The following 355 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 4 (color) of the 1880 census for Mason County Michigan.

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The instructions to enumerators for conducting the 1870 census were essentially the same as those for the 1860 census:

Indians not taxed are not to be enumerated. The families of Indians who have renounced tribal rule, and who under state or territory laws exercise the rights of citizens, are to be enumerated. 1Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.

In the 1880 instructions the phrase “Indians not taxes” was expanded to:

By the phrase “Indians not taxed” is meant Indians living on reservations under the care of Government agents, or roaming individually, or in bands, over unsettled tracts of country.

Indians not in tribal relations, whether full-bloods or half-breeds, who are found mingled with the white population, residing in white families, engaged as servants or laborers, or living in huts or wigwams on the outskirts of towns or settlements are to be regarded as a part of the ordinary population of the country for the constitutional purpose of the apportionment of Representatives among the States, and are to be embraced in the enumeration. 2Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of U.S. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990, 1989, p. 30.

So the following 355 people identified in the 1880 Mason County Michigan census are believed to either have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens to be enumerated; or because they mingled with the white population of these Michigan towns were enumerated under the expanded definitions.

I noticed when compiling these results that the population of those being identified as Indians in Mason County increased from 229 in 1860, to only 355 in 1880, but still did not match the 409 who were enumerated in 1860. This follows a recognized statewide pattern of increased Native American population for Michigan from 1870 to 1880.

The records below contains only those in a household who were identified by an I for their color. There may be others in the household who are not identified below and that will be on the actual census images.

