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Location: Oklahoma City Oklahoma

Slave Narrative of Alice Douglass

Person Interviewed: Alice Douglass Location: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Place of Birth: Sumner County, Tennessee Date of Birth: December 22, 1860 Age: 73 I was born December 22, 1880 in Summer County, Tennessee. My mother, I mean mammy, ’cause what did we know ’bout mother and mama. Master and Mistress made dey chillun call all nigger women. “Black Harmy.” Jest as I was saying my mammy was named Millie Elkins and my pappy was named Isaac Garrett. My sisters and brothers was Frank, Susie and Mollie. They is all in Nashville, Tennessee right now. They lived in log houses. I ‘member my grandpappy and when he died. I allus slept in the Big House in a cradle wid white babies. We all the time wore cotton dresses and we weaved our own cloth. The boys jest wore shirts. Some wore shoes, and I sho’ did. I kin see ’em now as they measured my feets to git my shoes. We had doctors to wait on us iffen we got sick and ailing. We wore asafedida to keep all diseases offen us. When a nigger man got ready to marry, he go and tell his master that they was a woman on sech and sech a farm that he’d lak to have. Iffen master give his resent, then he go and ask her master and iffen he say yes, well, they...

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Slave Narrative of Robert R. Grinstead

Person Interviewed: Robert R. Grinstead Location: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Place of Birth: Lawrence County, Mississippi Date of Birth: Feb. 17, 1857 Age: 80 I was born in Lawrence County, Mississippi, February 17, 1857. My father’s name is Elias Grinstead, a German, and my mother’s name is Ann Greenstead after that of her master. I am a son by my mother and her Master. I have four other half brother: William (Bill) oldest, Albert, Silas, and John. I was only eight years of age at freedom and for that reason I was too young to work and on account of being the son of my Master’s I received no hard treatment and did little or no work. Yet, I wore the same clothing as did the rest of the slaves: a shirt of lowell for summer and shirt and trousers for winter and no shoes. I could walk through a briar patch in my bare feet without sticking one in the bottom of my feet as they were so hard and resistant. I was the only child of my Master as he had no wife. When the war broke out he went to the war and left the plantation in charge of his overseer and his two sisters. As the overseers were hard for them to get along with they were oftener without an overseer as with one, and therefore...

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Slave Narrative of James Southall

Person Interviewed: James Southall Location: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Place of Birth: Clarksville, Tennessee Age: 82 I was born in Clarksville, Tenn. My father was Wesley and my mother was Hagar Southall. Our owner was Dr. John Southall, an old man. Father always belonged to him but he bought my mother when she was a young girl and raised her. She never knew anything ’bout her people but my father’s mother lived with us in de quarter’s at Master Southall’s. Master John never sold any of his slaves. We was known as “Free niggers.” Master said he didn’t believe it was right to own human beings just because dey was black, and he freed all his slaves long before de war. He give ‘en all freedom papers and told dem dat dey was as free as he was and could go anywhere dey wanted. Dey didn’t have no where to go so we all stayed on wid him. It was nice though to know we could go where we pleased ‘thout having to get a pass and could come back when we pleased even if we didn’t take advantage of it. He told his slaves dat dey could stay on at his farm but dey would have to work and make a living for deyselves and families. Old Master managed de farm and bought all de food and clothes for...

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Biographical Sketch of Eugene Warren Martin

(See Oolootsa, Ross) Eugene Warren, son of William Henry and Sarah Jane (Lowrey) Martin, born January 30, 1886, was educated in Tahlequah District and the Male Seminary. Married at Oklahoma City, April 1, 1915 Neva, daughter of Hosea Claude and Alice I. Frizielle, born Dec. 19, 1889 in Polk County Missouri. She was educated in the Public Schools in Oklahoma City. They are the parents of Pauline Mae, born Dec. 22, 1917 Harold Leroy Martin, born May 24, 1919. Mr. Martin is a business man in Oklahoma City. William Henry Martin is a grand son of Hercules Martin a fullblood Cherokee, and Cherokee name was Clogase. Hercules in was one of the best known and most proficient interpreters and clerical man of his day in the Cherokee...

