Location: Montreal Quebec Canada

Early Exploration and Native Americans

De Soto and his band gave to the Choctaws at Moma Binah and the Chickasaws at Chikasahha their first lesson in the white man’s modus operandi to civilize and Christianize North American Indians; so has the same lesson been continued to be given to that unfortunate people by his white successors from that day to this, all over this continent, but which to them, was as the tones of an alarm-bell at midnight. And one hundred and twenty-three years have passed since our forefathers declared all men of every nationality to be free and equal on the soil of the North American continent then under their jurisdiction, except the Africans whom they held in slavery, and the Native Americans against whom they decreed absolute extermination because they could not also enslave them; to prove which, they at once began to hold out flattering-inducements to the so-called oppressed people of all climes under the sun, to come to free America and assist them to oppress and kill off the Native Americans and in partnership take their lands and country, as this was more in accordance with their lust of wealth and speedy self-aggrandizement than the imagined slow process of educating, civilizing and Christianizing them, a work too con descending, too humiliating; and to demonstrate that it has been a grand and glorious success, we now point with vaunting pride and haughty...

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The Discovery Of This Continent, it’s Results To The Natives

In the year 1470, there lived in Lisbon, a town in Portugal, a man by the name of Christopher Columbus, who there married Dona Felipa, the daughter of Bartolome Monis De Palestrello, an Italian (then deceased), who had arisen to great celebrity as a navigator. Dona Felipa was the idol of her doting father, and often accompanied him in his many voyages, in which she soon equally shared with him his love of adventure, and thus became to him a treasure indeed not only as a companion but as a helper; for she drew his maps and geographical charts, and...

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Narrative of the captivity of Alexander Henry, Esq – Indian Captivities

Narrative of the captivity of Alexander Henry, Esq., who, in the time of Pontiac’s War, fell into the hands of the Huron Indians. Detailing a faithful account of the capture of the Garrison of Michilimacki-Nac, and the massacre of about ninety people. Written by himself. 1Mr. Henry was an Indian trader in America for about sixteen years. He came to Canada with the army of General Amherst, and previous to his being made prisoner by the Indians experienced a variety of fortune. His narrative, as will be seen, is written with great candor as well as ability, and to the discriminating reader needs no encomium. He was living in Montreal in 1809, as appears from the date of his preface to his Travels, which he published in New York that year, with a dedication to Sir Joseph Banks. Ed. When I reached Michilimackinac I found several other traders, who had arrived before me, from different parts of the country, and who, in general, declared the dispositions of the Indians to be hostile to the English, and even apprehended some attack. M. Laurent Ducharme distinctly informed Major Etherington that a plan was absolutely conceived for destroying him, his garrison and all the English in the upper country; but the commandant believing this and other reports to be without foundation, proceeding only from idle or ill-disposed persons, and of a tendency...

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Narrative of Robert Eastburn – Indian Captivities

A Faithful Narrative of the Many Dangers and Sufferings, as well as wonderful and surprising deliverances, of Robert Eastburn, during his late captivity among the Indians. Written by Himself. Published at the earnest request of many persons, for the benefit of the Public. With a recommendatory Preface by the Rev. Gilbert Tennent. Psalms 24, 6, 7, and 193, 2, 4. Philadelphia: Printed. Boston: Reprinted and sold by Green & Russell, opposite the Probate Office in Queen street, 1753. Preface Candid Reader: The author (and subject) of the ensuing narrative (who is a deacon of our church, and has been so for many years) is of such an established good character, that he needs no recommendation of others where he is known; a proof of which was the general joy of the inhabitants of this city, occasioned by his return from a miserable captivity; together with the readiness of divers persons to contribute to the relief of himself and necessitous family, without any request of his, or the least motion of that tendency. But seeing the following sheets are like to spread into many places where he is not known, permit me to say that, upon long acquaintance, I have found him to be a person of candor, integrity, and sincere piety, whose testimony may with safety be depended upon; which give his narrative the greater weight, and may induce...