TownH#F#SurnameGiveSexAgeRelationOccupation
Freesoil6969ChinquamJohnm42Laborer
Freesoil6969ChinquamElizabethf34wife
Freesoil6969ChinquamJosephm16son
Freesoil6969ChinquamSarahf9daughter
Freesoil6969ChinquamLucyf7daughter
Freesoil6969ChinquamKittief5daughter
Freesoil7070CarmoosaJamesm78Laborer
Freesoil7070CarmoosaSarahf64wife
Freesoil7070CarmoosaPeterm21son
Freesoil7070CarmoosaElizabethf19grandaughter
Freesoil7070CarmoosaDennism14grandson
Freesoil7171WalkerPeterm35
Freesoil7171WalkerBashawf33wife
Freesoil7171WalkerHenrym12son
Freesoil7171WalkerAnnf4daughter
Freesoil7171WalkerPeterm2son
Freesoil7171WalkerElizabethf2 mosdaughter
Hamlin7881BarnhartWilliamm62farmer
Hamlin7881BarnhartMargaretf55wife
Hamlin7881BarnhartGeorgem22son
Hamlin7881BarnhartMaryf20daughter
Hamlin7881BarnhartSimonm8son
Hamlin7881BarnhartLillyf6daughter
Hamlin7881BarnhartWilliamm4son
Hamlin7881BarnhartJohnm2son
Hamlin7982PetersJamesm47farmer
Hamlin7982PetersSarahf36wife
Hamlin7982PetersElizabethf17daughter
Hamlin7982PetersMargaretf15daughter
Hamlin7982PetersDennism15son
Hamlin7982PetersMaryf1daughter
Hamlin8083SussesawayRolm28farmer
Hamlin8083SussesawayHarrietf22wife
Hamlin8083SussesawayWilliamm6son
Hamlin8083SussesawayJosephm2son
Hamlin8083ArcheyWilliamm10
Hamlin8083ArcheyThomasm8
Hamlin8184LekaEphraimm54farmer
Hamlin8184LekaSarahf24wife
Hamlin8184LekaElizaf24daughter
Hamlin8184LekaPeterm17son
Hamlin8184LekaElizabethf13daughter
Hamlin8184LekaMaryf10daughter
Hamlin8184LekaLotym5son
Hamlin8184LekaSusanf3daughter
Hamlin8184LekaBenjaminm1son
Hamlin8285EsproPeterm57farmer
Hamlin8285EsproSarahf50wife
Hamlin8285EsproJennyf15daughter
Hamlin8285EsproMaryf5daughter
Hamlin8285EsproSusanf1daughter
Custer7474WilliamsCharlesm35farming
Custer7474WilliamsJanef28wife
Custer7979NordinNancyfemale27
Custer7979NordinWilliammale2son
Custer7979DishpaHishahwayfemale80boarder
Custer7979AlexanderWilliammale24boarder
Custer7979MedavisDavidmale22boarder
Custer8080WilliamsJohnmale28
Custer8080WilliamsElizafemale40wife
Custer8080WilliamsElizafemale16daughter
Custer8181KingThomasmale28
Custer8181KingMaryfemale27wife
Custer8181KingAhshlateshegoquafemale14
Custer8181DanielsWilliammale3brother in law
Custer8282White PigeonGeorgemale30works in woods
Custer8282White PigeonMaryfemale26wife
Custer8282White PigeonMacowshaymale6son
Custer8282White PigeonSowquoahfemale2daughter
Custer8383HallMaryfemale26
Custer8383HallMaryfemale12daughter
Custer8383HallClarafemale9daughter
Custer8383HallLewismale6son
Custer8383HallPetermale4son
Custer8383HallAlicefemale2daughter
Custer8484ChingqnashGeorgemale80farming
Custer8484ChingqnashCharityfemale45wife
Custer8484ChingqnashSarahfemale21daughter
Custer8484ChingqnashSophiafemale10daughter
Custer8484ChingqnashGeorgemale3grandson
Custer8585ChingqnashDavidmale27farming
Custer8585ChingqnashCharityfemale27wife
Custer8585ChingqnashJohnmale10
Custer8585ShawnoregaGeorgemale20boarder
Custer8686GreenAmosmale48farming
Custer8686GreenNancyfemale30wife
Custer8686GreenDanielmale8son
Custer8686GreenLewismale3son
Custer8686PetersGeorgemale22boarder
Custer8787FoxMaryfemale70
Custer8787FoxLucyfemale29daughter
Custer8787PseinnetteCharliemale12grandson
Custer9090HallIsaacmale40Laborer
Custer9090HallJosephmale4son
Custer9090HallMaryfemale80mother
Custer9090HallClarafemale7boarder
Custer9191HallJosephmale42Laborer
Custer9191HallKatherinefemale40wife
Custer9191HallSarahfemale15daughter
Custer9191HallUzariasmale13son
Custer9191HallEddiemale6son
Custer9292HallCorneliusmale38farms
Custer9292HallFlorencefemale38wife
Custer9292HallIsaacmale11son
Custer9292HallLucindafemale4daughter
Custer9292HallFredrickmale5 mosson
Custer9393HallGeorgemale28farming
Custer9393HallAngelinefemale20wife
Custer9393HallMelissafemale2daughter
Custer9393HallSpencermale6son
Custer9494AspuPetermale30farming
Custer9494RabbitJamesmale31farming
Custer9494SahsahgeraRobertmale24farming
Custer9595MenomineJohnmale39farming
Custer9696CraneCharlesmale32farming
Custer9696CraneNancyfemale29wife
Custer9696CraneScottmale7son
Custer9696CraneSolomonmale2son
Custer9696CraneEddiemale4son
Custer9696FitchMaryfemale40boarder
Custer9696FitchGeorgemale18boarder
Custer9797PeterJohnmale44
Custer9797PeterMarthafemale22wife
Custer9797PeterGeorgemale17son
Custer9797PeterThomasmale13son