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Biographical Sketch of Mrs. Snowden Parlette

(See Oolootsa) James Columbus Morris married Ellen F. McElrath, and they were the parents of Mary Trimble Morris, born at Fort Gibson October 5, 1882, and was educated at Tahlequah and the Female Seminary. She married at Tahlequah May 15, 1898, Snowden, son of Franklin and Alice Parlette, born Jan. 29, 1880 in Wamego, Kansas. He was educated in Baker University and graduated from Harvard University. They are the parents of John, born April 17, 1911, and Snowden Parlette, born Jan 16, 1918. Mr. Parlette is in the wholesale book and stationery business in Oklahoma City. He is a thirty-second degree Mason and one of the most substantial business men of Oklahoma City. Mrs. Parlette is a member of the Daughters of Revolution and Daughters of the Confederacy. Ellen F. McElrath was born March 18, 1846 in Knoxville County, Tennessee. She married in 1865, Major James Columbus Morris born July 13, 1843. Major Morris was an officer of the Confederacy in his native State. He died in...

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Biographical Sketch of Mrs. W. L. Brown

(See Downing) Leona Deen, daughter of Clement and Rebecca Caroline (Bryan) Hayden, was born August 18, 1886, at Chouteau. She was educated in her native village and Stephens College, Columbia, Mo. She married at Chouteau March 5, 1905, William L., son of Wifford C. Brown and Sarah Francis Brown, born July 7, 1883, in Anderson County, Ky. He was educated in his native county and Danville, Ind., and graduated from Waddy College, Waddy, Ky. They are the parents of Eloise Caroline, born Feb. 8, 1906, Charles Hayden, born Aug 5, 1907 and William L. Jr. born Sept. 1, 1909,. Mr. Brown is a business man in Oklahoma City and they are members of the Methodist church. Clement Hayden, born March 20, 1846, in Benton County, Arkansas. Married March 7, 1869, Rebecca Caroline Bryan, born Jan. 30, 1850. She died July 9, 1917. They were the parents of Mrs. Leona D. Brown. Clement Hayden died May 2nd,...

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Biography of Sidney Clarke

Sidney Clarke, one of the early members of Congress from Kansas, was born at Southbridge, Massachusetts. October 16. 1831, and in his early manhood published and edited a weekly newspaper which he had founded in his native town. He became an active free-soil advocate, supported Fremont in 1856. and three years later, upon the advice of his physician, went west and located at Lawrence. He hecame an ardent supporter of the radical wing of the free-state party, and in 1862 was elected to the State Legislature. The following year President Lincoln appointed him adjutant general of volunteers, and he was assigned to duty as acting assistant provost marshal general for the District of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and Dakota, with headquarters at Fort Leavenworth. The same year he was made chairman of the Republican State Committee, a position previously held by the ablest of the old frcestate leaders. In 1864 he was elected to Congress and re-elected for two succseding terms, serving as chairman of the House Committee on Indian Affairs and a member of the Pacific Railroad Commission. He participated in all the leading conflicts which made the history of Congress memorable during the six years he was a member of that body. The defeat of the Osage Indian treaty and the passage of the Clarke bill saved to Kansas much of her public school lands. During his three...

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Biography of George B. Franks

George B. Franks. Considered as an art, landscape gardening is one that has a definite place in life, appealing to and satisfying that innate sense of the beautiful that all possess to some degree. Nature points the way and it is the precious gift of the landscape gardener to be able to reproduce, in limited space, her noble effects and most pleasing arrangement of tree, shrub and flower. The wonderful facility in this direction, as in other artistic talents, is largely an inherited gift, although to make it practical, of course, there must be much definite knowledge, mathematical and otherwise. Perhaps no university grounds in the country, and certainly none other in the State, have been as carefully and tastefully laid out as those of the University of Illinois and this admirable example of landscape gardening will long perpetuate the name of Franks, a name that has been identified here with flowers and gardening for almost a half century. The business, established in 1871 by the late Thomas Edward Franks, is prosperously continued by his son and partner, George B. Franks, the leading florist and very prominent citizen of Champaign. George B. Franks was born at Champaign, Illinois, November 2, 1879. His parents were Thomas Edward and Annie (English) Franks, the former of who was born in England and the latter in Ireland. Thomas Edward Franks was a nurseryman...

