Collection: Thirty-Third Annual Report

Progress of the Year in Indian Affairs, Memoranda

Fourth session, Thursday night, October 17 Discover your family's story. Enter a grandparent's name to get started. choose a state: Any AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE DC FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY INTL Start Now Progress Of The Year In Indian Affairs. Memoranda. Finance, The appropriations for the Indian service for the current fiscal year aggregate $9,736,186.09, an increase of nearly $700,000 over last year. The increase is caused by payments for Indian land and the capitalization of annuity funds. Education. The need of a compulsory school law applicable to Indians is reiterated. Not that force would be frequently resorted to, or that it would be harshly used, but to give a more authoritative backing to the moral suasion now used. The superintendent of Haskell Institute, Lawrence, Kans., reports that 176 out of 180 agents, school superintendents, and school supervisors favor such a law. Idaho has already passed an act ” compelling the attendance of children at schools where tuition, lodging, food, and clothing are furnished at the expense of the United States or the State of Idaho.” Punishment for noncompliance is to be by fines varying from $5...

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President Gates Opens last Session

Sixth session, Friday night, October 18. After the singing of a hymn by Mr. Frank Wright the last session of the conference was called to order at 8 o’clock. President Gates. In the words and the music of the beautiful Christian song to which we have just listened, fraught as they are with tender feeling, there is nothing incongruous with the practical aims and the careful discussions of our conference. On the contrary, we can not see our work in its true light unless we look upon our efforts for the less favored races in the heavenly light of that uplifting hope which has traversed the world since the “Light of the World” was lifted up on Calvary. It is only in the light of His teaching that the brotherhood of men and the blessed fellowship of unselfish service have begun to be revealed to the nations have taken captive the heart and life of His chosen servants, the world’s truest benefactors in all the ages. In one of those moments of unexpected and delightful interchange of thought about the highest and best objects, which, coming suddenly to us in flashes of social intercourse here, are a chief charm of these conferences, a friend who has done loving work of investigation in the history of Christian missionary effort was speaking with me today of the glorious impressiveness of the...

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List of Officers Connected with the United States Indian Service

List Of Officers Connected With The United States Indian Service, Including Agents, Superintendents, Inspectors, Special Agents, And Supervisors Of Indian Schools. [Corrected to February 20, 1902.] William A. Jones, Commissioner 1334 Vermont avenue A. Clarke Tonner, Assistant Commissioner 1916 Sixteenth street N W. Miss Estelle Reel, superintendent of Indian schools Arlington Hotel Chiefs Of Divisions. Finance Samuel E. Slater 1415 S street NW, Land Chas. F. Larrabee 1514 Twenty-first street NW. Accounts Chas. H. Dickson. 201 A street SE. Education Josiah H. Dortch 2931 Fifteenth street N W. Files Lewis Y. Ellis 101 Eleventh street SE. Miscellaneous M. S. COOK, stenographer in charge 1328 Twelfth street NW. Inspectors. Walter H. Graves Colorado Cyrus Beede Iowa James McLaughlin North Dakota J. George Wright South Dakota Charles F. Nesler New Jersey Arthur M. Tinker Massachusetts James E. Jenkins Iowa Special Agents. Samuel L. Taggart Iowa Eugene MacComas Illinois Daniel W. Manchester Ohio Charles S. McNicnols Arizona Frank M. Conser Ohio Supervisors Of Indian Schools. Albert O. Wright Wisconsin Edwin L. Chalcraft Washington Millard F. Holland Maryland John Charles (Construction) Wisconsin Egbert M. Pringle (Engineering) Missouri Superintendents Of Indian Warehouses. Koger C. Spooner 235 Johnson Street, Chicago, Ill. Louis L. Bobbins 77 And 79 Wooster Street, New York, N. Y. Richard C. Jordan 815 And 817 Howard Street, Omaha, Nebr. Superintendent Insane Asylum, Canton, S. Dak. Oscar S. Gifford South Dakota Members...

