“The present reservations of the Bloods (Kainau), and North Blackfeet, in the Province of Alberta, Canada, are along the same rivers, where their ancestors camped. The Piegans became subdivided into North and South Piegans, the former in Alberta, and the latter in North-western Montana.” 1The Old North Trail by Walter McClintock, pub. MacMillan and Co., Limited, St. Martin’s Street, London, 1910.

The Blackfeet Reservation was established when the treaty of 17 Oct. 1855 was entered into on the shores of Judith River, in what was in 1855, the Territory of Nebraska. 2Treaty With The Blackfeet, October 17, 1855, AccessGenealogy, online Data last viewed on 1 July 2013. This Treaty has been assigned a variety of names over the years, and may be known as the “Lame Bull Treaty,” the “Blackfoot Peace Treaty” and the “Judith River Treaty. However, the actual boundaries for this reservation was established in the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1851. And is described as such in that document:

The territory of the Blackfeet Nation, commencing at the mouth of Muscle-shell River; thence up the Missouri River to its source; thence along the main range of the Rocky Mountains, in a southerly direction, to the head-waters of the northern source of the Yellowstone River; thence down the Yellowstone River to the mouth of Twenty-five Yard Creek; thence across to the head-waters of the Muscle-shell River, and thence down the Muscle-shell River to the place of beginning. 3Treaty of Fort Laramie with Sioux, etc. September 17, 1851, AccessGenealogy, online Data last viewed on 1 July 2013.

In the 1855 treaty, the Blackfoot nation (comprising of the Piegans) “consent and agree” to set apart a common hunting ground for several nations and tribes who signed onto the treaty. This hunting ground could not be settled upon by the Blackfoot, nor could they settle within 10 miles of its northern boundaries. 4Treaty With The Blackfeet, October 17, 1855, Ibid. Setting this portion of the tribal lands apart from their exclusive usage, was intended to diffuse the claims made by other tribes that the Blackfoot had no exclusive right to the common hunting grounds, and to establish peace between the Blackfoot and the tribes which also used those hunting grounds.

Like the treaties of many Nations, the original allotted lands were quickly diminished through newer treaties and Acts of Congress, until the present day when the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana consists of about 1.4 million acres. I won’t go into detail here about each and every treaty, but if you’d like to further research this topic then you should search the following treaties and acts, and their implication on the Blackfeet Reservation.

