Collection: Letterbooks of William Henry Lyttleton

1758, July 30, Fort Loudoun

Sir on the 20th jnstant arrived here the Express with Letters from your Excellency, and according your orders, the next Day j Sent to Chotee, to acquaint old Hopp and the rest of the Warriours, that j had Letters to Communicate to them, and desired them to appointd the Day and Place where we shoul meet. old Hopp sent me word, that he should be glad to see me ar Chotee on the 21_h accordingly j went with Ensn. Coytmore and Dr. Anderson, and in my way j took little Carpenter with me. when we came there, old Hopp Said, j am affraid my Brother, the Governer, has heard of the Behaviour of Som of our People, but j protest j am innocent of it, and wish that great many more had Suffered for their bad Conduct. When j had read to them what had happened in Virginia, and all their Recontees, they Seemed to be Sorry for it, and old Hopp Said, j told them when they went away, to be kind to the White People, but some will be Rogues; and we have to many amongst us, Expecialy the lower Towns; on which j tolk him that Some of Satico had been cncerned with the rest, and that j was well informed that they had brought with them great Quantity of Goods, belonging to the White People....

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1758, June 24, Fort Loudoun

Sir As Mr. Elliot is going to town j take this opportunity, to acquaint your Excellency, that on the 25th ultimate, john Brown and McClain, another Villian like him, j being afraid to be talen up Stold Horses & went away, a little Distance from the Fort, they met a Soldier Thos. Thompson of my Company who was looking after a Horse, they persuaded him to go with them to look after Beavers Traps, great Search was made after the Soldier, and jndian the night after said that Brown had hired him, to go with him down the River for Some Beavers Traps, that hw was Surprised to See them ride So hard, for theu went to a place, where the little Carpenter had left Some Canoes when he cam from War, which is 50 Miles from hence. He said that when they saw the Canow, they seemed very glad, they wanted him to go with them in the Canoe a little further, but he did not like their talk, he saw them going down the River, he then being afraid to stay there by himself, as it is the Enemy Path, he took one of the best Horses, and came away as fast as he could. Immediately j sent to old Hop and Standing Turkey to tell them what had happened, and promised 300 weight of Leather to...

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1758, September 30, Fort Loudoun

Sir A few Days after enfion Coytmore went from hence Richard Smith the Linguifter came here from Fort Cumberland with a letter to Old Hop from the late Governour Mr. Glen to invite the Cherokees to go to War with the General against the French. They debated on the Subject a few Days, at last the Little Carpenter said he would go; and fixed on the twentieth of August for his Journey. He beat up for Volunteers, and went away with thirty. I received a Letter from your Excellency the Difturbances between the People in Virginia and thefe People have greatly increafed. The Indians complain that a great Number of them is killed, and feveral came Home wounded. The Party that went with Colonel Byrd is returned. They say that when they were pafsing thro’ Bedford County they met several White Men in Arms, and Thomas Beamer, who was with them as Linguifter, told the White People that they need not be afraid of them, and shewed them Orders to provide them with Necefsaries on their Way Home. But notwithftanding his orders, next Morning when they were a little Diftance the White People followed them fired upon them, and killed three of them. They came home very much enraged and talked very loudly for Revenge. It is also further reported that eight or nine more have been killed lately,...

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1759, November 23, Fort Loudoun

Sir I have Received your Dispatch of the 12th Instant and immediately I sent for the Little Carpenter, to give him your Excellency’s Talk: He seem’d to be well pleased when he heard that you was taking away the Black Beads from the string of white Wampum that you gave him, but finding that your Excellency was not mentioning to him that you wou’d be glad to see him, he grew thoughtfull on which we put at the bottom of your Talk that when you shou’d be at Keowee, you wou’d send for him with the rest of the Warriors. Now, said he, I am quite satisfied and well plesed and I am going to send a Runner to Willeway, to tel him to come immediately, and we shall consult together and do everything for the best. There are but few men in the Towns. They are all a hunting; but I am told, that Runners have been sent every where, to order them to come to their Towns. The Indians have not brought yet Charles McCunninghill to the Fort. Two days ago the Little Carpenter told me to sent five or Six men to his House, and that he wou’d hide them, and at the same time he wou’d send for McCunningham, and tell him he had something to say to him, which accordingly I did but some...

