Thomas J. Wood was born in Fountain county, Indiana, March 15, 1836. His parents were natives of Scott county, Kentucky, but migrated to Indiana, and from thence to Caldwell county, Missouri, when he was about three years of age, and soon moved to Daviess county. Mr. Wood has resided in this county since 1839. He was enrolled in the State Militia in 1862, and served two. years as one of the home guards. Since that time he has been engaged in farming and now lives on a well improved farm near Winston.

Mr. Wood was married, January 1, 1869, to Miss Emily J. Ray, then living in Daviess county. Her parents were natives of Virginia. Six children were born to them: Ida L., Susan E., Joseph W., Josephine F., Edward T. (deceased), and Benjamin F.