, in N. Carolina in 1700; practiced circumcision. Machapungas
, 1,250 in 1805, 1200 m. fm. mouth of Misso; 1838, reduced to 21 by sm. pox Mandans
Mangoags, or Tuteloes, (Iroquois,) Nottoway River, formerly; now extinct.
, (Mohicans) once on the island where New York city now stands. Manhattans
, once on the upper waters of the Rappahannock r.; extinct long ago. Mannahoaks
Marachites, (Abenakies,) on the St. John’s; a remnant remains.
Marsapeagues, once on Long Island, S. side of Oyster Bay; extinct.
Marshpees, (Wampanoags) 315 in 1832; Barnstable Co., Mass; mixed with blacks.
Mascoutins, or Fire Ind., betw. Mississ. and L. Michigan, 1665; (Sacs and Foxes?)
, the state perpetuates their name. Massachucsetts
Massawomes, (Iroquois,) once spread over Kentucky.
Mathlanobs, 500 in 1820, on an island in the mouth of Wallaumut River, W. R.
Mayes, 600 in 1805, St. Gabriel Creek mouth of Guadaloupe River, Louisiana.
, (Algonkins,) once on Illinois r.; now 300 W. Mississippi. Menominies
Messassagnes, 2,000 in 1764, N. of, and adjacent to, L. Huron and Superior.
, (Algonkins,) once on the r. of their name; now 1,500, beyond the Mississ. Miamis
Mikasaukies, (Seminoles ) about 1 000 in 1821; very warlike.
, (Algonkins,) 3,000 in 1760, in Nova Scotia; the Suriquois of the French. Mikmaks
Miksuksealton, (Tushepaha,) 300 in 1820 Clark’s River, above great falls, W. R.
Minetares, 2,500 in 1805, 5 m. above the Mandans, on bth sides Knife River.
Mindawarcarton, in 1805 on both sides Mississippi, from St. Peter’s upward.
Mingoes, once such of the Iroquois were so called as resided upon the Scio River.
Minsi, Wolf tribe of the Lenna Lenape, once over New Jersey and art of Penn.
, once on that part of the River just below Grand r., to 1820. Missouries
Mitchigamies, one of the five tribes of the Illinois; location uncertain.
, head of Five Nations; formerly on Mohawk r.; a few now in Canada. Mohawks
, or Mohegans Moheakunnuks, in 1610, Hudson r. from Esopus to Albany.
, (Tuscaroras,) once near where Richmond, Virginia, now is. Monacans
Mongoulatches, on the W. side of the Mississippi. See Bayagoulas.
Montagnes, (Algonkins,) N. side St. Law., bette. Saguenay and Tadousac, in 1609.
, on E. end of Long Island, formerly; head of 13 tribes of that island. Montauks
, 80 in 1607; 40 in 1669, in Lancaster and Richmond counties, Virginia. Moratoks
Mosquitos, once a numerous race on the E. side of the Isthmus of Darien.
Mutlnomahs, (Wappatoo,) 800 in 1320, mouth of Multnomah River, W. R.
, (Delawares,) in 1730 N. branch Susquehannah r.; to the Wabash in 1808. Munseys
, 17,000 in 1775, on Alabama and Apalachicola Rivers. See B. iv. Muskogees
, (Caddo,) on branch Sabine, 15 m. above the Inies; 400 in 1805. Nabedaches
Nabijos, between N. Mexico and the Pacific; live in stone houses, and manufacture.
Nandakoe, 120 in 1805 on Sabine, 60 m. W. of the Yattassees; (Caddo.)
1711 on Nantikoke River; 1755, at Wyoming; same year went west. Nantikokes,
Narcotah, the name by which the Sioux know themselves.
, S. side of the bay which perpetuates their name; nearly extinct. Narragansets
Nashuays, (Nipmuks,) on that river from its mouth in Massachusetts.
, at Natchez; discovered, 1701; chiefly destroyed by French, 1720. Natchez
, once at that place; 100 in 1804; now upon Red River. Natchitoches
Nateotetains, 200 in 1820, W. R., on a river of their name, W. of the Facullies.
Natiks, (Nipmuks,) in Massachusetts, in a town now called after them.
Nechacoke, (Wappatoo,) 100 in 1820 S. side Columbia, near Quicksand r., W. R.
Neekeetoo, 700 in 1820, on the Pacific, S. of the Columbia, beyond the Youicone.
Nemalquinner, (Wappatoo,) 200 in 1820, N. side Wallaumut River, 3 m, up.
, a tribe of the Narragansets, and in alliance with them. Niantiks
Nicariagas, once about Michilimakinak; joined Iroquois in 1723, as seventh nation.
, (Original Algonkins,) 400 in 1764, near the source of Ottoway River. Nipissins
, eastern interior of Mass.; 1,500 in 1775; extinct. Nipmuks
Norridgeworks, (Abenakies,) on Penobscot River.