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Biography of Calvin M. Hill

Calvin M. Hill. One of the long established business houses of Topeka, and one which has established itself firmly in the confidence of the public by reason of the honorable manner in which its affairs have been conducted, is the wholesale wall paper and retail paint business of Calvin M. Hill. Mr. Hill has been a resident of Kansas for thirty-four years, having come here with his parents in 1882, and, with the exception of four years has been identified with the painting and decorating business throughout his career. His present enterprise was started in a small way sixteen years ago, and from its start has prospered and developed. Mr. Hill was born at Carrollton, Greene County, Illinois, October 27, 1867, and is one of eight children (of whom six are still living) born to Samuel B. and Mary (Hutchins) Hill. His parents came to Kansas in 1882, locating at Marion, where his father was engaged in the painting business until his death. The mother still survives. Calvin M. Hill was primarily educated in the public schools of Illinois and was fifteen years of age when he accompanied his parents to Kansas. He was graduated from the Marion High School in 1889, subsequently spending one year in study at the State Normal School, Emporia, and thus prepared himself for teaching, which he thought to make his regular calling at...

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Biography of G. O. Hall, M. D.

The career of Dr. G. O. Hall, a leading physician of Bartlesville, is proof of the fact that it is only under adverse conditions that the best and strongest in the individual are developed, for he is a self-educated, self-made man whose indomitable purpose and untiring effort have enabled him to overcome all obstacles and difficulties in his path and work his way steadily forward to the goal of success. A native of Texas, he was born September 1, 1882, and is a son of Dr. P. B. Hall, who for the past twenty-one years has been engaged in the practice of medicine at Marlow, Oklahoma, being one of the well known physicians of that locality. G. O. Hall was regarded as a dull boy in school and owing to his retiring nature was not popular with his playmates, but by those who knew him well he was loved and trusted. His early life was one of hardship and privations and when twelve years of age he was run over by a wagon, the injury causing an infection which necessitated the use of crutches for five years, and he is still lame. The accident nearly cost him his life and he was obliged to remain out of school for three years but studied at home and made three grades during this time. His parents were in straitened circumstances and...

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Biography of Omer Romanes Young

An extensive clientele attests the ability of Omer Romanes Young in the practice of law, to which he has devoted his attention since 1915, and he now ranks with the leading representatives of the Miami bar. He was born on a farm near Hartville, in Wright county, Missouri, October 16, 1883, his parents being Jackson Davis and Sarah Ann (Smith) Young, the former a native of Tennessee and the latter of Illinois. In young manhood the father went to Missouri, settling in Wright county, where he devoted his attention to farming and stock raising, in which he won a gratifying measure of success. In 1892 he removed to Ardmore, where be resided until 1907, when he established his home in Norman in order that he might give his children better educational advantages, and is still living there, while the mother also survives. He stands high in his community, being recognized as a public-spirited and progressive citizen whose influence is ever on the side of advancement and improvement. In religious faith he is a Baptist, and his political allegiance is given to the Republican Party. Reared upon a farm, Omer R. Young attended the public schools of Missouri and Oklahoma to the age of fifteen, when he entered business-life as a clerk in a store at Velma, Oklahoma, filling that position for five and a half years. Going to Dallas,...

