Free Inhabitants in “The Creek Nation” in the County “West of the” State of “Akansas” enumerated on the “16th” day of “August” 1860. While the census lists “free inhabitants” it is obvious that the list contains names of Native Americans, both of the Creek and Seminole tribes, and possibly others. The “free inhabitants” is possibly indicative that the family had given up their rights as Indians in treaties previous to 1860, drifted away from the tribe, or were never fully integrated (given citizenship). You will see those mentioned below that clearly married natives, but were not admitted to citizenship of the Creek Nation – they are identified by an * by Israel G. Vine. It appears that this denial of citizenship also carried to their children in most instances. The black (B) and mulatto (M) status may indicate only the fact of the color of their skin, or whether one had a white ancestors – they may still be partially Native American, and it’s possible they had no African ancestry at all.
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Creek Indians who were admitted into citizenship are not listed on this page!
Page 1 August 20, 1860 Israel G. Vine, Micco Post Office
Surname, given name, age, sex, place of birth, race, occupation
1. Buckner, Henry 40, m, TN Baptist Missionary Lucy A. 40, f, KY Walter O. 16, m, KY Isham 48, m, KY (B) Servant 2. Bertolf, Thomas 30, m, NY Supt. Mission School Roe, Jesse 30, m, TN (B) Laborer 3. Bailey, Ward H. 49, m, NY Physician Lavina 49, f, CT Benjamin H. 21, m, AR Merchants Clerk Ward H. Jr. 12, m, AR 4. Steel, William 40, m, KY Labor 5. Sanger, Stephen 44, m, VA Merchant Mary 24, f, PA Edwin E. 18, m, AR Merchants Clerk Pauline H. 11, f, AR John 11/12, m, AR 6. Eliason, Landon C. 30, m, NC Merchant Armistead, Bawles E. 22, m, VA Merchants Clerk Eliason, Rutledge H. 22, m, VA Merchants Clerk 7. Brown, Christopher 47, m, VA Blacksmith Jane 40, f, AL 8. Downing, Presley 62, m, VA Wagon Maker Hannah 45, f, AL 9. Rogers, William H. 38, m, LA Merchant 10. Stryker, John 55, m, NJ Merchants Clerk 11. Thompson, Jesse 38, m, TN Hotel Keeper Amanda 23, f, IN Mary 12, f, MO 12. Smith, Wilbourne 27, m, AL Farm Laborer Lucas, Mary A. P. 33, f, GA 13. Cassida, William 36, m, KY Carpenter 14. Fry, Andrew 35, m, OH Wagon Maker Charlotte 35, f, IN Elisabeth A. 15, f, OH Mary C. 11, f, OH William W. 9, m, OH Albert W. 3, m, MO 15. Hochstetler, Stephen 28, m, PA Well Digger 16.* Broadnax, John 73, m, VA School Teacher 17.* Gibson, John C. 48, m, GA Farmer
* Married natives, but not admitted to citizenship.