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Life and travels of Colonel James Smith – Indian Captivities

James Smith, pioneer, was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, in 1737. When he was eighteen years of age he was captured by the Indians, was adopted into one of their tribes, and lived with them as one of themselves until his escape in 1759. He became a lieutenant under General Bouquet during the expedition against the Ohio Indians in 1764, and was captain of a company of rangers in Lord Dunmore’s War. In 1775 he was promoted to major of militia. He served in the Pennsylvania convention in 1776, and in the assembly in 1776-77. In the latter year he was commissioned colonel in command on the frontiers, and performed distinguished services. Smith moved to Kentucky in 1788. He was a member of the Danville convention, and represented Bourbon county for many years in the legislature. He died in Washington county, Kentucky, in 1812. The following narrative of his experience as member of an Indian tribe is from his own book entitled “Remarkable Adventures in the Life and Travels of Colonel James Smith,” printed at Lexington, Kentucky, in 1799. It affords a striking contrast to the terrible experiences of the other captives whose stories are republished in this book; for he was well treated, and stayed so long with his red captors that he acquired expert knowledge of their arts and customs, and deep insight into their character.

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Narrative of the Captivity of Frances Noble – Indian Captivities

Narrative of the captivity of Frances Noble, who was, among others, taken by the Indians from Swan Island, in Maine, about the year 1755; compiled by John Kelly, Esq. of Concord, New Hampshire, from the minutes and memoranda of Phinehas Merrill. Esq. of Stratham, in the same state; and by the Former Gen. Tleman communicated for publication to the editors of the Historical Collections of New Hampshire.

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Captivity and Redemption of Mrs. Jemima Howe – Indian Captivities

A particular account of the captivity and redemption of Mrs. Jemima Howe, who was taken prisoner by the Indians at Hinsdale, New Hampshire, on the twenty-seventh of July, 1765, as communicated to Dr. Belknap by the Rev. Bunker Gay. As Messrs. Caleb Howe, Hilkiah Grout, and Benjamin Gaffield, who had been hoeing corn in the meadow, west of the river, were returning home, a little before sunset, to a place called Bridgman’s fort, they were fired upon by twelve Indians, who had ambushed their path. Howe was on horseback, with two young lads, his children, behind him. A ball,...

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Narrative of the Captivity of Nehemiah How

A Narrative of the captivity of Nehemiah How, who was taken by the Indians at the Great Meadow Fort above Fort Dummer, where he was an inhabitant, October 11th, 1745. Giving an account of what he met with in his traveling to Canada, and while he was in prison there. Together with an account of Mr. How’s death at Canada. Exceedingly valuable for the many items of exact intelligence therein recorded, relative to so many of the present inhabitants of New England, through those friends who endured the hardships of captivity in the mountain deserts and the damps of loathsome prisons. Had the author lived to have returned, and published his narrative himself, he doubtless would have made it far more valuable, but he was cut off while a prisoner, by the prison fever, in the fifty-fifth year of his age, after a captivity of one year, seven months, and fifteen days. He died May 25th, 1747, in the hospital at Quebec, after a sickness of about ten days. He was a husband and father, and greatly beloved by all who knew him.

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Biography of John Evans Robertson

John Evans Robertson, a wellknown ice dealer of Concord, was born May 9, 1843, in Warner, N.H., son of Harrison D. and Sarah C. (Evans) Robertson, both of Warner. The families of both parents were old residents of Merrimack County, New Hampshire. The maternal ancestors originally came from Newburyport, Mass., where Grandfather Benjamin Evans officiated as Sheriff, being also a prominent business man. John E. Robertson attended the public schools of Warner, and subsequently fitted for college in the academy at Henniker, N.H. However, after leaving school at the age of eighteen, he did not go to college. In 1864 he went to Montreal, and there engaged in the produce business, under the firm name of Buck, Robertson & Co. Six years later, on account of ill health, he returned to Warner, where he conducted a country store until 1874, when he came to Concord. Here he was assistant cashier of the National Savings Bank for eight years. Beginning in 1882 he dealt in coal, wood, and ice until 1888, when he sold out on account of failing health. Three years later he resumed the ice business, which he still carries on. He is a trustee and the assistant treasurer of the National Savings Bank. When the institution went into liquidation in 1877, he was appointed assignee by the court. He is also a trustee of the Guarantee Savings...

