The following 355 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 4 (color) of the 1880 census for Mason County Michigan.

The instructions to enumerators for conducting the 1870 census were essentially the same as those for the 1860 census:

Indians not taxed are not to be enumerated. The families of Indians who have renounced tribal rule, and who under state or territory laws exercise the rights of citizens, are to be enumerated. 1Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.

In the 1880 instructions the phrase “Indians not taxes” was expanded to:

By the phrase “Indians not taxed” is meant Indians living on reservations under the care of Government agents, or roaming individually, or in bands, over unsettled tracts of country.

Indians not in tribal relations, whether full-bloods or half-breeds, who are found mingled with the white population, residing in white families, engaged as servants or laborers, or living in huts or wigwams on the outskirts of towns or settlements are to be regarded as a part of the ordinary population of the country for the constitutional purpose of the apportionment of Representatives among the States, and are to be embraced in the enumeration. 2Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of U.S. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990, 1989, p. 30.

So the following 355 people identified in the 1880 Mason County Michigan census are believed to either have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens to be enumerated; or because they mingled with the white population of these Michigan towns were enumerated under the expanded definitions.

I noticed when compiling these results that the population of those being identified as Indians in Mason County increased from 229 in 1860, to only 355 in 1880, but still did not match the 409 who were enumerated in 1860. This follows a recognized statewide pattern of increased Native American population for Michigan from 1870 to 1880.

The records below contains only those in a household who were identified by an I for their color. There may be others in the household who are not identified below and that will be on the actual census images.

