Discover your family's story.

Enter a grandparent's name to get started.

Start Now

Yurok Tribe

Yurok Indians (from Karok yuruk, ‘downstream’). A tribe living on lower Klamath River, California, and the adjacent coast constituting the Weitspekan linguistic family. They have no name for themselves other than Olekwo’l (‘persons’), sometimes written Alikwa. The territory of the Yurok extended from Bluff Creek 6 miles above the mouth of the Trinity, down Klamath River to its mouth, and on the coast from beyond Wilson creek, 6 miles north of the mouth of the Klamath, too probably Shad river. Their settlements in the valley were confined closely to the river, and those along the coast were close to the beach or on the lagoons. They had no settlements on Redwood Creek except at the mouth. Along Klamath River the Yurok language was everywhere uniform, but along the Coast south of the mouth of the Klamath there were three slightly varying dialects, one spoken at Gold Bluff, one at Redwood Creek, and a third at Trinidad, the last differing most from that of the river. Most of the so-called wars of the Yurok were private feuds, participated in by villages. These took place as frequently between Yurok village’s as against alien tribes. In all cases payment for the dead and for all property destroyed was made at the conclusion of peace. Apart from a few vessels that touched at Trinidad in the 18th century, and a few trappers that visited Klamath River, whites did not come into contact with them and were utterly unknown to them before 1850. After the Coming of the Americans the Yurok never engaged in war with them as a body, though certain villages became...

Yurok Indians

Yurok – Signifying “downstream” in the language of the neighboring Karok. Also called: Kiruhikwak, by the Shasta of Salmon River. Weitchpec, a name sometimes locally used, especially in Hupa and Karok territory, to which Weichpec is at present the nearest Yurok village. Yurok Connections. The Yurok were originally regarded as an independent stock, later combined with the Wiyot into the Ritwan family, and still later identified by Kroeber and Sapir as a part of the great Algonquian family of the east. This last identification has not, however, met with entire acceptance. Yurok Location. On the lower Klamath River and along the coast to the north and south of it. Yurok Subdivisions. Two dialects differing but little from each other may be distinguished; one spoken in the southernmost coast section, the districts of the Big Lagoon and Trinidad; the other, in the remainder of Yurok territory. Yurok Villages Ayotl, above the mouth of Blue Creek. Erner, at the mouth of Blue Creek. Ertlerger, at the mouth of Trinity River on the west side. Espau, on the coast north of Redwood Creek. Hergwer, on Stone Lagoon. Himetl, on the north side of Klamath River. Ho’pau, on Klamath River a few miles from the coast. Keihkem, 2 towns: (1) on Big Lagoon; (2) on the north side of Klamath River. Kenek, on the south side of Klamath River. Kenek. Kepel, on the north side of Klamath River. Kenekpul, on the south side of Klamath River, a short distance below Ko’otep, on the north side of Klamath River. Lo’olego on the north side of Klamath River above the mouth of the Trinity. Ma’ats,...

Pin It on Pinterest