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1759, December 4, Fort Loudoun

Sir I have Received your Dispatches of Nov. 23d that your Excellency sent b John Elliot: Some time before I had sent Macklemore with a Letter, but when he came to Highwafsee, he hearing that a great many indians were on the Path, in their way to Keowee, he was afraid to go further, and came back again. Mr. Elliot arrived here the 30th Ult. And the Little Carptenter was sent for immediately, when he heard that your Excellency wou’d be glad to see him, he said that his Gang was not yet come from hunting and shou’d be very glad to have them along with him, but (sais he) I hope they will be hear in two or three Days, and then I shall set off: and desired me to keep the Exprefs to go along with him. Yesterday he came to the Fort and said that his People were not yet come but Notwithstanding he wou’d set off this Day with Willeleway and two or three more: for (sais he) I find that Old Hop, grows more and more a Rogue every Day, and I am very well inform’d that he is very angrey with me, because I went to warr against the French and hafve killed severall, and that I have spoiled him scheim, and farther said, that if I was going any more to warr...

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1759, December 7, Fort Loudoun Letter 1

Sir As the Little Carpenter is going down this Day to Keowee to see your Excellency: He has desired me to write by him, he sets off without speaking to Old Hop and the rest of the Heardmen because he thinks that they are not well intentioned, and he did not choose to have any talk from them. I do sincerely believe that his intentions are good, but it is hard to judge of Indians sincerity. I believe he wishes that your Excellency wou’d appoint him Governor in the Room of Old Hop, to have the Management of these People I do not hear any bad Talks, from any of the Indians, but from those who have been guilty of Murder and other Crimes, especially from Settico, and some of them have been as bold as to say that they wou’d meet your Excellency on Chesnut Hill, and dispute the Pafsage with you; but I hope it will be nothing. I am with Great Respect Sir Your Most Obedient and Humble Servant Paul...

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1759, December 7, Fort Loudoun Letter 3

Sir This will be delivered by the Carpenter who setts out this morning with a firm Resolution of accomodating matters with your Excellency, he Expects that the Transgrefsors will be Demmanded and has just told me that his Voice will be for Delivering them. He may at first plead for them as he Affects popularity; but I am Confident he will fall in to all your Excellency’s measures. he goes without speaking to, or Reccuring any mefsage from Old hop. And Says that he only wants for Orders from Your Excy. to take upon thim the Execution of the Old Fellows office. This at present is the Grand ___ourt he has in view. We hear nothing worth Communicating many Idle Stories flying about amongst the Indians Suggested by their fears I am with the Greatest Respect Sir Your Excellency’s most obedient & most humblefer John Stuart Fort Loudoun 7th Decem 1759 To His Excelly Governor...

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1760, January 25

Sir I received the 15th instant your Letter of the 29th Ult. I attempted severall times write to your Excellency, after the Little Carpenter went down, but I was always prevented by the treachery of our Indians. Sometimes by the path being way laid, that no Letters shou’d be carried down; finding all was in vain, I sent for the Seed, who had lately come from Warr, and had brought threejndians Prisoners, and five Scalps; and asked him whether he was going down to Keowee, he told me he shou’d be very glad to go to wait on your Excellency, and desired me to give him a Letter, and he wou’d set out next Day, which accordingly I did; but Old Hop who has his Spys every where, surmising that he was to go down Sent for him that Evening, and asked him, whether he was going to Keowee or no, he answer’d yes, on which Old Hop told him, what says he, do you want to steal yourself from me like a Rogue; you shall not go, til the Standing Turkey goes, and the nexct Day he brought me the Letter back again: as I cou’d not suceed that way , I sent for Charles Macklemore, and asked him, whether he wou’d carry a Letter to Keowee, and pafs in the Night by the Town; He told me,...

