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San Arcs Indians, San Arcs Indian Tribe (French trans. of Itazipcho ‘without bows,’ from itazipa, ‘bow,’ and cho, abbrev of chodan, ;without;). A band of the Teton Sioux, Hayden about 1860, says that they and the Hunkpapa and Sihasapa “occupy nearly the same district and are so often camped near each other, and are otherwise so connected in their operations as scarcely to admit of being treated separately.” On the other hand, Warren (Dacota Country) indicates that their closest relations were with the Miniconjou.
San Arcs Divisions
Their divisions as given by Swift in a letter to Dorsey (1884) are:
- Itazipcho (Without bows);
- Shinalutaoin (Scarletcloth earring);
- Wolutayuta (Eat-dried venison-from-the-hind-quarter);
- Mazpegnaka (Wear-metal-in-the-hair);
- Tatankachesli (Dung-of-a-buffalo-bull) ;
- Shikshichela (Bad-ones-of-different-kinds)
- Tiyopaoshanunpa (Smokes-at-the-entrance-to-the-lodge
San Arcs Treaties
The Sans Arcs entered into a peace treaty with the United States at Ft Sully, South Dakota, Oct. 20, 1865, and were a party also to the treaty of Ft Laramie, Wyoming, Apr. 29, 1868.