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Biography of William Cant Sturoc

William Cant Sturoc, “the bard of Sunapee ,” as he is often called, was born November 4, 1822, in a humble, straw-thatched cottage in Arbroath, Scotland, son of Francis Sturoc and his wife, Ann (Cant) Sturoc. Doubtless, the poetic genius has descended to him from his paternal great-grandfather, James Sturoc, who wrote a book of “Hymns and Spiritual Songs,” and died in Panbride in 1750. Other distinguished members of the family were well known in the church. Among these was the Rev. David Sturoc, who was of ready speech and pen, and two generations ago repeatedly entered public debate with the renowned Dr. Wardlow, of Glasgow. Francis, the father of William, was well known as highly cultured and profoundly read, although throughout his life he followed mercantile occupations. Cantsland, an ancient estate in Kincardineshire, now in other hands, was for several hundred years in the possession of the Cants, the mother’s family. James Cant, the maternal grandfather of William C., and a resident St. Cyrus in the same county, was cousin to the famous Immanuel Cant, or Kant, who died in 1804. James had four daughters-Helen, Ann, Margaret, and Jane. His only son, John, died in Bridgeport, Conn. Ann Cant married Francis Sturoc, December 19, 1808, and to them were born ten children. The father died in 1851, aged seventy-seven years, after surviving the mother some years. William Cant,...

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Biography of Esdras N. Ouimette

ESDRAS N. OUIMETTE. – A portrait of Mr. Ouimette is placed in this work as a representative business man of Tacoma, Washington, and as one who located and pinned his faith to the City of Destiny in the early stages of its organization. Mr. Ouimette is a native of the province of Quebec, Canada, and was born in St. Eustache June 6, 1838. He was educated at the common schools, afterwards graduating from the St. Eustache College. He resided in his birthplace until twenty-two years of age. In 1860 he went to Montreal and engaged as clerk in a general merchandise store, where he remained for nearly five years. He then concluded to seek his fortune in the golden West, and came to Portland, Oregon, in the latter part of 1865,where he first found employment with the well-known dry-goods house of Jacob & Meyer. One year later he engaged in business for himself in Portland, where he remained until 869. He then removed his stock of goods to Olympia, Washington Territory, where for the following ten years he conducted a large and prosperous business. While in Olympia, Mr. Ouimette was looked upon as one of the most enterprising citizens of the Capital city, and held the office of Mayor of Olympia for two terms. Our subject was one of the first projectors, and mainly instrumental in the building, of...

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1851 Montreal Canada Directory, Plane Maker to Sail Maker

In the following Directory the names which appear in CAPITALS are those of subscribers to the work. Plane Makers DAWSON, JOHN, Alexander, near Lagauchetiere st. planes of every description and of the bet quality, constantly on hand, and for sale, on favorable terms. Wallace, Alexander, Lagauchetiere, near Bleury st. Planing And Sawing Mills Midgley, Charles, Wellington st. Sims & Coleman, Queen’s square. Plasterers Aitken & Morrison. George near, Wellington st. M`Lean. John, 7 St. Antoine st. Dunlop, C. & J., Dorchester, near Bleury st. Mercer, Lawrence, Anderson st. Pleasure Garden Maio, Louis, 15 Perthuis st. Powder Mills KELLY, CHARLES, & Co., Gore powder mills, City of Hamilton, C. W. See Card. Printing Offices ARMOUR & RAMSAY, 21 St. Mrancois Xavier st. BECKET, J. C., 22 Great St. James st. CAMBPELL, ROLLO, Place d’Armes. DERBISHIRE & DESBARATS, St. Therese st. DEMONTIGNY & Co., St. Amable Lane. DoRION, J. B. E., Place d’Armes. DUVERNAY, L.,. 15 St. Vincent st. GILLIES, JOHN, 3 M’Gill st. GENDRON, P., 20 St. Gabriel st. KINNEAR, D. & Co., St. Gabriel st. LANGEVIN, H. L., St. Denis st. LOVELL, JOHN, 5 and 7 St Nicholas st. M’DONALD, D., Hospital st. PERRAULT, LOUIS, 7 St. Vincent st. SALTER, WILLIAM, & CO., 20 Great St James st. STARKE, & CO., Ste. Therese st. Provision Inspectors EAGER, WILLIAM L., inspector of beef and pork, Wellington st. MCDONNELL, FRANCIS butter...

