Location: Monroe County TN

1759, December 7, Fort Loudoun Letter 1

Sir As the Little Carpenter is going down this Day to Keowee to see your Excellency: He has desired me to write by him, he sets off without speaking to Old Hop and the rest of the Heardmen because he thinks that they are not well intentioned, and he did not choose to have any talk from them. I do sincerely believe that his intentions are good, but it is hard to judge of Indians sincerity. I believe he wishes that your Excellency wou’d appoint him Governor in the Room of Old Hop, to have the Management of these People I do not hear any bad Talks, from any of the Indians, but from those who have been guilty of Murder and other Crimes, especially from Settico, and some of them have been as bold as to say that they wou’d meet your Excellency on Chesnut Hill, and dispute the Pafsage with you; but I hope it will be nothing. I am with Great Respect Sir Your Most Obedient and Humble Servant Paul...

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1759, December 7, Fort Loudoun Letter 3

Sir This will be delivered by the Carpenter who setts out this morning with a firm Resolution of accomodating matters with your Excellency, he Expects that the Transgrefsors will be Demmanded and has just told me that his Voice will be for Delivering them. He may at first plead for them as he Affects popularity; but I am Confident he will fall in to all your Excellency’s measures. he goes without speaking to, or Reccuring any mefsage from Old hop. And Says that he only wants for Orders from Your Excy. to take upon thim the Execution of the Old Fellows office. This at present is the Grand ___ourt he has in view. We hear nothing worth Communicating many Idle Stories flying about amongst the Indians Suggested by their fears I am with the Greatest Respect Sir Your Excellency’s most obedient & most humblefer John Stuart Fort Loudoun 7th Decem 1759 To His Excelly Governor...

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1759, December 12, Fort Loudoun

Sir I have Received a Letter from Lieut. Coytmore of the 6th Instant by John Arcy, by which he acquaints Me, that your Excellency’s Orders were: that Old Hop shou’d b informed that the Little Carpenter, of any other Head Man, shou’d be appointed, to come down to Keowee with Power to settle matters, as shou’d be found requisat to make things Straight, as He himself was present. Accordingly I sent for him to come to the Fort, and that I had a Letter to communicate to him; but the Old Fellow sent me severall excuses, saying that it was cold Weather, and that he had the care of a littlechild, therefore he cou’d not come. As it hapned then that the Warrior of Tennesee, and the Great Warrior’s Mephew were at my House, I acquainted them, with what Old Hop had said; and farther told them, that as the Old Fellow by his severall talks, had made the Path bloody, it was not My businefs to go to him, but for him to come to the fort to me, to hear what your Excelleny required: and that his excuse at this present time, look’d very foolish, by saying that he was to look after a Child, when the Governor of South Carolina, hath left his Province, and was come as far as Keowee, with all the Head Men...

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1759, December 7, Fort Loudoun Letter 2

Sir This well be delivered by the Carpenter who Setts out this morning with a firm Resolution of accomodating matters with Your Excellency, he Expects that the Transgrefsors witll be Demmanded and has Just told me that his Voice will be for Delivering them he may at first plead for them as he Affects popularity, but I am confident he will fall into all your Excellency’s measures, he Goes without Speaking to, or Receiving any mefsage from Old Hop and Says that he only waits for orders from Your Exey to take upon him the Execution of the Old Fellows office. This at present is the Grand point he has in View. We hear nothing with worth Communicating many Idle Stories flying about amongst the Indians suggested by their fears. I am with the Greatest Respect Your Excellency’s most obedient & most humble Sert John Stuart Fort Loudoun 7th Decem. 1759 To His Excelly Govenor...

