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Autauga County Alabama Genealogy

Autauga County is located in central Alabama. Its county seat is Prattville, but only since 1868, up until 1831 the town of Washington was the county seat, and from 1831-1868 the seat became Kingston. The county was named after the Tawasee Indian town of Atagi, whose location is its southeastern corner. Autauga County is part of the Montgomery, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area.  The county was created in 1818 from lands forcibly ceded by the Creek Confederacy in 1814 at the Treaty of Fort Jackson, and was developed out of Montgomery County. Autauga is surrounded by five counties.  Chilton County forms its northern border.  Elmore County is located to the east. Autauga is bordered on the southeast by Montgomery County and the south by Lowndes County.  Dallas County forms its western boundary.

African American Genealogy

Several offline resources for researching black families in Autauga County exist. The records of the Bureau of Refugees , Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands detail this bureau’s work to ease the problems faced by black freedmen after the Civil War. Two microfilmed series are available from the National Archives and from many Alabama libraries:

  1. Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Alabama, 1867-1870. Reel M809
  2. Records of the Superintendent of Education for the State of Alabama, 1865-1870. Reel M810

Specific online genealogy resources for researching black families in Autauga County, Alabama can be found as follows:

  1. Alabama African American Records
  2. 1850 United States Slave Schedule
    Name index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age, gender and color data of the slaves in cesus states or territories in 1850. This was the first time that slave infomation was captured as a separate schedule.
  3. 1850 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules $
  4. 1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules $
  5. 1860 Autauga County, Alabama Federal Census, Free Persons of Color
  6. 1866 State Census Colored Population Schedule
  7. Autauga County, Alabama Slaveholders and Surname Matches
    Largest slaveholders from 1860 slave census schedules and surname matches for African Americans on 1870 census

Also see Census below for black census records from 1870-1940; vital records for 1870 onward; and Cemeteries for cemeteries which were not exclusively reserved for blacks.

Archives, Societies and Libraries

The main source for genealogical research in Autauga County is the Alabama Room at the Autauga-Prattville Public Library at 254 Doster Street in Prattville. Both of the Societies local to the community retain their holdings at that location. We also suggest a stop at the Alabama Archives center or better known as ADAH, which has a treasure trove of information available for genealogists and historians of Alabama ancestry.

Bible Records


Approximately 8 million Americans have been the subjects of biographical sketches in collective biography volumes. While many of these sketches are in local histories, more than 3 million appear in books with a nationwide scope, such as Who’s Who in America and Men and Women of Science. In fact, approximately 2,000 such volumes exist and have been indexed by Mirana C. Herbert and Barbara McNeil in the Biography and Genealogy Master Index (Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1980?).



Census records exist for Autauga County starting in 1830 and every 10 years thereafter.

Church Records

Court Records



Land and Property

Land records started being recorded in 1820.

Autauga County, Alabama

1895 cutout of Autauga County, Alabama




Native American

In the early years of the eighteenth century, the French found the territory of the country inhabited by the Alibamo Indians, whose villages were located along the Alabama River. But on an ancient French map there is an Alibamo town (Halbama), apparently in the western part of the county. Altogether, the county has no important aboriginal history.

Along the Alabama River are found some evidencis of aboriginal occupancy but they are not numerous. Autauga (Atagi), an Alibamo town was situated below the mouth of Autauga Creek, which enters the river just above the old Washington ferry on the Montgomery and Prattville public road Opil ‘Lako an Upper Creek town, possibly Alibamo was located in the county, but its site has never been determined. Arrow and spearpoints of flint are found in several sections but at no place in sufficient quantities to suggest the existence of workshop sites, as on the opposite side of the Alabama and on the Tallapoosa River, some miles to the east. During the Creek War, 1813-14, Dutch Bend became a place of refuge for the Creeks after their defeat at the Holy Ground. Here Weatherford’s wife, Sapoth Thlanie died two days after the battle. Weatherford had a plantation on the west bank of the river about a mile and a half below the mouth of Pintala Creek.



Also see newspapers for additional death notices.

Probate Records

Probate records started being recorded in 1824.


Among the early residents of the county were: Gov. William W. Bibb, John A. Elmore Sr., Bolling Hall, Sr., James Jackson, Robert Gaston, Jacob P. House, Francis Lewis, Bent Pierce, Philips and Byrd Fitzpatrick, Nicholas Zeigler, Edmund Gholson, Isaac Funderburg, Levi Kelly, William Hester, Jesse Gay, Josiah Rice, Thomas Harris, James Goss, Thomas Tatum, George Jones, Edmund Foreman, Joseph Riley, Mackey Johnson, Archibald Graham Richard Bibb, Job Calloway, William Lewis, Joshua Marcus, William Futch, Isaiah Thacker, Aaron Moore, Hiram Bishop, Abram Chancellor, Lewis C. Davis, Thomas C. Smith, William R. Pickett, Mark Howard, Seaborn Mims, Lewis Tyus, Richard Mouton, William Hightower, Jeremiah Jackson, Robert Motley, Robert Broadnax, Edmund Shackleford, John G. Stoudenmire, William N. Thompson, John Mathews, James Mathews, William Peebles, Benjamin Averett, James and Nehemiah Howard, Eli Ely, Lazarus Parker, William Nunn, Thomas Hogg, Dr. N. S. Jones, Benjamin Davis, Dr. A. R. Hutchinson, Organ Tatum, Berry Tatum, S. McGraw, B. Mason, John Lamar, L. Houser, S. Stoudenmire, and John McNeel.

Vital Records

For vital records prior to 1881 the researcher should use the probate records here mentioned. Marriage records exist from 1829 onward, though there may be earlier ones located in legal files of the Autauga court house in Prattville.

Birth Records

Marriage Records

Death Records

Autauga County Websites