The following 409 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 6 (color) of the 1860 census for Mason County Michigan. Many researchers believe that Native American’s were not enumerated until 1870, however, in 1860 the following instructions were issued to the US Marshall’s:

Indians not taxed are not to be enumerated. The families of Indians who have renounced tribal rule, and who under state or territory laws exercise the rights of citizens, are to be enumerated. 1Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.

So the following 409 people identified in the 1860 Mason County Michigan census are believed to have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens to be enumerated.

The records below contains only those in a household who were identified by an I for their color. There may be others in the household who are not identified below and that will be on the actual census images.

 

Footnotes:   [ + ]

1. Eighth Census, United States—1860. Instructions to U.S. Marshals, p. 14.