Location: Quebec Canada

Biography of Richard S. Rutherford

As a man among men, possessed of integrity, ability and perseverance; as a soldier, whose steady and constant service in the struggle for the punishment of treason and the wiping out of the insult to the stars and stripes was valiant and brave; as a business operator, whose wisdom and enterprise have been well manifested: the subject of this sketch stands, and it is fitting that a representation of him be granted space in this volume of Malheur’s history. Richard S. was born in Armagh county, near Bellfast, Ireland, on February 22, 1840, being the son of Thomas and Amelia (Parks) Rutherford, who emigrated to this country when this son was eighteen months old. They settled in Quebec, Canada, whence in 1848 they came to Niagara county, New York. In 1852 they removed to Tuscola county, Michigan, and few years later our subject started in life for himself, his first move was to Scott county, Missouri, where he lived until the breaking out of the Civil War. At that particular time he was in charge of a plantation. On the tenth day of August, 186l, he offered his services to fight the battles of the nation, enlisting in Company H, Eighth Missouri Volunteer Infantry, being in the Fifteenth Army Corps under General Logan and in Sherman’s Division. He went in as a private and helped with good will to...

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Wyandot Indians

Wyandot Tribe: Meaning perhaps “islanders,” or “dwellers on a peninsula.” Occasionally spelled Guyandot. At an earlier date usually known as Huron, a name given by the French from huré, “rough,” and the depreciating suffix -on. Also called: Hatindiaβointen, Huron name of Huron of Lorette. Nadowa, a name given to them and many other Iroquoian tribes by Algonquians. Telamatenon, Delaware name, meaning “coming out of a mountain or cave.” Thastchetci’, Onondaga name. Connection. The Wyandot belonged to the Iroquoian linguistic family. Wyandot Location. The earliest known location of the Huron proper was the St. Lawrence Valley and the territory of the present province of Ontario from Lake Ontario across to Georgian Bay. The Tionontati were just west of them on Lake Huron. (See also Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.) Wyandot Villages There are said to have been four confederated Huron tribes in the time of Champlain. Cartier, who first met these people, gives the following town names: Araste, on or near St. Lawrence River below the site of Quebec. Hagonchenda, on St. Lawrence River not far from the point where it is joined by Jacques Cartier River. Hochelaga, on Montreal Island. Hochelay, probably near Point Platon, Quebec. Satadin, location uncertain. Stadacona, on the site of the present Quebec. Starnatan, just below the site of Quebec. Tailla, near Quebec. Teguenondahi, location uncertain. Tutonaguay, 25 leagues above the site of...

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1851 Rimouski Canada Directory

A Village and Seigniory situated in the County of Rimouski and District of Quebec, C. E., on the south shore of the River St. Lawrence distant below Quebec, 180 miles. Population, about 4000. In the following Directory the names which appear in CAPITALS are those of subscribers to the work. Alphabetical List Of Professions, Trades, &C. GAUVREAU, P., postmaster, custom house officer, Crown lands agent, wharfinger, and N. P. TACHE J. C., M. D., and M. P. P. TANGUAY, REV. CYPRIEN, Roman Catholic. Non Members Baquet, Joseph. hailiff. Beaumont, Fabien, tailor: Boucher, Xavier, saw mill. Bradley, S., saw mill and J. P. Bradley & Couillard, general store. Briant, Henri, surveyor. Chasse, Benjamin, carpenter. Chouirnard, Felix, general store. Coburn, Richard, tailor. Coté, M., general store. Corriveau, Jean, grist mill. Couture, Louis, tanner. Couture, F., J. P. Crawley, Hector, innkeeper and general store. Deroche, Pierre, bailiff. Dion, E., tailor. Dion, Firmin, blacksmith. Dion, Thomas, tinsmith. Dion, Gaspard, joiner. Duberger, Bernard, joiner. Duplessis, A. & A., blacksmiths. Filion, Napoléon, painter. Filion, J. B., saw mill. Fortier, Charles, plasterer. Fortier, Thomas, plasterer. Fournier, Prospere, shoemaker. Gagne, Thomas, blacksmith. Gagnon, George, mason. Gagnon, Ignace, shoemaker. Garon, L. F., deputy registrar and secretary municipal council. Garon, Joseph, N. P. and J. P. Garon, George, surveyor. Gauvreau, P. Ls., N. P. Gauvreau, Elzear, medical student. Gauvreau, Pierre, N. P. Harper, Joseph, millwright. Harper, Joseph, jun., tailor....