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1851 Montreal Canada Directory, Oil to Physicians

In the following Directory the names which appear in CAPITALS are those of subscribers to the work. Oil Cloth Manufacturer LAFLAMME, M. A., 165 Craig st., manufacturer of oil cloths, of every size and description, which he sells, wholesale or retail, at very moderate prices. Oil And Glue Factory FOX, CHARLES JAMES, 240 Visitation st. Optician Andrews, R. E.. Place d’ Armes. Outfitting G Establishment AITKEN, JOHN, & Co., 159 Notre Dame st. baby linens, ladies’ under clothing, marriage outfits, &c., polkas, mantles, and gentlemen’s shirts and under clothing of all kinds constantly on hand. Paint, Oil and Glass Stores ATWATER, EDWIN, 193 St. Paul st., wholesale and retail dealer in paints, oils, glass, &c. CoRSE, R. & H., 205 St. Paul st., wholesale and retail dealers in paints, oils, glass, &c. MOSES, MICHAEL, 97 St. Paul st., wholesale and retail dealer in paints, oils, glass, &c. RAMSAY &. MCARTHUR, 58 McGill st. wholesale and retail dealer in paints, oils, glass, &c. See card. Loughrey, John, 145 St. Paul st. Shearer, Donald, 1871/2 St. Paul st. Painters and Paper Hangers BURNS, WILLIAM, 40 St. Mary st., house, sign and ornamental painter and paper-hanger. LLOYD, WILLIAM, corner of Great St. James and St. Peter st., house, sign and ornamental painter and paperhanger. Clarke, Francis, St. Alexander st. Clark, Henry J., 51 St. Lawrence st. Charles, S. M. T.. 25 St....

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1851 Montreal Canada Directory, General Merchants to Gun Merchants

In the following Directory the names which appear in CAPITALS are those of subscribers to the work. General Merchants, Importers And Exporters ANDERSON, AULDJO, EVANS & Co., general merchants and importers, 12 to 18 St. Gabriel st. BUCHANAN, ISAAC & Co., general merchants and importers, 2 St. Alexis st. BRECKANRIDGE, JAMES, general merchant, 11 St. Sacrament st. CUVILLIER A., & Co., importers and general commission merchants, 11 St. Sacrament st. BURNS, J. & A., & Co., general and. commission merchants, 11 St. Sacrament st. DARLING, WILLIAM, importer and general merchant, 169 St. Paul st. DARLING, D. & C., importers and general merchants, 219 St. Paul st. DOUGLAS, WILLIAM, importer and general merchant, 62 Commissioners st. EDMONSTONE, ALLAN & CO., importers and general merchants, corner of Fortification lane and St. Francois Xavier st. GILLESPIE, MOFFAT & CO., importers and general merchants, 132 St. Paul st. GILMOUR & Co., importers and general merchants, 9 St. Sacrament st. GORDON, JAMES, & Co., importers and general merchants, 5 St. Sacrament st. HOLMES, KNAPP & Co., importers and general merchants, Pointe-a-Calliere. HALLOWELL, ROBERT, importer and general merchant, St. Helen st. JOSEPH, JESSE, importer and general merchant, corner of St. Helen and Recollet sts. LESLIE, STARNES & CO., importers, general merchants, and wine merchants, Recollet st. LEMESURIER, ROUTH & Co., importers and general merchants, Water st. opposite the Upper wharf. MASSON, BRUYERE, THOMAS & Co.,...

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