan. 3, 1864, in honor of Charles H. Mason, first secretary of the territory. The county officers appointed on its organization were: Commissioners, Wesley Gosnell, Charles Graham, Lee Hancock Sheriff, Finis K. Simmons Judge of Probate, Alfred Hall Auditor, V. P. Morrow Treasurer, Orrington Cushman Justice of the Peace, Aaron M. Collins Olympia Pioneer and Dem., May 27, 1854. Commissioners appointed for Whatcom County were Commissioners, William Cullen, H. C. Page, R. V. Peabody Sheriff, Ellis Barnes Auditor, A. M. Poe. Commissioners appointed for Walla Walla County were: Commissioners, George C. Bamford, John Owen, Dominique Pambrun Sheriff, Narcisse Raymond Judge of Probate and Justice of the Peace, Lloyd Brooke. Clark County Vancouver is called Columbia City in the act. This patriotic change of name occurred about 1851 or 1852, but I fail to find any mention of it. I think it was done on the motion of the first postmaster at that place, R. H. Lansdale, who had the post office called Columbia City. The name, however, would not pass in the face of long usage, and the Washington legislature at its second session changed it to Vancouver. The commissioners appointed for Clarke County by the first territorial legislature were: Commissioners William Dillon C. C. Stiles and Mr Fairchilds; Sheriff George W. Hart; Judge of Probate...

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Washington First Legislative Assembly

The first legislative assembly was composed of nine councilmen, as follows: Clarke County, Daniel F. Bradford and William H. Tappan; Island and Jefferson County, William T. Sayward; Lewis and Pacific County, Seth Catlin and Henry Miles; Pierce and King County, Lafayette V. Balch and G. N. McConaha; Thurston, D. R. Bigelow and B. F. Yantis. H. M. Frost of Pierce County was elected chief clerk, and U. E. Hicks of Thurston County, assistant clerk. Hicks was County Clerk of Thurston. He figured a good deal in polities, served in the Indian war of 1855-6, and afterward edited one or more newspapers. He immigrated to Washington from Missouri in 1850, with his young wife, who died Nov. 16, 1853, aged 21 years. He married, Jan. 21, 1855, India Ann Hartsock. Frost served but a part of the term, and resigned, when Elwood Evans was elected and served from March 8th to May 1st. – J. L. Mitchell of Lewis County was elected Sergeant-at-Arms W. G. Osborn of Thurston County Doorkeeper. The council being divided into three classes by lot. D. R. Bigelow, Seth Catlin, and W. H. Tappan drew the three years term; B. F. Yantis, Henry Miles, and G. N. McConaha, the two years term; W. T. Sayward, D. F. Bradford, and L. Balch, the one year term. The House of Representatives consisted of seventeen members: One from Island...

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Steamboats, Tug Boats and River Craft in Washington

The first charter granted to a steamboat company on the Cowlitz River was to Seth Catlin, John R. Jackson, Fred A. Clarke, Henry N. Peers, George B. Roberts, and their successors, by the legislature of 1854-5. Wash. Stat., 1854, 439. This company failed to make any use of its charter. The legislature of 1858-9 granted to Royal C. Smith and Noyes H. Smith and their associates permission to incorporate the Cowlitz River Steam Navigation Company, for the purpose of improving the bed of the Cowlitz River, and keeping upon it a steamboat or boats suitable for carrying freight and passengers between the two points named, upon condition that a steamer should be put upon the river within six months, and the obstructions removed in nine months, failing to do which they forfeited their charter. But this company also failed to accomplish its object. Upon condition of improving and navigating the river, the legislature of 1862-3 granted to Nathaniel Stone and his associates, under the name of the Monticello and Cowlitz Landing Steamboat Company, the exclusive right to navigate the Cowlitz. This company placed a boat on the river in the spring of 1864, when the Oregon Steam Navigation Company put on an opposition boat. The Rescue and Rainier were built for this trade. The Monticello Company filed a bill against them, and prayed for an injunction. The case was...