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Biography of Moses Lore

MOSES LORE. – It is with especial pleasure that we respond to the invitation to say a few words relative to the career of the estimable gentleman and distinguished pioneer whose name is at the beginning of this article because he is perhaps the oldest resident of Union county, and also because he has been a potent factor in developing not only the resources of this county, but of other frontier regions in his long and eventful life. The whole range of frontier life, as trapping, mining, fighting Indians, beating off robbers, and breaking up the virgin soil, and establishing homes, and in assisting in handling the affairs of the community in its incipiency, have all been experienced by him and it is matter of great regret that we have not more space to devote to the interesting details of the thrilling adventures of his life. But, turning more definitely to the specific matters in hand. Mr. Lore was born near Montreal, Canada, in October, 1804, nearly one hundred years ago, being the son of Henry and Margaret Lore, who were agricultural people, natives of France, and early settlers of Canada. He was occupied in his younger days on the ranch with his father and in the winter went to the timber and rafted down to Quebec for two springs. When he arrived at the age twenty-six years he...

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Blair, Louis – Obituary

Louis Blair, 63, Taken By Death Louis Blair, 63, Kittitas valley resident for the past 49 years, died at his home in Ellensburg at 10 a.m., November 05, 1949. A native of Quebec, Canada, Blair was a former Kittitas county employe and more recently was employed by the Schaake Packing Company. Blair was the father of Mrs. Berniece Dossey of Chandler, Arizona, well known professional Rodeo trick rider. Also surviving him are his widow, Winifred; four sisters, Mrs. Helen Jensen of Ellensburg, Mrs. Leva Nicol of Ellensburg, Mrs. Lena Arps of Soap Lake and Mrs. Liza Hayes of Ellensburg, and one grandson. Funeral arrangements have not been completed. Contributed by: Cathy...

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Arps, Lena E. – Obituary

Lena E. Arps, 77 died at her home at 409 S. Pearl, Monday March 16, 1970. She was born October 26, 1892 at Quebec, Canada. She came to Ellensburg in 1900 and was married to Ira Stillwell, November 10, 1915 in Ellensburg. He preceded her in death in 1929. She married Herman O. Arps in October, 1946 in Albany, Oregon and they have made their home in Ellensburg. She was a member of the Moose Lodge. She is survived by her husband, one son, Mark Stillwell, Richland, a daughter, Mrs. Thelma Grant, Ellensburg, a sister, Mrs. Leza Hayes, Ellensburg, six grandchildren, three great grandchildren, 12 step grandchildren, and one step great grandchild and three step daughters, Mrs. Shirley Madsen, Helena, Montana, Mrs. Donna Middleton, California, and Mrs. Marie Freeman, Atlanta, Georgia. Funeral services Wednesday 2 P.M. at Evenson Chapel. Rev. Albert Sweet will officiate. Burial follows in I.O.O.F. Cemetery Contributed by: Cathy...

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Temiscaming Tribe

Temiscaming Indians (from Nipissing Timikaming, with intrusive s due to Canadian French; sig. ‘in the deep water ‘, from timiw ‘it is deep’ , gaming ‘in the water’ ). A band of Algonkin, closely related to the Abittibi, formerly living about Temiscaming Lake, Quebec. They were friendly to the French, and rendered them valuable service during the attack of the English under Peter Schuyler in 1691. There were 205 in 1903 and 245 in 1910, two-thirds of them half-breeds, on a reservation at the head of Lake Temiscaming, in Pontiac District, Quebec. Alternate Spellings: Outemiskamegs. Bacqueville de la Potherie, Hist II, 49, 1722. Tamescamengs. McKenney and Hall, Ind. Tribes, III, 82, 1854. Temiscamings. Bellin, map, 1755. Temiscamins. Denonville (1687) in N. Y. Doc. Col. Hist., IX, 361, 1855. Temiskaming. Can. Ind. Aff. Rep., 55, 1906. Temiskamink. Lahontan, New Voy., 1, 231, 1703. Temiskamnik. Lahontan (1703) quoted by Richardson, Arct. Exped., II, 39, 1851. Themiscamings. LaBarre (1683) in N. Y. Doc. Col. Hist., IX, 798, 1855. Themiskamingues. Bacqueville de la Potherie, Hist I, 329, 1722. Themistamens. Du Chesneau (1681) in Margry, Dec., II, 267, 1877. Timigaming. Hennepin, Cont. of New Discov., map, 1698. Timiscamiouetz. Jefferys, Fr. Doms., pt. I, 1761. Timiscimi. Jes. Rel., 1640, 34, 1858. Timiskaming. Baraga, Eng.-Otch. Dict., 301, 1878. Timmisca-mems. Keane in Stanford, Compend., 539, 1878. Tomiscamings. Toussaint, Map of Am., 1839. Temochichi. See Tomochichi. Temoksee. A...