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Indian Territory Under the Curtis Act and Subsequent Legislation

Education. Under the Government supervision which has been exercised for three years great improvements have been made in the schools among the Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws and the antagonism with which Government oversight was at first received is growing less. Normal schools and examinations have raised the grade of teachers, manual training has been encouraged, school funds have been honestly and fairly disbursed, and better schools have cost less per capita than under the old regime. A few towns have been able to raise funds by taxation to support public schools, but as a rule the 119,000 white children in the Indian Territory are without any chance for schooling. Mineral leases. Under seventy-one leases approved by the Department coal is being mined in the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations, and the royalties collected during the year, at the rate of 8 cents per ton, have amounted to $198,449. There are also ten other companies operating under contracts made directly with the tribes before the passage of the Curtis Act. A small amount of asphalt is also being mined there. Some coal, under temporary permission, is being mined on Cherokee lands. Town sites are being surveyed and platted in all the nations except the Seminole. Timber and stone are being taken out by contract from the Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek nations. Seminoles. The roll of the Seminoles has been made,...

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Indian Industries

Second session, Wednesday night, October 16, 1901. After the singing of some Scotch songs by Mrs. Hector Hall, the conference was called to order at 8 o’clock by the Chair. Mrs. F. N. Doubleday was introduced. Indian Industries. Mrs. F. N. Doubleday, New York. Let us begin where I left off last year, when I had been speaking to this conference about basket making and other Indian industries. Before I had reached the door Commissioner Jones came forward and wanted to know what could be done to preserve them; how there could be cooperation through Washington. Miss Keel has been trying to get basketry introduced into Government schools, and in two of the larger ones it is now practiced. The following story throws some light on the slow progress made elsewhere: A graduate of Columbia had been highly recommended by his professors for industrial training, and Miss Reel would gladly engage him, but when he found the salary for teaching Indians is only $600 a year, as there are more positions for from $900 to $2,000 in Eastern cities than Columbia can supply, the Indians are not likely to secure the best industrial teachers. There has been a beautiful spirit of cooperation in this work. A letter went from the Indian Office to the field matrons, urging them, as they went about among the tepees and wakeups, to do...

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Letter From Senator Dawes

Third session, Thursday morning, October 17. The following letter from Hon. Henry L. Dawes, who was unable to attend the conference, was read by Dr. Foster: Pittsfield, Mass.., October 15, 1901. My Dear Mr. Smiley: I had anticipated much pleasure in meeting at another of your delightful conferences coworkers in the cause, and in renewing most valuable friendships there formed, but an unexpected delay in business connected with the Indian Territory compels me to remain at home. I cannot, however, keep out of mind the range of discussion and the importance of questions likely to come before that body for discussion. Since I cannot listen, I venture to put on paper briefly some few words expressive of my views of what has been and what is yet to be done before the work shall be complete. In the first place, permit me to congratulate the conference upon the most gratifying evidence, coming from all quarters, of healthy progress and important results attendant upon efforts that have been put forth in recent years for the care of the Indian race in our midst. Results are the best test of wisdom in all effort. A retrospect of less than twenty-five years covers the entire period since the work in which you are engaged, of making a self-supporting citizenship of the Indian race in this country, was begun. And history nowhere records...

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Miss Constance G. Du Bois, Interested in the Mission Indians of California

The Mission Indians Of California. We regret that no satisfactory provision seems to be made for the pressing need of homes for the Mission Indians of California. Our inquiries lead us to the belief that the cessation of all attempts (some four or five years ago) to continue the work of surveying and allotting the land belonging to the Mission Indians was needless, and not for good reason. We think that the surveying and allotting for these Indians should be at once resumed and the work carried forward and completed in California. The Chair introduced Miss Constance G. Du Bois as a lady especially interested in the Mission Indians of California. Miss Du Bois. This last summer I visited the Indians living in the remote reservations far beyond the tourists’ line of travel. The crying need among these Indians is not unknown to the Government. A special recommendation was sent a few years ago to the Indian Office in order that there might be additional land secured for them in the Campo region. These little Indian places are very different from those that lie nearer the white man’s land down on the orange belt quarter. Very few reservations are adequate to the support of the Indians. If the Indians had no opportunity of going away to work I do not know of any which would be adequate. Some of...