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1759, December 12, Fort Loudoun

Sir I have Received a Letter from Lieut. Coytmore of the 6th Instant by John Arcy, by which he acquaints Me, that your Excellency’s Orders were: that Old Hop shou’d b informed that the Little Carpenter, of any other Head Man, shou’d be appointed, to come down to Keowee with Power to settle matters, as shou’d be found requisat to make things Straight, as He himself was present. Accordingly I sent for him to come to the Fort, and that I had a Letter to communicate to him; but the Old Fellow sent me severall excuses, saying that it was cold Weather, and that he had the care of a littlechild, therefore he cou’d not come. As it hapned then that the Warrior of Tennesee, and the Great Warrior’s Mephew were at my House, I acquainted them, with what Old Hop had said; and farther told them, that as the Old Fellow by his severall talks, had made the Path bloody, it was not My businefs to go to him, but for him to come to the fort to me, to hear what your Excelleny required: and that his excuse at this present time, look’d very foolish, by saying that he was to look after a Child, when the Governor of South Carolina, hath left his Province, and was come as far as Keowee, with all the Head Men...

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1759, December 7, Fort Loudoun Letter 2

Sir This well be delivered by the Carpenter who Setts out this morning with a firm Resolution of accomodating matters with Your Excellency, he Expects that the Transgrefsors witll be Demmanded and has Just told me that his Voice will be for Delivering them he may at first plead for them as he Affects popularity, but I am confident he will fall into all your Excellency’s measures, he Goes without Speaking to, or Receiving any mefsage from Old Hop and Says that he only waits for orders from Your Exey to take upon him the Execution of the Old Fellows office. This at present is the Grand point he has in View. We hear nothing with worth Communicating many Idle Stories flying about amongst the Indians suggested by their fears. I am with the Greatest Respect Your Excellency’s most obedient & most humble Sert John Stuart Fort Loudoun 7th Decem. 1759 To His Excelly Govenor...

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8 May 1759, Fort Loudon

We have been to y French fort and no Succefs. Y reason of it wafs, while 42 of our brefkost Younge fellows was waiting about the fort, and y rest of us within Eight Mile of it with our canoes at camp, gooding Stole one of the cannos and wone of our people that wafs Lurking About y fort See the French Indians beat him, the outside of y fort, he stole away with him 2 of our jndians Bundles, y French and Indians purfued our People from y fort on the information Gooding Gave Them. We Left our Cannoes about 30 Miles from y French fort and traveld by land we hope to be at home in 20 days The woods being very difficult to travel and we are al strangers to y way and will inform you of Every Matter. Wm. Shorie To Capt. Paul Demere Commanding Officer at Fort Loudoun Letter from Wm. Shorie to Capt. Paul Demere at Fort Loudon dated 8th May 1759...

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1759, February 26, Fort Loudoun

Sir j send by the Expres a little Bundle with 3 Skins, which j desire your Excellency to accept them, the Revd. Mr. Richardson who Some before went to Keowee told me, he would take care of them, that poor Gentleman has been obliged to go away, j belive he was afraid to Stay any longer among them, they never would hear him preach, they Said he ______ ______ ____ to great hoary, and it would be time _______, when little Carpenter Should come Home. ____ ____ what to thinck of their Behaviour. They have been always Eashy and quiet. J am told that the Raison of their Sudden change, was, that they thought that the Provinciats when they came at first were Dutchmen,and that great Number were Coming after them. And that the King’s Soldiers were not dressed like them, j have done what j Could to persuad them of the Contrairy, and they are more quiet. When the Hoggs Drivers were passing by Talico, Some of the you Fellows were Sawcy and trew some Stones at them. J complained to the Head Men of the in the Manner that they did. Immediately the Head Men found out those that had done it, had them in the Town House, and Scrached them dry and one of them being absent they took his Brother and Acrached him in the...