1880 Census Mason County NA

Town H# F# Surname Give Race Sex Age Relation Occupation
Freesoil 69 69 Chinquam John Indian m 42 Laborer
Freesoil 69 69 Chinquam Elizabeth Indian f 34 wife
Freesoil 69 69 Chinquam Joseph Indian m 16 son
Freesoil 69 69 Chinquam Sarah Indian f 9 daughter
Freesoil 69 69 Chinquam Lucy Indian f 7 daughter
Freesoil 69 69 Chinquam Kittie Indian f 5 daughter
Freesoil 70 70 Carmoosa James Indian m 78 Laborer
Freesoil 70 70 Carmoosa Sarah Indian f 64 wife
Freesoil 70 70 Carmoosa Peter Indian m 21 son
Freesoil 70 70 Carmoosa Elizabeth Indian f 19 grandaughter
Freesoil 70 70 Carmoosa Dennis Indian m 14 grandson
Freesoil 71 71 Walker Peter Indian m 35
Freesoil 71 71 Walker Bashaw Indian f 33 wife
Freesoil 71 71 Walker Henry Indian m 12 son
Freesoil 71 71 Walker Ann Indian f 4 daughter
Freesoil 71 71 Walker Peter Indian m 2 son
Freesoil 71 71 Walker Elizabeth Indian f 2 mos daughter
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart William Indian m 62 farmer
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart Margaret Indian f 55 wife
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart George Indian m 22 son
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart Mary Indian f 20 daughter
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart Simon Indian m 8 son
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart Lilly Indian f 6 daughter
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart William Indian m 4 son
Hamlin 78 81 Barnhart John Indian m 2 son
Hamlin 79 82 Peters James Indian m 47 farmer
Hamlin 79 82 Peters Sarah Indian f 36 wife
Hamlin 79 82 Peters Elizabeth Indian f 17 daughter
Hamlin 79 82 Peters Margaret Indian f 15 daughter
Hamlin 79 82 Peters Dennis Indian m 15 son
Hamlin 79 82 Peters Mary Indian f 1 daughter
Hamlin 80 83 Sussesaway Rol Indian m 28 farmer
Hamlin 80 83 Sussesaway Harriet Indian f 22 wife
Hamlin 80 83 Sussesaway William Indian m 6 son
Hamlin 80 83 Sussesaway Joseph Indian m 2 son
Hamlin 80 83 Archey William Indian m 10
Hamlin 80 83 Archey Thomas Indian m 8
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Ephraim Indian m 54 farmer
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Sarah Indian f 24 wife
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Eliza Indian f 24 daughter
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Peter Indian m 17 son
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Elizabeth Indian f 13 daughter
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Mary Indian f 10 daughter
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Loty Indian m 5 son
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Susan Indian f 3 daughter
Hamlin 81 84 Leka Benjamin Indian m 1 son
Hamlin 82 85 Espro Peter Indian m 57 farmer
Hamlin 82 85 Espro Sarah Indian f 50 wife
Hamlin 82 85 Espro Jenny Indian f 15 daughter
Hamlin 82 85 Espro Mary Indian f 5 daughter
Hamlin 82 85 Espro Susan Indian f 1 daughter
Custer 74 74 Williams Charles Indian m 35 farming
Custer 74 74 Williams Jane Indian f 28 wife
Custer 79 79 Nordin Nancy Indian female 27
Custer 79 79 Nordin William Indian male 2 son
Custer 79 79 Dishpa Hishahway Indian female 80 boarder
Custer 79 79 Alexander William Indian male 24 boarder
Custer 79 79 Medavis David Indian male 22 boarder
Custer 80 80 Williams John Indian male 28
Custer 80 80 Williams Eliza Indian female 40 wife
Custer 80 80 Williams Eliza Indian female 16 daughter
Custer 81 81 King Thomas Indian male 28
Custer 81 81 King Mary Indian female 27 wife
Custer 81 81 King Ahshlateshegoqua Indian female 14
Custer 81 81 Daniels William Indian male 3 brother in law
