Collection: Laws Affecting the Five Civilized Tribes

Supplemental Creek Agreement, June 30, 1902

32 Stat. L. 500 AN ACT To ratify and confirm a supplemental agreement with the Creek tribe of Indians, and for other purposes.a Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following supplemental agreement, submitted by certain commissioners of the Creek tribe of Indians, as herein amended, is hereby ratified and confirmed on the part of the United States, and the same shall be of full force and effect if ratified by the Creek tribal council on or before the first day of September, nineteen hundred and two, which said supplemental agreement is as follows: This agreement by and between the United States, entered into in its behalf by the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, Henry L. Dawes, Tarns Bixby, Thomas B. Needles, and Clifton R. Breckenridge, duly appointed and authorized thereunto, and the Muskogee (or Creek) tribe of Indians, in Indian Territory, entered into in behalf of the said tribe by Pleasant Porter, principal chief, Roley McIntosh, Thomas W. Perryman, Amos McIntosh, and David M. Hodge, commissioners duly appointed and authorized thereunto, Witnesseth, that in consideration of the mutual undertakings herein contained, it is agreed as follows : Definitions The words “Creek” and “Muskogee” as used in this agreement shall be deemed synonymous, and the words “nation” and “tribe” shall each be deemed to...

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Regulations Governing Unrestricted Alienation of Lands for Town Site Purposes in Indian Territory

Regulations Governing Unrestricted Alienation of Lands for Town-Site Purposes in Indian Territory. Regulations Commission To The Five Civilized Tribes Muscogee, Ind. T., February 10, 1904. The following rules and regulations governing applications for the unrestricted alienation of lands for town-site purposes in the Indian Territory, approved by the Secretary of the Interior February 6, 1904, are hereby promulgated for the information and guidance of all concerned. Tams Bixby, Chairman. A provision of the act of Congress approved March 3, 1903 (32 Stat., 982), reads as follows: To pay all expenses incident to the survey, platting, and appraisement of town sites in the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Cherokee nations, Indian Territory, as required by sections fifteen and twenty-nine of an act entitled “An act for the protection of the people of the Indian Territory, and for other purposes,” approved June twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, and all acts amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto, twenty-five thousand dollars: Provided, That the money hereby appropriated shall be applied only to the expenses incident to the survey, platting, and appraisement of town sites heretofore set aside and reserved from allotment: And provided further, That nothing herein contained shall prevent the survey and platting, at their own expense, of town sites by private parties where stations are located along the lines of rail roads, nor the unrestricted alienation of lands for such purposes, when recommended...

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Rules of Practice in Choctaw, Chickasaw and Cherokee Cases

Rules Of Practice Commission To The Five Civilized Tribes Muscogee, Ind. T., March 17, 1903. The following Rules of Practice in Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Cherokee allotment contest cases, approved by the Department January 27, 1903, and March 9, 1903, are hereby promulgated for the information and guidance of all concerned.” The Commission To The Five Civilized Tribes Tams Bixby, Chairman Initiation Of Contests Rule 1. Contests may be initiated by or on behalf of an adverse claimant against any party by or for whom a selection of land has been made in the Choctaw, Chickasaw, or Cherokee nations, for any sufficient cause affecting the right of possession of the land in controversy, by selecting the same land and by filing a complaint with the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes at the land office in the nation in which the land lies. Rule 2. When the allottee is deceased the contest shall be brought against the heirs of such deceased allottee and the complaint shall state the names of all the heirs. If the heirs, or any of them, are nonresidents of Indian Territory, or unknown, the complaint shall set forth the fact and be corroborated with respect thereto by the affidavit of one or more persons. Rule 3. The complaint must conform to the following requirements : (a) It must be written or partly written and partly printed....

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Agreement Between the Dawes Commission and the Seminole Tribe

October 7, 1899 31 Stat. L., 250 This agreement by and between the Government of the United States, of the first part, entered into in its behalf by the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, Henry L. Dawes, Tarns Bixby, Archibald S. McKennon, and Thomas B. Needles, duly appointed and authorized thereunto, and the Seminole tribe of Indians in Indian Territory, of the second part, entered into in behalf of said tribe by John F. Brown and K. N. Kinkehee, commissioners duly appointed and authorized thereunto, Witnesseth: First. That the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, in making the rolls of Seminole citizens, pursuant to the act of Congress approved June twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, shall place on said rolls the names of all children born to Seminole citizens up to and including the thirty-first day of December, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, and the names of all Seminole citizens then living; and the rolls so made, when approved by the Secretary of the Interior, as provided in said act of Congress, shall constitute the final rolls of Seminole citizens upon which the allotment of lands and distribution of money and other property belonging to the Seminole Indians shall be made, and to no other persons. Second. If any member of the Seminole tribe of Indians shall die after the thirty-first day of December, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, the...