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8 May 1759, Fort Loudon

We have been to y French fort and no Succefs. Y reason of it wafs, while 42 of our brefkost Younge fellows was waiting about the fort, and y rest of us within Eight Mile of it with our canoes at camp, gooding Stole one of the cannos and wone of our people that wafs Lurking About y fort See the French Indians beat him, the outside of y fort, he stole away with him 2 of our jndians Bundles, y French and Indians purfued our People from y fort on the information Gooding Gave Them. We Left our Cannoes about 30 Miles from y French fort and traveld by land we hope to be at home in 20 days The woods being very difficult to travel and we are al strangers to y way and will inform you of Every Matter. Wm. Shorie To Capt. Paul Demere Commanding Officer at Fort Loudoun Letter from Wm. Shorie to Capt. Paul Demere at Fort Loudon dated 8th May 1759...

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1759, February 26, Fort Loudoun

Sir j send by the Expres a little Bundle with 3 Skins, which j desire your Excellency to accept them, the Revd. Mr. Richardson who Some before went to Keowee told me, he would take care of them, that poor Gentleman has been obliged to go away, j belive he was afraid to Stay any longer among them, they never would hear him preach, they Said he ______ ______ ____ to great hoary, and it would be time _______, when little Carpenter Should come Home. ____ ____ what to thinck of their Behaviour. They have been always Eashy and quiet. J am told that the Raison of their Sudden change, was, that they thought that the Provinciats when they came at first were Dutchmen,and that great Number were Coming after them. And that the King’s Soldiers were not dressed like them, j have done what j Could to persuad them of the Contrairy, and they are more quiet. When the Hoggs Drivers were passing by Talico, Some of the you Fellows were Sawcy and trew some Stones at them. J complained to the Head Men of the in the Manner that they did. Immediately the Head Men found out those that had done it, had them in the Town House, and Scrached them dry and one of them being absent they took his Brother and Acrached him in the...

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1759, November 15, Fort Loudoun

Sir Mr. Elliot came to this Fotrt yesterday and Brought to Captain Demere a Copy of your Excellency’s Letter to Mr. Coytmore Captain Bemere having been indisposed Some days has desired me to acquaint your Excellency that theere are not Twelve indians in these over_ill Towns. But are all out a hunting. And yesterday before Elliot’s Arrival the Carpenter went out for a Short hunt of four days, we have dispatched a Runner for him as Elliot has brought your Exxcelly’s talk to the middle Settlement Indians, which Cap’ Demere propose reading to him if he Return before Mr. Elliot sells off, as he would be glad to Communicate to you what he can Learn of his thoughts upon the measures taken. Iff he does not Return in time he will Endeavour to gett him to Dispatch a Runner to your Excelly: with a Letter. He Likewise desires I would Acquaint your Excelly: that we are Salting up all the Catlle but that the quantity of Salt in the fort will not be Sufficient our flour will not hold out many Days but he has Secured about 600 Bushells of Indian Corn, on the whole we have provisions for six months We are Laying in a Stock of wood in Case of the worst and Captain Demere intends to Examin the Puncheons and Replace Such of them as are...

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1759, February 27, Fort Loudoun

Sir I received you Dispatches of the 2nd Inst. The 25th Last month I acquainted you Excellency that the Great Warriour had disappointed me in not going to Warr as he promised, Giving out in the town Houses that a Great many white people where coming up to destoy them from Charlestown, On which their Young people grew very Imertinent Threatening to kill the white people here, & then Stop the Communication between their & Keowee, the Same day the Exprefs left this I Send the Linguister to Chattuga, to see if Thickleggs, a warriour of that town wou’d go to war as he promised me Some time before, Heme word he was proud of the Opportunity & that in Six day’s he wou’d come & let me Know when he would Seet off and & haw many he should Carry with him. He Accordingly came as he promised, we agreed on what he was to have & he was to take three white men along with him, he told me he had heard bad talk’s in all their Towns & that their Warriours did not Chuse their Young People Should go to Warr but that he did not regard there Talk’s because he belived they were Si____, While he was in the Fort Old Hopp & the Great Warriour Sent to Chattuga & took away the war hatchets...