, on Nottoway River, in Virginia; but 2 of clear blood in 1817. Nottoways
Nyacks, (Mohicans,) or , once about the Narrows, in New York. Manhattans
, (Muskogees,) to the E. of Flint River; about 200 in 1834. Okmulges
Ocameches, in Virginia in 1607; had before been powerful; then reduced.
Ochees, See Uchees. – Perhaps Ochesos; 230 in Florida in 1826, at Ochee Bluff.
, (Creeks.) Oconas
, (Chippeways,) 30,000 in 1836 about the great lakes, and N, of them. Ojibwas
Okatiokinans, (Seminoles,) 580 in 1820, near Fort Gaines, E side Mississippi.
, 2,200 in 1820 on Elkhorn River, 80 m. from Council Bluffs. Omahas
, one of the Five Nations; chief seat near Oneida Lake, New York. Oneidas
, one of the Five Nations; formerly in New York, 300 in 1840. Onondagas
Ootlashoots, (Tushepahas,) 400 in 1820, on Clark’s River, W. Rock Mountains.
, 4,000 in 1830, about Arkansas and Usage Rivers; many tribes. Osages
Otagamies, (Winnebagoes ) 300 in 1780, bettw. Lake of the Woods and the Mississ.
, 1,500m 1820; in 1805, 500; 15 leagues up the River Platte on S. side. Otoes
, 1670, removed from L. Superior to Michilimakinak; 2,300 in 1820. Ottawas
Ouitanons, or Waas, (Kikapoos ) mouth of Eel r., Ind., 1791, in a village 3 m, long.
Oumas, E bank Mississippi in 1722, in 2 villages, quarter of a mile from the river.
Owassissas, (Seminoles,) ) 100 in 1820, on E. waters of St. Mark’s River.
Ozas, 2,000 in 1750; on Ozaw River in 1780, which flows into the Mississippi.
Ozimies, one of the six tribes on E. shore of Maryland and Virginia in 1607.
, on Quelquichose River, La.; 30 men in 1805 ; 40 m. S. W. Natchitoches. Pacanas
Padoucas, 2,000 warriors in 1724, on the Kansas; dispersed before 1805.
Padowagas, by some the Senecas were so called; uncertain.
Pailsh, 200 in 1820, on coast of the Pacific, N. Columbia r. beyond the Potoashs.
Palaches, a tribe found early in Florida but long since extinct.
Pamlico, but 15 in 1703, about Pamlico Sound, in N. Carolina; extinct.
Pancas, once on Red River, of Winnipee 1.; afterwards joined the Omahas.
Panis, (Tonicas,) 40 villages in 1750, S. br. Missouri; 70 villages on Red r., 1755.
Penneh, See Allakaweah, 2,300 in 1800, on heads Big Horn River.
Pascataways, once a considerable tribe on the Maryland side Potomac River.
, 25 men in 1805, on Red r., 60 m. below Natchitoches; from Florida. Pascagoulas
, on Schoodak r., Me., in Perry Pleasant Point, a small number. Passamaquoddie
, 10,000 in 1820, on the Platte and Kansas; Republicans, Loupes, and Picts. Paunee
Pawistucienemuck, 500 in 1820; small, brave tribe, in the prairies of Missouri.
Pawtuckets, (Nipmuks,) on Merrimac River, where Chelmsford now is; extinct. Pecans, (Nipmuks) 10 in 1793, in Dudley Mass., on a reservation of 200 acres.
Pelloatpallah, (Chopunnish,) 1,600 in 1820, on Kooskooskee r., above forks, W. R
, (Abenakies,) 330, on an island in Penobscot r. 12 m. above Bangor. Penobscots
, (Nipmuks ) along Merrimac r., where is now Concord N. H., &c. Pennakooks
, 97 in 1820, on Current River; one of the five tribes of the Illinois. Peorias
(Abenakies,) on sources Saco River; destroyed by English in 1725. Pequakets;
, about the mouth of Connecticut River subdued in 1637. Pequots
Phillimees, (Seminoles,) on or near the Suane River, Florida, in 1817.
, 3,000 once, on the Wabash; in 1780, but 950; since driven west: Piankashaws
Piankatank, a tribe in Virginia when first settled; unlocated.
Pinneshow, (Sioux,) 150 in 1820, on the St. Peter’s, 15 m. from its mouth.
Pishquitpah, 2,600 in 1815, N. side Columbia River, at Muscleshell Rapids, W. R.
Potoash, 200 in 1820, coast Pacific, N. mouth Columbia, beyond Clamoctimichs.
, 1671, on Noquet i., L. Michigan; 1681, at Chicago. Pottowattomie
, 32 tribes spread over Virginia when first discovered by the English. Powhatans
Puans, the Winnebagoes were so called by the French at one period.