Caughnawaga Tribe

Caughnawaga Indians (Gă-hnă-wă-‘ge, ‘at the rapids’ ). Caughnawaga is an Iroquois settlement on the Sault St Louis on St Lawrence River, Quebec. The majority of the emigrants came from the Oneida and Mohawk, and the Mohawk tongue, somewhat modified, became the speech of the whole body of this village. The Iroquois made several unsuccessful efforts to induce the converts to return to the confederacy, and finally renounced them in 1684, from which time Caughnawaga became an important auxiliary of the French in their wars with the English and the Iroquois.

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