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Seminole Agreement, December 16, 1897

An Act To ratify the agreement between the Dawes Commission and the Seminole Nation of Indians. Whereas an agreement was made by Henry L. Dawes, Tarns Bixby, Frank C. Armstrong, Archibald S. McKennon, Thomas B. Needles, the Commission of the United States to the Five Civilized Tribes, and Allison L. Aylesworth, secretary, John F. Brown, Okchan Harjo, William Cully, K. N. Kinkehee, Thomas West, Thomas Factor, Seminole Commission, A. J. Brown, secretary, on the part of the Seminole Nation of Indians, on December sixteenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, as follows: Agreement between the United States Commissioners to negotiate with the Five Civilized Tribes and the commissioners on the part of the Seminole Nation. This agreement by and between the Government of the United States of the first part, entered into in its behalf by the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, Henry L. Dawes, Tarns Bixby, Frank C. Armstrong, Archibald S. McKennon, and Thomas B. Needles, duly appointed and authorized thereunto, and the government of the Seminole Nation in Indian Territory, of the second part, entered into on behalf of said government by its commission, duly appointed and authorized thereunto, viz, John F. Brown, Okchan Harjo, William Cully, K. N. Kinkehee, Thomas West, and Thomas Factor. Witnesseth, That in consideration of the mutual undertakings herein contained, it is agreed as follows: All lands belonging to the Seminole tribe of...

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Seminole Town Site Act

AN ACT To provide for the appointment of town-site commissioners and the location of a a town in the Seminole Nation. Be it enacted by the general council of the Seminole Nation: SEC. 1. That A. J. Brown, Thomas McGeisey, Thomas Factor, W. L. Joseph, and Dorsey Fife he, and are hereby, appointed as town-site commissioners for the Seminole Nation, and their term of office shall continue for four years and until their successors are appointed by the general council and qualified. The said commissioners shall each execute a bond in the sum of five thousand dollars, to be approved by the general council, for the faithful performance of their duty, and they, or either of them, may be impeached and removed from office, and fined or otherwise punished by the general council, for malfeasance or improper conduct while in office. Before entering upon their duties the said commissioners shall elect one of their number as president and one as secretary. They shall keep a record of all their doings and transactions and make a report of the same to the general council once in each year. SEC. 2. That said commission shall select a suitable tract or tracts of land in the Seminole Nation, not exceeding six hundred and forty acres, for a town, to be known and designated as Wewoka. And when selected the said commissioners shall...

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Chickasaw Allotment Contest Cases, 1904-1906

Table showing the disposition and present status of Chickasaw allotment contest cases appealed from the decisions of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes and Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, and in which decisions on said appeals have been rendered, from July 1, 1904, to May 31, 1906, inclusive.

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Choctaw Allotment Contest Cases, 1904-1906

Table showing the disposition and present status of Choctaw allotment contest cases appealed from the decisions of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes and Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, and in which decisions on said appeals have been rendered, from July 1, 1904, to May 31, 1906, inclusive.

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Creek Allotment Contest Cases 1904-1906

Statement showing the disposition and present status of Creek allotment contest cases appealed from the decisions of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes and Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, and in which decisions on said appeals have been rendered, from July 1, 1904, to May 31, 1906, inclusive.

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Regulations Governing Agents and Attorneys before the Commission

Commission To The Five Civilized Tribes Muscogee, Ind. T., March 30, 1901. The following regulations governing the recognition of agents and attorneys before the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes and land offices established by said Commission, approved by the Secretary of the Interior March 20, 1901, are promulgated for the information and guidance of all concerned. By order of the Commission: Tams Bixby, Acting Chairman Regulations 1. Any attorney at law who desires to represent claimants before the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes or any land office established by said Commission shall file a certificate of the clerk of the United States, State, or Territorial court, the territorial jurisdiction of which includes such attorney s place of residence, duly authenticated under the seal of the court, that he is an attorney in good standing. 2. Any person (not an attorney at law) who desires to appear as agent for claimants before the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes or before any land office established by the Commission must file a certificate from a judge of the United States, State, or Territorial court, the territorial jurisdiction of which includes such person s place of residence, duly authenticated under the seal of the court, that such person is of good moral character and in good repute, possessed of the necessary qualifications to enable him to render claim ants valuable...