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Micmac Tribe

Micmac Indians, Mi’kmaq First Nation. (Migmak, ‘allies’; Nigmak, ‘our allies.’ Hewitt). Alternative names for the Micmac, which can be found in historical sources, include Gaspesians, Souriquois, Acadians and Tarrantines; in the mid-19th century Silas Rand recorded the word wejebowkwejik as a self-ascription. 1McGee, Harold Franklin, Jr. Micmac-Mi’kmaq, published online in The Canadian Encyclopedia, 2012. An important Algonquian tribe that occupied Nova Scotia, Cape Breton and Prince Edward Islands, the north part of New Brunswick, and probably points in south and west Newfoundland. While their neighbors the Abnaki have close linguistic relations with the Algonquian tribes of the great lakes, the Micmac...

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Iroquois Tribe

Iroquois Indians, Iroquois People, Iroquois First Nation (Algonkin: Irinakhoiw, ‘real adders’, with the French suffix –ois). The confederation of Iroquoian tribes known in history, among other names, by that of the Five Nations, comprising the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca. Their name for themselves as a political body was Oñgwanonsioñni’, ‘we are of the extended lodge.’ Among the Iroquoian tribes kinship is traced through the blood of the woman only; kinship means membership in a family, and this in turn constitutes citizenship in the tribe, conferring certain social, political, and religious privileges, duties, and rights which are denied to persons of alien blood; but, by a legal fiction embodied in the right of adoption, the blood of the alien may be figuratively changed into one of the strains of the Iroquoian blood, and thus citizenship may be conferred on a person of alien lineage. In an Iroquoian tribe the legislative, judicial, and executive functions are usually exercised by one and the same class of persons, commonly called chiefs in English, who are organized into councils. There are three grades of chiefs. The chiefship is hereditary in certain of the simplest political units in the government of the tribe; a chief is nominated by the suffrages of the matrons of this unit, and the nomination is confirmed by the tribal and the federal councils. The functions of the three...

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Huron Tribe

Commonly known as the Huron Tribe, Huron Indians, Huron People, Huron First Nation, Wyandot Tribe, and Wyandot Indians (Huron – lexically from French huré, bristly,’ ‘bristled,’ from hure, rough hair’ (of the head), head of man or beast, wild boar’s head; old French, ‘muzzle of the wolf, lion,’ etc., ‘the scalp,’ ‘a wig’; Norman French, huré, ‘rugged’; Roumanian, hurée, ‘rough earth,’ and the suffix –on, expressive of depreciation and employed to form nouns referring to persons). The name Huron, frequently with an added epithet, like vilain, ‘base,’ was in use in France as early as 1358 1La Curne deSainte-Palaye...

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Bersiamite Tribe

Bersiamite Indians. One of the small Algonquian tribes composing the eastern group of the Montagnais, inhabiting the banks of Bersimis River , which enters St. Lawrence River near the gulf. These Indians became known to the French at an early date, and being of a peaceable and tractable disposition, were soon brought under the influence of the missionaries. They were accustomed to assemble once a year with cognate tribes at Tadoussac for the purpose of trade, but these have melted away under the influence of civilization. A trading post called Bersimis, at the mouth of Bersimis River, had in 1902 some 405 Indians attached to it, but whether any of them were Bersiamite is not...