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1759, June 1, Fort Loudoun

Sir The 26th of Last Month the Little Carpenter arrived here & came directly to the fort and said that he was verry sorry to hear that in his Absence there had been so many bad talks and that Some of them had been to Virginia & killed the white People there & that he did not Know how to behave on this Occafsion, but that Since he was come it Shoud be so no more & that he had given good talks to all the towns as came along and in three day’s I will Acquaint You with the talks I shall give to those towns. Accordingly they had a Meeting at Chotta & Runners were Sent through all the to forwarn them from the like proceedings for the future, & the 30th _____ was fixt to come to the fort to Acquaint me with there Proceedings. Accordingly a Great number came & After the Indian Ceremonies were Over, I told the Litle Carpenter publickly that in his Absence there had been verry bad talks at Chotta & that the Mortar was kindly recived there, Notwithstanding I Acquainted them that he came from the French and had no Good Design, Old Hopp deny’d that there was ever any bad talks at Chotta. I told him I was sure of it because Some of their Own Warriours had Acquainted...

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1757, July 20, Fort Loudoun

Sir On the 15th Instant there was a great concorse of Indians of all the Towns at Chota Town houfe to hear the Talk that the two warriours Mefsengers from Old Hop, had brought from the Creeks, but it was nothing Like a Talk, it was only a friendly advise from the Creeks, to the Cherokees and Compliments from one to the other; when it was excepected other ways, the man killer of Tellico was present, if he has Said one word tending to the French I had peole enough there Ready to take his up & Shut his mouth, but he Said nothing, all our beft friends where prefent, the Little Carpenter in particular went on purpose to oppose and Reject anything that he Sould not like, and to Talk, if there had been Occasion the two Creeks that came with them brought no Talk our Mefsengers Said, that they had been at the french fort, and that the french had Sent two pricks of Tobacco by the to Chota, for the warriours to Smoke as they were in freindship with the creeks, and that they did approve very well of their coming backwards & forwards in a friendly manner, when the french gave them that Tobacco they Said they had no talk to give them this Same Mefsenger Reports that the Cowetas had gave them Some Tobacco,...

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Roll of Captain John Stuarts Company

An effective Roll of Captain John Stuarts Company Working at Fort Loudoun July 11th, 1757 John Stuart Captain James Adamson Lieutenant John Miller, Sergeant Jacob Glaughenberg,  Sergeant John Roberts,  Corp Arch, Watson,  Dr Lawrence Masterson John Bower Archibald Watson Senr. Jacob Rough Joseph Velts George Swaggart George Moan Henry Volk Thomas Kelly James Read George Hefser Thomas Coyle Henrye Jinceller Stephen Terrey Joseph Vert Martin Miller Bryan Rourk Michael Shecklin Henry Maxwell John Shults Joseph Vennegan William Campbell Adam Kellar John Purcell James Moon Tobias Holmes Thomas Mills Martin Herter Edward Manahan William Buttler Patrick Campbell Thomas Abrahood Gaspar Dickinson Michael Calfskins Thomas Keylar Daniel McLachlin Andrew Hogstaten James Fraser Robert Jones Thomas Foster Perregrine Murphy John Simms William Martin Thomas Jones Jacob Bigley Michael Mucklefoot John...

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1759, March 26, Fort Loudoun

Sir I Send the Bearer of this James Holme’s as an Exprefs to Acquaint Your Excellency that a few days ago, the chief Warriour of the Oakjoyes (called the Mortar) came into Tellico with a Gang of Twenty three Men & Women and two day’s after Came to Chotta & were verry Kindly received by all the Warriours there, (About four Months ago Mr. Atkins wrote a letter to Old Hopp Acquainting him that this verry man wou’d be here in the Spring & desired him to beware of his bad Talk’s the Reason that he Gives for his Coming here is that he has Seen Amongst the French, & Spaniards & that they both report they have Great friendship for the Cherokee’s & that he has heard the Commanding Officers of both Nations Were he has been Say that they had Seen Letters from the Great King George, To the Governour of South Caroline & Commander of theis fort & likewife Letters from them to the French & Spaniards desiring there Afsistance to Cut this Nation off but out of the Great Regard the French has for them they have Sent him on purpose to Acquaint them of it. & that he with the head men of five Town’s of the Upper Creek’s are come to a place Called Cusawatchie (on the Mouth of the Cusa River) where...