Custer9797PeterEdwardmale5son
Custer9797PeterCharliemale3son
Custer9797PeterSamsonmale1son
Custer9898CraneGeorgemale34
Custer9898CraneElizafemale28
Custer9898CraneGeorgemale14son
Custer9898CraneHirammale9son
Custer9898CraneScottmale8son
Custer9898CraneSolomonmale4son
Custer9898CraneSouthern Skymale8 mosson
Custer9898DanielsMargrettfemale4boarder
Custer9999WardJohnmale52
Custer100100JonasHenrymale60preacher
Custer100100JonasKerriahfemale58wife
Custer100100BeckwedestMaryfemale14boarder
Custer100100SmithJohnmale24boarder
Custer113113ShawMarthafemale40
Custer118118SanbeeGeorgemale51farmer
Custer118118SanbeeMaryfemale45wife
Custer118118SanbeeJamesmale12son
Custer118118SanbeeEddymale6son
Custer118118SanbeeLoisfemale11 mosdaughter
Custer118118WakefieldJohnmale70father in law
Custer119119FreemanSuttonmale44farming
Custer119119FreemanJanefemale43wife
Custer119119FreemanAndrewmale15son
Custer119119FreemanJohnsonmale6son
Custer119119FreemanMifrisquafemale65mother in law
Custer120120ShawA.C.male57farming
Custer120120ShawMarthafemale65wife
Custer120120ShawGran no quefemale17daughter
Custer131131Big BoneLewismale40
Branch163163Clarbasquamoquaf35
Branch164164JireWilliamm27
Branch164164JireHenrym7son
Branch164164JireAlicef3daughter
Branch165165Cisheonquodooquam42
Branch165165Nancyf21wife
Branch166166MovittJimm35
Branch166166MovittSarahf45wife
Branch166166MovittMoneteos sham13son
Branch167167OrdasSarahf30
Branch167167OrdasShermanm4son
Branch167167OrdasJimm10son
Branch167167OrdasJohnniem19son
Branch167167OrdasNancyf40sister
Branch167167OrdasJoem1son
Branch167167OrdasMargrettf60mother
Branch177177JoeCharliem22
Branch187187JoeMaryf22cooks in boarding house
Branch187187JoeHarrym4
Branch187187JoeJohnniem1
Branch205205HenmanGeorgem31Laborer
Branch205205ScottN.B.f26wife
Branch205205ScottSpencerm8 mosson
Branch251251JosiahFrankm25boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251SimmsHermanm26boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251LewisIsaacm17boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251PetersSolomonm17boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251Dim shadBeelym14boarderWorks in woods
Branch251251PeteAlexm30boarderWorks in woods
Branch253253ChinquashJohnm28
Branch253253ChinquashCot mef30wife
Branch253253ChinquashMarthaf20sister
Branch270270Truck a nob a noPeterm47farming
Branch270270Truck a nob a noNancyf37wife
Branch270270Truck a nob a noNancyf10sister
Branch271271MawbyJoem42farming
Branch271271MawbyKeeyanf46wife
Branch271271MawbyJimm19son
Branch271271MawbyElizabethf14daughter
Branch271271MawbyAngelicf12daughter
Branch271271MawbyJosephm10son
Branch271271MawbyMaryf6daughter
Branch271271MawbyWaunabequam66boarder
Branch271271MawbyMargrettf100boarder
Branch272272GoodJohnm72
Branch272272GoodJanef88wife
Branch272272GoodMaryf30boarder
Branch272272GoodAnnaf24daughter
Branch272272GoodMatildaf3daughter
Branch276276DoneganAnthonym60
Branch276276DoneganLewism29son
Branch276276DoneganTinesf18daughter
Branch276276DoneganJoem36son
Eden138138Mat too quaWilliammale54
Eden138138Mat too quaOrsharwakfemale40wife
Eden138138Mat too quaCharliemale22son
Eden138138Mat too quaMaryfemale18daughter
Eden138138Mat too quaElizabethfemale4daughter
Eden159159ChinguashPetermale33Laborer
Eden207207MahhooMarguttfemale45farming
Eden209209Mash kauPetermale35farming
Eden209209Mash kauLucyfemale40wife
Eden209209Mash kauSarahfemale9daughter
Eden209209Mash kauAmyfemale5daughter
Eden209209Mash kauJuliafemale3daughter
Eden209209Mash kauJohnmale2 mosson
Eden210210Mash kauIsaacmale23farming
Eden210210Mash kauJohnmale89father
Eden210210Mash kauWah own quafemale75mother
Eden210210JakeJohnniemale5boarder
Eden210210ElliottJosephmale70boarder
Eden210210Shib she quafemale80boarder
Eden211211Saw WakNewtonmale30
Eden211211Saw WakBenymale10son
Eden211211Saw WakMarthafemale7daughter
Eden211211Saw WakJohnniemale5son
Eden212212ChipewaKelseymale40
Eden212212ChipewaMa ae quafemale36wife
Eden212212ChipewaJosephmale17son
Eden212212ChipewaHeel?male15son
Eden212212ChipewaNancyfemale7daughter
Eden212212ChipewaAlicefemale1daughter
Eden213213Cippwamale60farming
Eden213213Negish qu quafemale57wife
Eden213213Maryfemale12daughter
Eden216216BlacksmithJakemale55farming
Eden216216BlacksmithSah kushfemale50wife
Eden216216BlacksmithBenjaminmale3son