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Biography of Browning E. Lewis

Browning E. Lewis is identified with one of the representative business interests of Strang, Mayes county, as president and manager of the Cherokee Grain & Mercantile Company. He was born near Clinton, Henry County, Missouri, on the 11th of January, 1884, a son of Joe L. and Elizabeth (Wilson) Lewis. The father was born in Ohio and the mother in Kentucky. They both went to Missouri at an early age, with their respective parents, and their marriage was celebrated in Clinton, that state. In 1886 they came to Fairland, Oklahoma, and the father was active in the conduct of a mercantile establishment until 1916, when he removed to Strang. He achieved substantial success in the mercantile business and is now living retired here, enjoying the fruits of a life spent in diligence and industry. His wife is also living and they are highly esteemed citizens in the community. To their union seven children were born, three sons and four daughters. Browning E. Lewis, whose name initiates this review, was the fifth in order of birth. In the acquirement of an education he attended the public schools of Fairland and was graduated from the high school at Vinita with the class of 1905. He then enrolled as a student in the Epworth University at Oklahoma City, where he completed his course in the required time. His first occupation upon putting...

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Biography of Carl E. Seastrand

Carl E. Seastrand, manager for the John Lumbard Tire & Supply Company of Muskogee, was born in Sweden on the 12th of April, 1877, and is a son of Carl A. and Christina Sjostrand, who were also natives of Sweden. The father was a shoe merchant in that country, devoting his entire life to the business. He also engaged in the manufacture of shoes, employing twelve men in that connection. He died in February, 1918, and is still survived by his widow, who yet makes her home in Sweden. Carl E. Seastrand was reared and educated in his native country, supplementing his public school training by a business course. He was then employed as a bookkeeper in a wholesale grocery house for a period of two years, after which he went upon the road for the same house, traveling through northern Sweden until 1907, when he came to America, attracted by the opportunities of the new world. He first made his way to Detroit, Michigan, where he went to work in the Morgan & Wright factory and there learned the tire business, becoming familiar with every phase of the trade during the year in which he remained with the house. In 1908 Mr. Seastrand arrived in Oklahoma and secured a position as bookkeeper with the Lumbard & Severin Tire Company of Oklahoma City, with which he remained until 1912,...

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Biography of Martin E. Turner

Martin E. Turner, who has been numbered among the able representatives of the legal fraternity at Eufaula for the past decade, is now practicing successfully as a member of the firm of Turner, Turner, Harley & Paris. His birth occurred in Columbia, Missouri, on the 2d of May, 1878, his parents being George W. and Elizabeth J. (Martin) Turner, both of whom were also natives of that state, where the father followed general agricultural pursuits throughout his entire business career. During the period of the Civil war he was captured while endeavoring to reach Price’s army and was incarcerated in Andersonville prison for a short time. He passed away on the 26th of November, 1893, but is still survived by his widow, who now resides in Oklahoma City. Martin E. Turner was reared and educated o in his native city and obtained his professional training in the University of Missouri, from the law department of which institution he was graduated as a member of the class of 1897-98. For a year he practiced in Columbia, Missouri, and in 1901 removed to Blackwell, Oklahoma, where he capably filled the position of city attorney for four terms. Subsequently he took up his abode at Newkirk, Oklahoma, where he engaged in the practice of law as a member of the firm of Moss & Turner until 1908, when he made his way...

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Biography of John Lumbard

The name of John Lumbard is closely interwoven with the history of Muskogee, for he remained an active factor in the development and progress of this section of the state to the time of his death. He was born in Sweden, May 21, 1862, and was a son of William and Catherine Lumbard, who were also natives of that country. The father was warden of the Lutheran church in Sweden, to which he belonged through the greater part of his life, and was always a faithful follower of the teachings and high purposes of the church. He died in Sweden in 1892, and his wife passed away in the same year. John Lumbard, whose name introduces this review, spent the period of his boyhood and youth in his native country, pursuing Mr. Nolle is a member of the United Brethren church and is his education in the public schools, while subsequently he worked in the sawmills there until he determined to try his fortunes in the new world. On the 28th of February, 1891, he reached the United States and took up his abode in Brooklyn, New York, where he worked until about 1895. At that time he entered the employ of Morgan & Wright at Chicago, when the firm first started business in an old box car on May street. He learned the tire business thoroughly, mastering every...

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