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Cherokee Allotment Contest Cases, 1904-1906

Table showing the disposition and present status of Cherokee allotment contest cases appealed from the decisions of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes and Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes, and in which decisions on said appeals have been rendered, from July 1, 1904, to May 31, 1906, inclusive.

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Decision Rendered Wiley Adams

Office Of The Secretary Washington, D. C., May 21, 1903 The Commission To The Five Civilized Tribes Muscogee, Ind. T. GENTLEMEN: I have considered the proceedings of your Commission upon the application of Wiley Adams for enrollment as a citizen of the Choctaw Nation. The facts as found by your Commission are that Adams appeared before the Commission in the year 1899, under the act of June 10, 1890 (29 Stat., 821); that he is a white man, and about 1877 married a Creek, the widow of a Chickasaw citizen, and was by special act of the Choctaw council, approved November 0, 1884, admitted to citizenship of the Choctaw Nation, and has ever since been recognized as a citizen of that nation and permitted to vote at their elections. His application was denied by the Commission and no appeal was taken to the courts. He was borne upon the Choctaw census roll of 1890 as an intermarried citizen. The act of June 10, 1890 (29 Stat, 321, 339), provided: That in determining all such applications said Commission shall respect all laws of the several nations or tribes, not inconsistent with the laws of the United States, and all treaties with either of said nations or tribes, and shall give due force and effect to the rolls, usages, and customs of each of said nations or tribes : And provided...

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Decision Rendered William C. Thompson

Office Of The Secretary Washington, D. C,, April 7, 1905 Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, Muscogee, Ind. T. GENTLEMEN: April 13, 1004, you transmitted the record in the matter of the Choctaw case of William C. Thompson et al. (M. C. R., 341). Consolidated with said case were the applications of several other applicants, entitled, respectively, “M. C. R., 0258, 6259, 517, 582, 516, 458, 581, 563, 310, 557, 583, and 7124.” All of the applicants above referred to claim the right to be identified as Mississippi Choctaws; also to be enrolled upon the regular roll of Choctaws either by blood or by intermarriage. In your decision of March 5, 1904, you held adversely to all of the applicants above as to their claims for identification as Mississippi Choctaws and for their enrollment as regular Choctaws. Reporting in the matter April 30, 1904, the Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs recommended that your action in the matter be approved. A copy of his letter is enclosed. Herein will be considered only the rights of the applicants in this case whose application is entitled ” M. C. R., 341.” This embraces the application of William C. Thompson for himself, for his wife, Sarah S. Thompson, for his minor nephew, William R. Thompson, and for his minor grandniece, Sarah T. Stubblefield, for enrollment as above stated. Separate letters will be written...

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Decision Rendered William Durant

Office Of The Assistant Attorney-General Washington, D. C., July 21, 1905 The Secretary Of The Interior SIR: I received by reference of June 7, 1905, the record in the case of William Durant and others for enrollment as freedmen citizens of the Creek Nation, with request for my opinion thereon. William Durant is shown by birth certificate in the record to have been born February 20, 1902, to Edmund Durant, who is identified on the 1891 omitted Creek roll. February 3, 1905, the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes found and recommended that Edmund Durant should be enrolled as a Creek freedman under the acts of June 28, 1898 (30 Stat., 495, 503), and March 1, 1901 (31 Stat, 861, 870), and that the application of William Durant should be denied. Edmund Durant’s enrollment has not yet been approved by the Secretary of the Interior. The act of March 3, 1905 (33 Stat, 1071), provides: That the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes is authorized for sixty days after the date of the approval of this act to receive and consider applications for enrollments of children born subsequent to May twenty-five, nineteen hundred and one, and prior to March fourth, nineteen hundred and five, and living on said latter date, to citizens of the Creek tribe of Indians, whose enrollment has been approved by the Secretary of the Interior...

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