Treaty of June 1, 1816
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A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded at St. Louis, between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said states, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors, representing eight bands of the Siouxs, composing the three tribes called the Siouxs of the Leaf, the Siouxs of the Broad Leaf, and the Siouxs who shoot in the Pine Tops, on the part and behalf of their said tribes, of the other part.
The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribes, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:
Article I. Every injury or act of hostility, committed by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.
Article II. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States, and all the individuals composing the aforesaid tribes; and all the friendly relations that existed between them before the war shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.
Article III. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their tribes respectively, do, by these presents, confirm to the United States all and every cession, or cessions, of land heretofore made by their tribes to the British, French, or Spanish government, within the limits of the United States or their territories; and the parties here contracting do, moreover, in the sincerity of mutual friendship, recognize, re-establish, and confirm, all and every treaty, contract, and agreement, heretofore concluded between the United States and the said tribes or nations.
Article IV. The undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, for themselves and their said tribes, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.
In witness whereof, the commissioners aforesaid, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this first day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.
Tatamanee, the Marching Wind, his x mark
Warmadearwarup, the Man who looks at the Calumet Eagle, his x mark
Peneshon, his x mark
Kanggawashecha, or French Crow, his x mark
Eanggamanee, the Runner, his x mark
Tatangascartop, the Playing Buffalo, his x mark
Tatangamarnee, the Walking Buffalo, or Red Wing, his x mark
Warseconta, who shoots in the Pine tops, his x mark
Weeshto, the Shoulder, his x mark
Warmarnosa, the Thief, his x mark
Shutkaongka, the Bird on the Limb, his x mark
Shakaska, White Nails, his x mark
Shuskamanee, the Walking Bird, his x mark
Manakohomonee, the Turning Iron, his x mark
Oocus, the Watchman, his x mark
Pahataka, the Humming Bird, his x mark
Eaohungko, the Man who marches quick, his x mark
Medermee, the Muddy Lake, his x mark
Tatawaka, the Medicine Wind, his x mark
Warshushasta, the Bad Hail, his x mark
Eoshark, the Belly-Ache, his x mark
Tuquaacundup, the Doctor, his x mark
Onudokea, the Fluttering Eagle, his x mark
Tusarquarp, he that walks with a Cane, his x mark
Markpeasena, the Black Cloud, his x mark
Warksuamanee, the Man who is sick when he walks, his x mark
Otanggamanee, the Man with a strong voice, his x mark
Hungkrehearpee, or the Half of his Body Gray, his x mark
Warpearmusee, the Iron Cloud, his x mark
Etoagungamanee, the White Face, his x mark
Warchesunsapa, the Negro, his x mark
Ehaarp, the Climber, his x mark
Nahre, the Shifting Shadow, his x mark
Hapula, the fourth Son, his x mark
Marcawachup, the Dancer, his x mark
Shantanggaup, the Big Tree, his x mark
Shongkaska, the White Big-eared Dog, his x mark
Hasanee, the Buffalo with one Horn, his x mark
Narissakata, the Old Man who can hardly walk, his x mark
Aearpa, the Speaker, his x mark
Muckpeasarp, the Black Cloud, his x mark
Done at St. Louis, in the presence of:
R. Wash, Secretary to the Commission
R. Paul, C. T. of the C.
Wm. O. Allen, Captain U. S. Corps Artillery
H. S. Geyer
Joshua Norvell, Judge Advocate M. M. N. Boilvin, Agent
Thomas Forsyth, Indian Agent
Henry Delorier, interpreter
Pierre Lapointe, interpreter
Samuel Solomon, interpreter
Jacques Mette, interpreter