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Muster Roll of Captain John Stuarts Company

A Muster Roll of Captain John Stuarts Compy beginning July 15, 1756 & Ending March 25, 1757 both days . . Served Mo. …. Men’s Names Entered Discharged Mo. Days . Sum’s due 1756 John Gotsen, Serj. July 16 March 17 8 13 £20 £168. 13.4 Mich. Brannon, Serj 19 8 2 161.6.8 John Roberts, Corp. 16 8 15 126.10 John Miller, Corp.  27 8 2  121. Archibald Watson, Drum  24 8 5 122.10 Laurance Masterson 16 8 13 126.10 Milcher Locker 17 March 17  8 4  122. James Road 17 8 12 126. Joseph Vert 17 8 12 126. Thomas Mills 17 8 12  126. Jacob Glaughenberg 17 8 12 126. James Murphy 20 Dec. 27 5 11 80.10 John Purcell 20 8 9 124.10 George Spencer 20 24 12. ?Ryan Roark 21 8 8 124. Henry Maxwell 21 8 8 124. Dan McCloughlan 21 Aug. 19 1 15. John Harris 21 21 1 3 16.10 Andrew Hogstatter 22 8 7 123.10 Roger Cannon 24 Febry 12 6 24 102. Barth Smith 24 7 6 19 99.10 Edward Monnahan 25 8 4 122. Mich. McInfach 26 8 3 121.10 Thomas Kelly 26 8 3 121.10 John Wood 27 Dec. 7 6 17 98.10 Mich Miller 26 8 3 121.10 John Bower 26 8 3 121.10 Mich. Calfield 27 8 2 121. Jacob Rough 27 8 2 121. John...

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1759, November 15, Fort Loudoun

Sir Mr. Elliot came to this Fotrt yesterday and Brought to Captain Demere a Copy of your Excellency’s Letter to Mr. Coytmore Captain Bemere having been indisposed Some days has desired me to acquaint your Excellency that theere are not Twelve indians in these over_ill Towns. But are all out a hunting. And yesterday before Elliot’s Arrival the Carpenter went out for a Short hunt of four days, we have dispatched a Runner for him as Elliot has brought your Exxcelly’s talk to the middle Settlement Indians, which Cap’ Demere propose reading to him if he Return before Mr. Elliot sells off, as he would be glad to Communicate to you what he can Learn of his thoughts upon the measures taken. Iff he does not Return in time he will Endeavour to gett him to Dispatch a Runner to your Excelly: with a Letter. He Likewise desires I would Acquaint your Excelly: that we are Salting up all the Catlle but that the quantity of Salt in the fort will not be Sufficient our flour will not hold out many Days but he has Secured about 600 Bushells of Indian Corn, on the whole we have provisions for six months We are Laying in a Stock of wood in Case of the worst and Captain Demere intends to Examin the Puncheons and Replace Such of them as are...

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1759, February 27, Fort Loudoun

Sir I received you Dispatches of the 2nd Inst. The 25th Last month I acquainted you Excellency that the Great Warriour had disappointed me in not going to Warr as he promised, Giving out in the town Houses that a Great many white people where coming up to destoy them from Charlestown, On which their Young people grew very Imertinent Threatening to kill the white people here, & then Stop the Communication between their & Keowee, the Same day the Exprefs left this I Send the Linguister to Chattuga, to see if Thickleggs, a warriour of that town wou’d go to war as he promised me Some time before, Heme word he was proud of the Opportunity & that in Six day’s he wou’d come & let me Know when he would Seet off and & haw many he should Carry with him. He Accordingly came as he promised, we agreed on what he was to have & he was to take three white men along with him, he told me he had heard bad talk’s in all their Towns & that their Warriours did not Chuse their Young People Should go to Warr but that he did not regard there Talk’s because he belived they were Si____, While he was in the Fort Old Hopp & the Great Warriour Sent to Chattuga & took away the war hatchets...

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