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Indian Agents and the Spoils System

Third session, Thursday morning, October 17. Hon. William Dudley Foulke was then introduced as the next speaker. Indian Agents And The Spoils System By Hon. William Dudley Foulke. I cannot conceive of any time more favorable for effective work than the present. There is now at the head of the Indian Bureau a man whom you know well, and in whom you have confidence. There is at the head of the Interior Department a man whom I know to be conscientiously desirous of doing his duty, whether to his own advantage or disadvantage, in regard to the red man as well as the white; and there is at the head of our Government the Chief Executive of the United States a man who has appeared at previous conferences, and shown his interest in the Indians; a man whose name stands as the synonym for civic righteousness. So this is the time for work. The spoils system has been the lion in the way. I had occasion not long ago to look over the list of changes of Indian agents made during the past three or four administrations, and I found that in Mr. Cleveland’s first administration, among 60 agents, all were changed but 2; in Mr. Harrison’s administration there were 76 changes, and only 8 were suffered to remain; during Mr. Cleveland’s second term there were 81 changes, and...

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Address of Hon. James Sherman of New York

Chairman House Committee on Indian Affairs. Mr. Moderator, for there seems to be so much of the Christian spirit in this conference that I think I may address you as such, without meaning in the least to criticize what in legislative parlance we would call “the steering committee,” I desire to say that the position in which they put me first, to speak yesterday morning, then in the evening and then this morning, and at last to be introduced at 14 minutes before 10 this evening reminds me somewhat of an anecdote I heard of a German member of an orchestra who was criticized by his manager for being habitually tardy. The manager told him that there was too much of ” dis tardy beesnes,” and he threatened him that unless he could be prompt he would be discharged. The man appeared on time for a week, when the manager said to him, “Hans, I discover what you turn over those other leaf. I notice you was early of late. You vas always been behind before; I am glad you vas first at last.” Introduced in the complimentary way in which I have been by your chairman calls to my mind a circumstance that a charming guest of Mr. Smiley’s related to me this afternoon of her embarrassment in not being able to discover whether Mr. Smiley was himself...

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Address of Hon. William A. Jones, Commissioner of Indian Affairs

I asked General Whittlesey to read to you the resume of the work done by the Indian Office during the last year, as he had already been furnished by the office with data bearing on the subject. However, upon listening to the reading of his paper I notice one important omission of what has been done, and that is the inauguration of a system for keeping records of marriages, births, and deaths. This I consider one of the most important steps taken for some time, and it was largely owing to the persistent efforts of Dr. Gates, secretary of the board of Indian commissioners. This system is as nearly complete as we could make it under existing conditions. While it does not have the force of a statute, it is a great step in advance, and if faithfully adhered to by the agents it will answer all immediate necessities. An effort will be made during the coming session of Congress to have some law enacted embodying the principal features of this system. Very many of the agents have indorsed their approval and are doing their utmost to carry out faithfully the instructions issued. Some have written in somewhat of a discouraging spirit as to their ability to enforce these regulations, but I feel sure that, after they have once started, good results will be obtained. Before entering upon any...