Custer 82 82 White Pigeon George Indian male 30 works in woods
Custer 82 82 White Pigeon Mary Indian female 26 wife
Custer 82 82 White Pigeon Macowshay Indian male 6 son
Custer 82 82 White Pigeon Sowquoah Indian female 2 daughter
Custer 83 83 Hall Mary Indian female 26
Custer 83 83 Hall Mary Indian female 12 daughter
Custer 83 83 Hall Clara Indian female 9 daughter
Custer 83 83 Hall Lewis Indian male 6 son
Custer 83 83 Hall Peter Indian male 4 son
Custer 83 83 Hall Alice Indian female 2 daughter
Custer 84 84 Chingqnash George Indian male 80 farming
Custer 84 84 Chingqnash Charity Indian female 45 wife
Custer 84 84 Chingqnash Sarah Indian female 21 daughter
Custer 84 84 Chingqnash Sophia Indian female 10 daughter
Custer 84 84 Chingqnash George Indian male 3 grandson
Custer 85 85 Chingqnash David Indian male 27 farming
Custer 85 85 Chingqnash Charity Indian female 27 wife
Custer 85 85 Chingqnash John Indian male 10
Custer 85 85 Shawnorega George Indian male 20 boarder
Custer 86 86 Green Amos Indian male 48 farming
Custer 86 86 Green Nancy Indian female 30 wife
Custer 86 86 Green Daniel Indian male 8 son
Custer 86 86 Green Lewis Indian male 3 son
Custer 86 86 Peters George Indian male 22 boarder
Custer 87 87 Fox Mary Indian female 70
Custer 87 87 Fox Lucy Indian female 29 daughter
Custer 87 87 Pseinnette Charlie Indian male 12 grandson
Custer 90 90 Hall Isaac Indian male 40 Laborer
Custer 90 90 Hall Joseph Indian male 4 son
Custer 90 90 Hall Mary Indian female 80 mother
Custer 90 90 Hall Clara Indian female 7 boarder
Custer 91 91 Hall Joseph Indian male 42 Laborer
Custer 91 91 Hall Katherine Indian female 40 wife
Custer 91 91 Hall Sarah Indian female 15 daughter
Custer 91 91 Hall Uzarias Indian male 13 son
Custer 91 91 Hall Eddie Indian male 6 son
Custer 92 92 Hall Cornelius Indian male 38 farms
Custer 92 92 Hall Florence Indian female 38 wife
Custer 92 92 Hall Isaac Indian male 11 son
Custer 92 92 Hall Lucinda Indian female 4 daughter
Custer 92 92 Hall Fredrick Indian male 5 mos son
Custer 93 93 Hall George Indian male 28 farming
Custer 93 93 Hall Angeline Indian female 20 wife
Custer 93 93 Hall Melissa Indian female 2 daughter
Custer 93 93 Hall Spencer Indian male 6 son
Custer 94 94 Aspu Peter Indian male 30 farming
Custer 94 94 Rabbit James Indian male 31 farming
Custer 94 94 Sahsahgera Robert Indian male 24 farming
Custer 95 95 Menomine John Indian male 39 farming
Custer 96 96 Crane Charles Indian male 32 farming
Custer 96 96 Crane Nancy Indian female 29 wife
Custer 96 96 Crane Scott Indian male 7 son
Custer 96 96 Crane Solomon Indian male 2 son
Custer 96 96 Crane Eddie Indian male 4 son
Custer 96 96 Fitch Mary Indian female 40 boarder
Custer 96 96 Fitch George Indian male 18 boarder
Custer 97 97 Peter John Indian male 44
Custer 97 97 Peter Martha Indian female 22 wife
Custer 97 97 Peter George Indian male 17 son
Custer 97 97 Peter Thomas Indian male 13 son
Custer 97 97 Peter Edward Indian male 5 son
Custer 97 97 Peter Charlie Indian male 3 son
Custer 97 97 Peter Samson Indian male 1 son
Custer 98 98 Crane George Indian male 34
Custer 98 98 Crane Eliza Indian female 28
Custer 98 98 Crane George Indian male 14 son
Custer 98 98 Crane Hiram Indian male 9 son
Custer 98 98 Crane Scott Indian male 8 son
Custer 98 98 Crane Solomon Indian male 4 son
Custer 98 98 Crane Southern Sky Indian male 8 mos son
Custer 98 98 Daniels Margrett Indian female 4 boarder
Custer 99 99 Ward John Indian male 52
Custer 100 100 Jonas Henry Indian male 60 preacher
Custer 100 100 Jonas Kerriah Indian female 58 wife
Custer 100 100 Beckwedest Mary Indian female 14 boarder