Heart Butte District Survey – 1912 Blackfeet Allotment of Lands

Name Page of Report Allotment Number Census 1920 Number
After Buffalo 2 1081 5
Aimsback 15 356 20
BigBeaver, Aaron 73 202 163
BigLodgePole 81 104 176
Big LodgePole, Peter 82 106 178
BigWolf Medicine, GoodVictory 6 1178 198
Bito, Tom 51 391 252
Blackbull 61 1199 261
BoyChief 91 1181 320
BuffaloBody 57 313 370
Bullshoe, Joe 54 414 408
Butterfly, Elmer 8 1217 450
Calfbossribs, Barney 71 324 470
Calfrobe, Albert 14 184 476
Calftail 33 130 489
Calftail, John 40 269 491
Cayton, Joe 74 96 1998
Cayton, Mrs. Joe 22 97 1999
Chiefallover, George 76 149 517
Chiefallover 75 147 515
Choate, Frank 113 89 534
Choate, Mrs. Frank 79 90 535
Choate, George 78 86 538
Choate, Sam 80 95 532
Crawford, George 18 54 615
Crawford, James 20 53 614
Crawford, Joe 19 52 613
Crawford, Mrs. Minnie 17 50 612
Davis, Frank (white) 97
Dayrider, George 70 387 679
Dayrider, Joseph 101 382 677
Dayrider, Peter 88 380 672
Dayrider, Peter Jr. 89 384 674
DogTakingGun 95 1301 741
Drage Behind 107 1297 777
Eagle, Pete 86 111 809
Eagleribs (He mult.), John 10 601 1236
Evans, James 50 8 865
EveryBodyTalksAbout, George 9 1229 873
Flint, (Smoker), Pete 21 57 930
Grant (Blackface), Peter 100 84 1047
Green, Nick 83 178 154
Hall, Dave 27 15 1136
Headcarrier, John 34 244 1200
Heavygun, Henry 43 334 1209
Horn, Harry 58 251 1512
Horn, John G. 65 246 1294
Horn, George No. 2 64 243 1302
Horn, Tom 59 241 1298
Ironbreast, Charles 12 1261 1355
IronEater 36 452 1357
Ironpipe, Joe 67 1331 1365
Ironpipe, John 109 1332 1363
Iron Necklace 111 34 1360
Jackson, Mrs. Medicine Beaver 57 444 748
Jackson, Louie 36 445 749
Kennedy, John 106 2049 1413
Longtimesleeping 7 1240 1577
Longtimesleeping, Calling Back 118 1241 1582
Longtimesleeping, John 117 1244 1580
Lavarro (Koasuth), Louie 103 39 1517
Madplume 112 272 1621
Madplume, Elmer 53 274 1638
Madplume, Albert 48 279 1634
Madplume, George 52 276 1625
Madplume, Mike 49 277 1623
Marceau, Alex 110 133 1689
Marceau, Louie 30 140 1702
Marceau, Pete 84 142 1695
Mittens, James 1 1223 1787
Manyguns, Sam 96 1277 1669
Mountain Chief 41 213 1878
Mountain Chief, Walter 69 215 1885
Newbreast, Sam 68 609 1915
Newrobe, Joe 90 1268 1918
No Coat 87 1351 1949
NoRunner, Tim 94 1283 1916
OldManChief (Littleblaze) Rose 108 1366 1521
OldRock 16 352 1584
Oldrock, Pete 105 69 1991
Redfox, GoodVictory 115 1250 2160
Redfox, John 63 1251 2164
Redfox, Jim 116 1252 2161
RedHead 102 46 2167
Rose, Charles 45 315 2210
Rose, William 46 318 2214
Runningcrane, Edward 62 301 2221
Russell, Joe 56 404 2256
Rutherford, Dewey 11 81 2273
Sanderville, Richard 85 156 2284
Sanderville, Oliver 28 159 2293
Sanderville, Tom Kiyo 26 162 2297
Sanderville, John 29 161 2295
Sanrogret, Louie (not allotted) 25
Spearwoman (Rattler) 114 1248 2432
Spotted Bear, Peter 104 1270 2440
SpottedEagle, Jim 32 349 2464
SpottedEagle, John 66 237 2457
SpottedEagle, Tom 72 232 2448
SpottedWolf (Two Guns) John 47 441 2594
St. Goddard, Osa (white) 92
St. Goddard, Archie 93 1233 633
Stabs By Mistake 42 209 2468
Stabs By Mistake, Peter 44 211 2470
Surochief 98 226 2516
Surchief, Philip 35 228 2516
SwimsUnder 3 1341 2519
Tailfeathers 13 364 2535
Tatsey, John 31 27 2558
Vielle, Frank 24 115 2647
Walter, Arthur 23 824 2673
Whiteman, John 55 1353 2794
Whiteman, Pete 99 484 2796
WhiteQuiver 5 1338 2799
Wolfplume 60 1246 2843
YoungManChief, Mrs. 4 1236 2911

 

Footnotes:   [ + ]

1. The Old North Trail by Walter McClintock, pub. MacMillan and Co., Limited, St. Martin’s Street, London, 1910.
2. Treaty With The Blackfeet, October 17, 1855, AccessGenealogy, online Data last viewed on 1 July 2013. This Treaty has been assigned a variety of names over the years, and may be known as the “Lame Bull Treaty,” the “Blackfoot Peace Treaty” and the “Judith River Treaty.
3. Treaty of Fort Laramie with Sioux, etc. September 17, 1851, AccessGenealogy, online Data last viewed on 1 July 2013.
4. Treaty With The Blackfeet, October 17, 1855, Ibid.