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Chickasaw Indian Gentes

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According to Morgan (Anc. Society, 163, 1878) the Chickasaw were divided into 12 gentes, arranged in 2 phratries, as follows:

I-Koi, Panther

  1. Koinchnsh, Wild cat
  2. llatakfushi, Bird
  3. Nunni, Fish
  4. Issi, Deer

II. Ishpanee, Spanish:

  1. Shauee, Raccoon
  2. Ishpanee, Spanish
  3. Mingko, Royal
  4. Hushkoni, Skunk
  5. Tunni, Squirrel
  6. Hochouchabba, Alligator
  7. Nashola, Wolf
  8. Chuhhla, Blackbird

The list given by Gibbs (Gatschet, Creek Migr. Leg., I, 96, 1884) follows:

I.-Panther phratry, Koa:

  1. Kointchush, Wild cat
  2. Fushi, Bird
  3. Nanni, Fish
  4. Issi, Deer

II. Spanish phratry, Ishpani

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  1. Shawi, Raccoon
  2. Ishpani, Spanish
  3. Mingo, Royal
  4. Huskoni
  5. Tunni, Squirrel
  6. Hotchon tehapa, Alligator
  7. Nashoba, Wolf
  8. Tchu’hla, Blackbird

Mingos or chiefs could be chosen only front the “Spanish” gens, and were hereditary in the female line. The name must formerly have been different or this rule must have been established after the coming of the Spaniards.


MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 28 July 2016.
https://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/chickasaw-indian-gentes.htm
- Last updated on Aug 11th, 2012

This page is part of a larger collection. Access the full collection at Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico.

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