Eden217217Shib I SheeJohnmale67farming
Eden217217Shib I SheeAmyfemale50wife
Eden217217Shib I SheeMargrettfemale10daughter
Eden218218Ah she ke shikmale99
Eden218218Ke wah be quafemale88
Eden219219RennetJoemale32
Eden219219RennetSarahfemale47wife
Eden220220LichtDavidmale80farming
Eden220220LichtJanefemale32daughter
Eden220220LichtSophiafemale82wife
Eden221221AndersonPetermale37farming
Eden221221AndersonNancyfemale35wife
Eden221221AndersonNancyfemale10daughter
Eden221221AndersonEvafemale6daughter
Eden221221AndersonMaryfemale2daughter
Eden223223ElliottDavidmale40farming
Eden223223ElliottElizafemale36wife
Eden224224Gah ge jre con quamale44
Eden224224Maryfemale17
Eden224224Margrettfemale7daughter
Eden224224Marthafemale3daughter
Eden225225Gah goJohnmale35farming
Eden225225Gah goAnniefemale25wife
Eden225225Gah goMarthafemale8daughter
Eden225225Gah goWardmale4son
Eden225225Gah goThaddeusmale2son
Eden225225Gah goBig Marshmale70father
Eden226226LichtJosiahmale35Laborer
Eden226226LichtMaryanfemale29wife
Eden226226LichtJosephmale12son
Eden226226LichtHenrymale11son
Eden226226LichtCarolinefemale5daughter
Eden226226LichtDavidmale2son
Eden227227ShambooJohnmale36farming
Eden227227ShambooMaryfemale20wife
Eden227227ShambooJohnmale6son
Eden227227ShambooMaryfemale2daughter
Eden227227ShambooWombiguinquafemale8 mosdaughter
Eden228228JudsonJamesmale36farming
Eden228228JudsonAngelinefemale27wife
Eden228228JudsonJuliafemale12daughter
Eden228228JudsonElizabethfemale10daughter
Eden228228JudsonAdafemale8daughter
Eden228228JudsonSarahfemale1 modaughter
Eden228228JudsonMinervafemale65mother
Eden229229CamburnMyronmale47
Eden229229CamburnLevimale14son
Eden229229CamburnWon quafemale47wife
Eden229229CamburnMargrettfemale55step mother
Eden229229HickeyManarrehfemale70boarder
Eden231231BeckwedstWilliammale65farming
Eden231231BeckwedstMaryfemale60wife
Eden231231BeckwedstSophiafemale32daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstOsalefemale17daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstMarthafemale15daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstElizafemale2daughter
Eden231231BeckwedstAngelicafemale105mother
Eden231231HickeyDanielmale20son in law
Eden232232MedavisLewismale30farming
Eden232232MedavisLydiafemale26wife
Eden232232MedavisMarthafemale10daughter
Eden232232MedavisMary Annfemale6daughter
Eden232232MedavisNancyfemale4daughter
Eden232232ShawJacobmale38brother in law
Eden232232WilliamsAngelicafemale17boarder
Eden234234McClelanLewismale35farming
Eden234234McClelanChristinefemale40wife
Eden234234McClelanJimmale11son
Eden234234McClelanMosesmale8son
Eden234234McClelanJuliettefemale4daughter
Eden235235GenerauWilliammale35farming
Eden235235GenerauBetsyfemale29wife
Eden235235GenerauEmmafemale12daughter
Eden235235GenerauElizafemale5daughter
Eden235235GenerauIsaacmale6 mosson
Eden235235GenerauSolomonmale17son
Eden237237MedoccoCharliemale28farmingfarming
Eden237237MedoccoMaryfemale23wife
Eden238238BeryNancyfemale18
Eden238238BerySamuelmale30husband
Eden239239Tucka nob quaJohnmale26farmingfarming
Eden239239Tucka nob quaSophiafemale18wife
Eden239239Tucka nob quaMaw beemale1son
Eden301301Ma ze may be quamale55farming
Eden301301Ba may re may quafemale22daughter
Eden301301Janefemale3daughter
Eden301301Johnmale3 mosson
Eden301301KingMaryfemale45boarder
Eden301301Bluck markJoemale50boarder
Eden307307BeanJohnmale80farming
Eden307307BeanMaryfemale85wife
Eden307307BeanPetermale22son
Eden307307BeanGeorgemale10nephew
Eden307307BeanJohnniemale9nephew
Eden308308Mc ColumJohnmale30
Eden308308Mc ColumSan gutchfemale23wife
Eden308308Mc ColumWilliammale12son
Eden308308Mc ColumMarthafemale10daughter
Eden308308Mc ColumCa ga gummale5 mosson
Eden309309GreenWilliammale55
Eden309309GreenOb no quafemale50wife
Eden309309GreenJohnmale26sonworks on river
Eden309309ShowernJohnmale14nephew
Eden310310BakerGeorgemale22Laborer
Eden310310BakerNancyfemale18wife
Eden311311Mish ega kakfemale57
Eden311311Amomale16son
Eden312312Toong quashmale61Laborer
Eden312312Scrin sare befemale60wife
Eden312312Osh tafemale18daughter

Footnotes:   [ + ]

1.Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.
2.Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of U.S. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990, 1989, p. 30.