Custer 100 100 Smith John Indian male 24 boarder
Custer 113 113 Shaw Martha Indian female 40
Custer 118 118 Sanbee George Indian male 51 farmer
Custer 118 118 Sanbee Mary Indian female 45 wife
Custer 118 118 Sanbee James Indian male 12 son
Custer 118 118 Sanbee Eddy Indian male 6 son
Custer 118 118 Sanbee Lois Indian female 11 mos daughter
Custer 118 118 Wakefield John Indian male 70 father in law
Custer 119 119 Freeman Sutton Indian male 44 farming
Custer 119 119 Freeman Jane Indian female 43 wife
Custer 119 119 Freeman Andrew Indian male 15 son
Custer 119 119 Freeman Johnson Indian male 6 son
Custer 119 119 Freeman Mifrisqua Indian female 65 mother in law
Custer 120 120 Shaw A.C. Indian male 57 farming
Custer 120 120 Shaw Martha Indian female 65 wife
Custer 120 120 Shaw Gran no que Indian female 17 daughter
Custer 131 131 Big Bone Lewis Indian male 40
Branch 163 163 Clarbasquamoqua Indian f 35
Branch 164 164 Jire William Indian m 27
Branch 164 164 Jire Henry Indian m 7 son
Branch 164 164 Jire Alice Indian f 3 daughter
Branch 165 165 Cisheonquodooqua Indian m 42
Branch 165 165 Nancy Indian f 21 wife
Branch 166 166 Movitt Jim Indian m 35
Branch 166 166 Movitt Sarah Indian f 45 wife
Branch 166 166 Movitt Moneteos sha Indian m 13 son
Branch 167 167 Ordas Sarah Indian f 30
Branch 167 167 Ordas Sherman Indian m 4 son
Branch 167 167 Ordas Jim Indian m 10 son
Branch 167 167 Ordas Johnnie Indian m 19 son
Branch 167 167 Ordas Nancy Indian f 40 sister
Branch 167 167 Ordas Joe Indian m 1 son
Branch 167 167 Ordas Margrett Indian f 60 mother
Branch 177 177 Joe Charlie Indian m 22
Branch 187 187 Joe Mary Indian f 22 cooks in boarding house
Branch 187 187 Joe Harry Indian m 4
Branch 187 187 Joe Johnnie Indian m 1
Branch 205 205 Henman George Indian m 31 Laborer
Branch 205 205 Scott N.B. Indian f 26 wife
Branch 205 205 Scott Spencer Indian m 8 mos son
Branch 251 251 Josiah Frank Indian m 25 boarder Works in woods
Branch 251 251 Simms Herman Indian m 26 boarder Works in woods
Branch 251 251 Lewis Isaac Indian m 17 boarder Works in woods
Branch 251 251 Peters Solomon Indian m 17 boarder Works in woods
Branch 251 251 Dim shad Beely Indian m 14 boarder Works in woods
Branch 251 251 Pete Alex Indian m 30 boarder Works in woods
Branch 253 253 Chinquash John Indian m 28
Branch 253 253 Chinquash Cot me Indian f 30 wife
Branch 253 253 Chinquash Martha Indian f 20 sister
Branch 270 270 Truck a nob a no Peter Indian m 47 farming
Branch 270 270 Truck a nob a no Nancy Indian f 37 wife
Branch 270 270 Truck a nob a no Nancy Indian f 10 sister
Branch 271 271 Mawby Joe Indian m 42 farming
Branch 271 271 Mawby Keeyan Indian f 46 wife
Branch 271 271 Mawby Jim Indian m 19 son
Branch 271 271 Mawby Elizabeth Indian f 14 daughter
Branch 271 271 Mawby Angelic Indian f 12 daughter
Branch 271 271 Mawby Joseph Indian m 10 son
Branch 271 271 Mawby Mary Indian f 6 daughter
Branch 271 271 Mawby Waunabequa Indian m 66 boarder
Branch 271 271 Mawby Margrett Indian f 100 boarder
Branch 272 272 Good John Indian m 72
Branch 272 272 Good Jane Indian f 88 wife
Branch 272 272 Good Mary Indian f 30 boarder
Branch 272 272 Good Anna Indian f 24 daughter
Branch 272 272 Good Matilda Indian f 3 daughter
Branch 276 276 Donegan Anthony Indian m 60
Branch 276 276 Donegan Lewis Indian m 29 son
Branch 276 276 Donegan Tines Indian f 18 daughter
Branch 276 276 Donegan Joe Indian m 36 son
Eden 138 138 Mat too qua William Indian male 54
Eden 138 138 Mat too qua Orsharwak Indian female 40 wife
Eden 138 138 Mat too qua Charlie Indian male 22 son
Eden 138 138 Mat too qua Mary Indian female 18 daughter