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Pennacook Tribe

Pennacook Indians (cognate with Abnaki pěnâ-kuk, or penankuk, ‘at the bottom of the of hill or highland.’ Gerard). A confederacy of Algonquian tribes that occupied the basin of Merrimac river and the adjacent region in New Hampshire, northeast Massachusetts, and the extreme south part of Maine. They had an intermediate position between the southern New England tribes, with whom the English were most directly interested, and the Abnaki and others farther north, who were under French influence. Their alliances were generally with the northern tribes, and later with the French. It has been supposed that they were an offshoot of the southern tribes, as they spoke substantially the same language as the Massachusetts and Rhode Island Indians, and are generally classed with the Mahican. We know the confederacy only as constituted under the influence and control of Passaconaway, who probably brought into it elements from various tribes of the same general stock. The tribes directly composing the confederacy were: Agawam, Wamesit, Nashua, Souhegan, Amoskeag, Pennacook proper, and Winnipesaukee. The first three of these were in Massachusetts, the others in New Hampshire. The Accominta of Maine and the Naumkeag of Essex County, Massachusetts, were merged in larger tribes and disappeared at an early period. Besides these, the following tribes were more or less connected with the confederacy and usually considered a part of it: Wachuset, Coosuc, Squamscot, Winnecowet, Piscataqua, and...

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Pocomtuc Tribe

Pocomtuc Indians, Deerfield Indians. A tribe formerly living on Deerfield and Connecticut rivers, in Franklin County, Massachusetts. Their principal village, of the same name, was near the present Deerfield, and they were frequently known as Deerfield Indians. They had a fort on Fort Dill in the same vicinity, which was destroyed by the Mohawk after a hard battle in 1666. They were an important tribe, and seem to have ruled overall the other Indians of the Connecticut Valley within the limits of Massachusetts, including those at Agawam, Nonotue, and Squawkeag. They combined with the Narraganset and Tunxis in the attacks on Uncas, the Mohegan chief. All these joined the hostile Indians under King Philip in 1675, and at the close of the war in the following year fled to Scaticook, on the Hudson, where some of them remained until about 1754, when they joined the Indians in the French interest at St Francis,...

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Biography of George T. Wilson

Not alone to the men of daring initiative in the fields of manufacture and merchandising does Rock Island County owe its greatness in the world of commerce, but also to the mechanics whose unsurpassed skill and industry have contributed, in larger measure than we always realize, to our worldwide reputation for all that is best in our manifold lines of product. In the front ranks of these skilled artisans is Mr. George T. Wilson, the well known carriage iron worker, foreman of the blacksmithing department of the Velie Carriage Company. Mr. Wilson was born under Her Britannic Majesty’s Flag, in the Province of Quebec, in October, 1839. Fifty-three years later, namely, 1892, he, with his wife, Mary E. and their two sons, Edgar H., a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this book, and Ross P., removed to Moline. As foreman of the iron department of the D. M. Sechler Carriage Company, he continued for the period of seven years, when, his health declining, he resigned that charge and engaged in partnership with his elder son, Edgar H., in the grocery business, which the latter was conducting at the time, on Third Avenue, Moline. His health failed to improve and he was obliged to retire from this business also. “Time heals all wounds ” and often restores broken health, as happily was the case with Mr. Wilson, so that...

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Biography of Julius T. Fyfer

JULIUS T. FYFER. – “Blest be the tie that binds.” We mean the railroad tie. Civilization goes on steel. Only a few of the most hardy and adventurous would come to Oregon “the plains across” or “the Horn around.” By rail we have the world; and the daily, semi-daily and hourly trains that speed to and fro are the pulse-beat of national life. The gentleman whose name appears above followed the railroad as it was built, and is now a leading citizen at the important place of Huntington. He was born in Quebec, Canada, in 1843, but removed to New York at an early age. During the war he served as assistant to his brother, who was a sutler of the Seventy-second New York Volunteers. Returning to civil life in 1865, he busied himself in the oil fields of Pennsylvania until the gigantic enterprise of connecting the Atlantic with the Pacific by rail attracted him to the extensive opportunities of the West. At Cheyenne, then the terminus of the Union Pacific, he found employment in railway construction, and followed the road steadily to its junction with the Central Pacific, – seeing the golden spike driven home, the last blow upon which was felt in every telegraph office in the union. Mining in Idaho and Montana engaged his attention until the Short Line was undertaken; and he then found work...

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