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Miss Frances Sparhawk and The Indian Industries League

Fourth session, Thursday night, October 17. After some singing by Rev. Frank Wright, the Conference was called to order by the Chair at 8 p. m. Miss Frances Sparhawk was invited to speak on Indian industries. The Indian Industries League. By Frances Sparhawk. The object of the league is to open individual opportunities of work to individual Indians, and to build up self-supporting industries in Indian communities. In many communities the native Indian industries are especially adapted to this purpose. The league, in fostering these and other industries, holds it of the first importance to replace the desultory work of the Indians by the regularity of the white man’s occupation, that habits of industry may be attained. And it will labor to that end. The league has been in communication with the honorable Commissioner of Indian Affairs, with Government matrons, and with missionaries upon the reservations, and others, to learn the opportunities for systematic industrial work among the Indians. In 1889, by a loan of money to the famous workers among the Cheyenne and Arapahoe at Colony, Oklahoma the Rev. and Mrs. Walter C. Roe the league stimulated that industry just at the time that it most needed help. Since then the league has secured for this beadwork, from a large Boston firm, orders to the amount of almost $1,000, with prospect of continuance of orders. Also, by teaching...

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Dr. Lucien C. Warner, New York

Dr. Lucien C. Warner, New York. It has been my privilege to spend about two weeks in traveling through the Sioux Reservation, and I want to speak especially of the Standing Rock Agency, where there are about 4,000 Indians. It is a grazing country, where it is impossible to raise any crops. Grain and vegetables do not succeed oftener than once in three years. There is no water outside the river and wells, and the water of the wells is often so mineral that it destroys the grass. If you were to give land in severalty and fence off the portion next to water, the rest would be worthless. It must be used for grazing in large parcels. For the Indians to get a living by grazing is not so simple as it might at first appear. I made inquiries as to how much land it would take to keep one cow, and the very best informed men assured me it would take 25 acres. With 160 acres a man could keep 6 cows, but if he had to buy wheat and potatoes, and could raise nothing but meat, that would not be enough to support a family; it would hardly support a single person. Most of the Indians have only 2 or 3 cows, though some have as many as 20 or 30. They realize that only by...

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Clothing and Other Goods Rejected at New York Warehouse

The failure of the Bay State Clothing Company, who had the contract for suits of clothing for the boys, to furnish garments equal in value to the samples submitted was an occasion of much difficulty at the New York warehouse, commencing in the month of September. The quality of the cloth used was, perhaps, up to the standard, but the goods lacked finish and were not equal in weight, while the material used for lining was inferior, and the garments were made in a slovenly and cheap manner. The inspector in charge, Mr. Dewitt C. Whiteman, passed the first delivery of clothing and also a very inferior article of cloth in the piece in fulfillment of the contract for “cadet gray “”cloth. The objections of Superintendent Robbing were unheeded and the goods were shipped. The superintendent wrote to Commissioner Jones at Washington and also informed Mr. James in New York, with whom he had an understanding that when another delivery was made he was to be notified. At the next delivery Mr. James examined the clothing, also the cloth sent to fill the contract for ” cadet gray,” all of which were found to be below standard. Mr. James ordered that they be not accepted and that no shipment be made, and informed Commissioner Jones of what he had done, who, on coming to New York and examining for...

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Address, Colonel Pratt, Superintendent Carlisle School

I feel greatly honored by being allowed to speak after my chief. I shall not talk long. If I had prepared a paper to read here, as I had intended, after listening to what I have heard I would not read it. I invite the attention of the older members of the conference to the fact that in the earliest days, when we had long discussions on land in severalty, I advocated the allotment of alternate sections to Indians and whites. I have never changed my mind about that. All said here tonight has been helpful to that view. The example, the association, the contact of the Indian with our white farmers, our industries, our life, produce the most rapid civilization. It breaks up prejudice and brings the two races into sympathy with each other. In the general arrangement, public schools where Indians and whites attend bring the children of the two races together, and soon the need for special Indian schools will pass away. I do not agree with my chief about the usefulness of reservation schools, nor that material uplift can be accomplished in the home on the reservation. All our experiences prove the folly of such hopes. Go to the reservations in this great Empire State, where they have had schools for eight years, and look at the conditions there. Knowing the situation almost everywhere, because...

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