Eden 138 138 Mat too qua Elizabeth Indian female 4 daughter
Eden 159 159 Chinguash Peter Indian male 33 Laborer
Eden 207 207 Mahhoo Margutt Indian female 45 farming
Eden 209 209 Mash kau Peter Indian male 35 farming
Eden 209 209 Mash kau Lucy Indian female 40 wife
Eden 209 209 Mash kau Sarah Indian female 9 daughter
Eden 209 209 Mash kau Amy Indian female 5 daughter
Eden 209 209 Mash kau Julia Indian female 3 daughter
Eden 209 209 Mash kau John Indian male 2 mos son
Eden 210 210 Mash kau Isaac Indian male 23 farming
Eden 210 210 Mash kau John Indian male 89 father
Eden 210 210 Mash kau Wah own qua Indian female 75 mother
Eden 210 210 Jake Johnnie Indian male 5 boarder
Eden 210 210 Elliott Joseph Indian male 70 boarder
Eden 210 210 Shib she qua Indian female 80 boarder
Eden 211 211 Saw Wak Newton Indian male 30
Eden 211 211 Saw Wak Beny Indian male 10 son
Eden 211 211 Saw Wak Martha Indian female 7 daughter
Eden 211 211 Saw Wak Johnnie Indian male 5 son
Eden 212 212 Chipewa Kelsey Indian male 40
Eden 212 212 Chipewa Ma ae qua Indian female 36 wife
Eden 212 212 Chipewa Joseph Indian male 17 son
Eden 212 212 Chipewa Heel? Indian male 15 son
Eden 212 212 Chipewa Nancy Indian female 7 daughter
Eden 212 212 Chipewa Alice Indian female 1 daughter
Eden 213 213 Cippwa Indian male 60 farming
Eden 213 213 Negish qu qua Indian female 57 wife
Eden 213 213 Mary Indian female 12 daughter
Eden 216 216 Blacksmith Jake Indian male 55 farming
Eden 216 216 Blacksmith Sah kush Indian female 50 wife
Eden 216 216 Blacksmith Benjamin Indian male 3 son
Eden 217 217 Shib I Shee John Indian male 67 farming
Eden 217 217 Shib I Shee Amy Indian female 50 wife
Eden 217 217 Shib I Shee Margrett Indian female 10 daughter
Eden 218 218 Ah she ke shik Indian male 99
Eden 218 218 Ke wah be qua Indian female 88
Eden 219 219 Rennet Joe Indian male 32
Eden 219 219 Rennet Sarah Indian female 47 wife
Eden 220 220 Licht David Indian male 80 farming
Eden 220 220 Licht Jane Indian female 32 daughter
Eden 220 220 Licht Sophia Indian female 82 wife
Eden 221 221 Anderson Peter Indian male 37 farming
Eden 221 221 Anderson Nancy Indian female 35 wife
Eden 221 221 Anderson Nancy Indian female 10 daughter
Eden 221 221 Anderson Eva Indian female 6 daughter
Eden 221 221 Anderson Mary Indian female 2 daughter
Eden 223 223 Elliott David Indian male 40 farming
Eden 223 223 Elliott Eliza Indian female 36 wife
Eden 224 224 Gah ge jre con qua Indian male 44
Eden 224 224 Mary Indian female 17
Eden 224 224 Margrett Indian female 7 daughter
Eden 224 224 Martha Indian female 3 daughter
Eden 225 225 Gah go John Indian male 35 farming
Eden 225 225 Gah go Annie Indian female 25 wife
Eden 225 225 Gah go Martha Indian female 8 daughter
Eden 225 225 Gah go Ward Indian male 4 son
Eden 225 225 Gah go Thaddeus Indian male 2 son
Eden 225 225 Gah go Big Marsh Indian male 70 father
Eden 226 226 Licht Josiah Indian male 35 Laborer
Eden 226 226 Licht Maryan Indian female 29 wife
Eden 226 226 Licht Joseph Indian male 12 son
Eden 226 226 Licht Henry Indian male 11 son
Eden 226 226 Licht Caroline Indian female 5 daughter
Eden 226 226 Licht David Indian male 2 son
Eden 227 227 Shamboo John Indian male 36 farming
Eden 227 227 Shamboo Mary Indian female 20 wife
Eden 227 227 Shamboo John Indian male 6 son
Eden 227 227 Shamboo Mary Indian female 2 daughter
Eden 227 227 Shamboo Wombiguinqua Indian female 8 mos daughter
Eden 228 228 Judson James Indian male 36 farming
Eden 228 228 Judson Angeline Indian female 27 wife
Eden 228 228 Judson Julia Indian female 12 daughter
Eden 228 228 Judson Elizabeth Indian female 10 daughter