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Washington Insane Asylum

The legislative assembly of 1861-2 authorized the governor and auditor to contract for the care of the insane, the contract being let to the St John lunatic asylum at Vancouver, in charge of the Sisters of Charity. A fund was set aside out of the general fund of the territory to pay for their keeping, and they were kindly cared for. A memorial was forwarded to congress, asking that an appropriation might be made to erect a building somewhere on the Sound which should serve both for a marine hospital, which was needed, and an asylum for the insane. But congress had not responded, when the legislature of 1866-7 passed an act again authorizing the governor and auditor to make contracts for the care of the insane, the contractors giving bonds for the proper performance of their duties, and the law requiring them to report annually to the governor. A board of inspectors was appointed to visit the asylum quarterly, and to audit the accounts submitted by the institution. The patients were removed from St John’s, Vancouver, to a private asylum in charge of James Huntington and son, located in the Cowlitz valley opposite Monticello, where the accommodations were inadequate, and where by the unusual flood of Dec. 1867 the improvements were swept away. It was in reference to these facts that Gov. Moore called for a radical change...

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Washington Councilmen, 1879

The New Tacoma Herald, Oct. 30, 1879, is my authority for the following condensed biographies: President of the counsel, Francis H. Cook, born in Ohio; age 28; came to the territory in 1871; publisher of the Herald. Elliot Cline, born in Pennsylvania, age 60; immigrated in 1852; farmer by occupation; residence New Dungeness. J. H. Day, born in Virginia, age 60, immigrated in 1862, druggist, residence Walla Walla. S. G. Dudley, born in New York, age 45, immigrated in 1874, farmer, residence Seattle. R. O. Dunbar, born in Illinois, age 45, immigrated in 1846, lawyer, residence Goldendale. J. B. La Du, born in New York, age 45, immigrated in 1853, farmer, residence Mount Coffin. John McGlynn, born in Ireland, age 34, came in 1872, hotel- keeper, residence La Conner. L. M. Ringer, born in Virginia, age 44, came in 1873, merchant, residence Almota. A. F. Tullis, born in Indiana, age 49, immigrated in 1852, farmer, residence Chehalis. Allen Weir, chief clerk, born in California, age 25, came in 1860, publisher, residence Port Townsend. Samuel Greene, assistant clerk, born in Massachusetts, age 42, came in 1874, farmer, residence Seattle. W. R. Andrews, enrolling clerk, born in Michigan, age 28, came in 1861, lawyer, residence La Conner. Emma Knighton, born in Oregon, age 21, came in 1860, residence Olympia. J. H. Wilt, sergeant-at-arms, born in Ohio, age 26, came in 1876,...

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Leading Citizens of Spokane Falls Washington

Among the leading citizens of Washington, in addition to those mentioned elsewhere in this volume, the following residents of Spokane Falls are worthy of note: J. N. Glover, a Missourian by birth, and, it may he said, the founder of the city, settling there, or rather on its site, in 1873, and purchasing from two squatters named Downing and Scranton the tract of land on which their shanties were then the only buildings. First as the owner of a saw-mill, next as a contractor, then as the leading organizer and president of the First National Bank, and finally as mayor of Spokane, he has won for himself his well-earned wealth and reputation. In connection with the First National Bank should be mentioned Horace L. Cutter, who was also one of its organizers. A native of Cleveland, Ohio, in 1871 he removed to Colorado, on account of his health, and in the following year to California, where for eight years he was secretary of the San Jose Savings Bank. Settling at Spokane Falls in 1882, he was appointed cashier and manager of the First National, and has since been a promoter of several leading enterprises, as the electric light and cable-road companies. Ile was also one of the founders of the board of trade, of which he is treasurer, and of the public library, of which he is president. The...

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University of Washington, 1862

The legislature, in Jan. 1862, re-incorporated the university, which was previously chartered in 1860 while it was located on the Cowlitz prairie, creating a board of regents consisting of Daniel Bagley, Paul K. Hubbs, J. P. Keller, John Webster, E. Carr, Frank Clark, G. A. Meigs, Columbia Lancaster, and C. H. Hale, in whom was vested the government of the institution. Three regents were to be elected each year, the length of the terms of the first nine to be determined by lot. In case of a vacancy the governor might appoint. The regents had power to elect a president of the board, and a president of the faculty; to fix the number of assistants, and determine their salaries. They could remove either, and could appoint a secretary, librarian, treasurer, and steward, and remove the same; but the treasurer could never be, in any ease, a member of the board of regents. They were entitled to hold all kinds of estate, real, personal, or mixed, which they might acquire by purchase, donation, or devise. The money received for the sale of lands or otherwise was to be paid to the treasurer, and as much as was necessary expended by the regents in keeping up the buildings and defraying expenses; the treasurer only to give bonds, in the sum of $15,000 to the governor. There was also a board of...

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