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1759, June 2, Fort Loudoun

Sir Last night j recived your Excellency’s Letter of the 2d of may, and this Morning, j called, the Carpenter, Smith and the Man that take care of the Glasses and Hedges ______ and told them that j orders not employ them constantly, but when j should have occasion, they desired me to beg of your Excellency that you would stand by them because by the strencks of their work, they have bought Things for their wives & family. In all Appearance Everything is now Easy & quiet with the jndians & us, and if j can prevail, that new Settlement shan’t be long there. J wish Mr. Pinckney would Send, Knives, Hatchets, and more Pint, and j could dispence very well, with Gartering, ladis, & _ea Bottons. Some time ago, two warriors were Saying that j did not give them Pint Enough to go to war, j told them j gave them what j had, they Said that their great Man above, would not thinck they were warriors, if they were not painted. At the last meeting j saw an jndian, with a Bow and the Mittest arrows, that j ever Saw, j asked him, if he could get for me, two Dozen like them, and a fine skin to cover them, j would buy them of him, he told me, that he would get them to oblige...

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1759, December 3, Fort Loudoun

Sir The Adjoyning was intended to have been Conveyed to your Excelency by some pack horsemen. Who sell out for the Settlements. The 22d Ultimate, but upon some Repost they heard at Heywafsee they thought proper to Return. It will now be delivered by Mr. Ellitot with whom the Little Carpenter Setts out with this day The Jealousy which has Long Subsisted between Old Hop and the Carpenter is come to am open quarell, the former having at a Meeting in Chote Town house, Lately, Accused the Carpenter of being Enemy to his Country, and a Servil dependent upon the English and Aay, that he has constantly thwarted and frustrated his endeaours to make peace with the French by running out to war against them, at the Same time he spoke Contempuously of Abilities as a Warrior this has Greatly incensed the Little man who in his _______has ordered his peole, to Look no Longer on Old Hop as their head beloved man, declaring that he himself would Supply his place in that Capacity, for the future and I am concern heintends to Avail himself on his Credit with Your Excellency and of the presents Emergincy for Establishing his Authority The Indians The Indians are very Cever but cannot hide their fears. They Continue to Supply the fort with corn hoggs & Fowls as usual, and of Late they...

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1759, April 10, Fort Loudoun

Most Honr. Sir, I Trouble you with ___ in Hopes you wd. Be so Indulgins as to Remember You kind Promise I have been here hear Two years but shod. The Service not Such wth. You to releave me wd. Very Readily Compound with your Excellency to Continue for any Time you shod. Think Proper not Excuding Two__if yor. Goodnefs wod. Excuse me hear to be sent ___for the Further I Understand ther’s a a likelihood of Severall Premotions in the In_ipend Company’s, I Hope you will be so kind as to see I ____ Have Justice done me being now the Eldest Ensign if ther’s any Attorations in the Service in my Favour shod. Be Infinitely oblig,d to you for a Sine as to __-Situations of our Affairs Here Referr you to Capt. Demere Lettrs. ____Report that 45 Cherrokees are gone to Warr against Virignia ___Oechoy warriour calld, ye Mortar Has been into Chotia & Poisiond thefs wth. ____Confounded French Talks but Hon it with End in nothing ___Tho’ its Said by Severall of the Paehko___men whom garthers There Intelliganiers from the Indians’ That ye French are Settling on the Highwafsiy River to Intersept ye Parr ___ages Hon, I have lately Rec’d, my Auot. From my Rercht. In 10th he Mentioned that ___6 ___10 Re_____. From ye to rasurr. For ye Expaneis at Keowhee. Mr. Loats affairs Cast...

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