Eden 228 228 Judson Ada Indian female 8 daughter
Eden 228 228 Judson Sarah Indian female 1 mo daughter
Eden 228 228 Judson Minerva Indian female 65 mother
Eden 229 229 Camburn Myron Indian male 47
Eden 229 229 Camburn Levi Indian male 14 son
Eden 229 229 Camburn Won qua Indian female 47 wife
Eden 229 229 Camburn Margrett Indian female 55 step mother
Eden 229 229 Hickey Manarreh Indian female 70 boarder
Eden 231 231 Beckwedst William Indian male 65 farming
Eden 231 231 Beckwedst Mary Indian female 60 wife
Eden 231 231 Beckwedst Sophia Indian female 32 daughter
Eden 231 231 Beckwedst Osale Indian female 17 daughter
Eden 231 231 Beckwedst Martha Indian female 15 daughter
Eden 231 231 Beckwedst Eliza Indian female 2 daughter
Eden 231 231 Beckwedst Angelica Indian female 105 mother
Eden 231 231 Hickey Daniel Indian male 20 son in law
Eden 232 232 Medavis Lewis Indian male 30 farming
Eden 232 232 Medavis Lydia Indian female 26 wife
Eden 232 232 Medavis Martha Indian female 10 daughter
Eden 232 232 Medavis Mary Ann Indian female 6 daughter
Eden 232 232 Medavis Nancy Indian female 4 daughter
Eden 232 232 Shaw Jacob Indian male 38 brother in law
Eden 232 232 Williams Angelica Indian female 17 boarder
Eden 234 234 McClelan Lewis Indian male 35 farming
Eden 234 234 McClelan Christine Indian female 40 wife
Eden 234 234 McClelan Jim Indian male 11 son
Eden 234 234 McClelan Moses Indian male 8 son
Eden 234 234 McClelan Juliette Indian female 4 daughter
Eden 235 235 Generau William Indian male 35 farming
Eden 235 235 Generau Betsy Indian female 29 wife
Eden 235 235 Generau Emma Indian female 12 daughter
Eden 235 235 Generau Eliza Indian female 5 daughter
Eden 235 235 Generau Isaac Indian male 6 mos son
Eden 235 235 Generau Solomon Indian male 17 son
Eden 237 237 Medocco Charlie Indian male 28 farming farming
Eden 237 237 Medocco Mary Indian female 23 wife
Eden 238 238 Bery Nancy Indian female 18
Eden 238 238 Bery Samuel Indian male 30 husband
Eden 239 239 Tucka nob qua John Indian male 26 farming farming
Eden 239 239 Tucka nob qua Sophia Indian female 18 wife
Eden 239 239 Tucka nob qua Maw bee Indian male 1 son
Eden 301 301 Ma ze may be qua Indian male 55 farming
Eden 301 301 Ba may re may qua Indian female 22 daughter
Eden 301 301 Jane Indian female 3 daughter
Eden 301 301 John Indian male 3 mos son
Eden 301 301 King Mary Indian female 45 boarder
Eden 301 301 Bluck mark Joe Indian male 50 boarder
Eden 307 307 Bean John Indian male 80 farming
Eden 307 307 Bean Mary Indian female 85 wife
Eden 307 307 Bean Peter Indian male 22 son
Eden 307 307 Bean George Indian male 10 nephew
Eden 307 307 Bean Johnnie Indian male 9 nephew
Eden 308 308 Mc Colum John Indian male 30
Eden 308 308 Mc Colum San gutch Indian female 23 wife
Eden 308 308 Mc Colum William Indian male 12 son
Eden 308 308 Mc Colum Martha Indian female 10 daughter
Eden 308 308 Mc Colum Ca ga gum Indian male 5 mos son
Eden 309 309 Green William Indian male 55
Eden 309 309 Green Ob no qua Indian female 50 wife
Eden 309 309 Green John Indian male 26 son works on river
Eden 309 309 Showern John Indian male 14 nephew
Eden 310 310 Baker George Indian male 22 Laborer
Eden 310 310 Baker Nancy Indian female 18 wife
Eden 311 311 Mish ega kak Indian female 57
Eden 311 311 Amo Indian male 16 son
Eden 312 312 Toong quash Indian male 61 Laborer
Eden 312 312 Scrin sare be Indian female 60 wife
Eden 312 312 Osh ta Indian female 18 daughter

Footnotes:   [ + ]

1. Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.
2. Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of U.S. Census Taking: Population and Housing Questions, 1790–1990, 1989, p. 30.