It is asserted by the women at Bayou Lacomb that the Choctaw year was divided into twelve moons; but it is highly probable that thirteen not twelve is correct. The native method of reckoning the divisions of the year is no longer practiced, or do the present Choc­taw remember the names of all the moons; they assert, however, that the year begins in December instead of the first of January. The only names they can recall are

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Choctaw Divisions of Year

English MonthChoctaw MonthEnglish Translation
DecemberUna’fa hasheCold moon
FebruaryHashe kapo’shaMoon of snow
MarchHash’mahaleMoon of wind
AprilTans hasheCorn [planting] moon
JulyHash’ luwakMoon of fire


The year is divided into two seasons, which in turn are subdivided, making four seasons in all:

Choctaw Seasons

SeasonChoctaw Season
SpringTofa ape
SummerTofa laspa
AutumnUnafa ape
WinterUnafa kapese