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Winyaw Indians

Winyaw Tribe: Meaning unknown. Winyaw Connections. The Winyaw are placed in the Siouan linguistic family on circumstantial evidence. Their closest connections were with the Pedee and Waccamaw. Winyaw Location. On Winyaw Bay, Black River, and the lower course of the Pee Dee. Winyaw History. Unless this tribe is represented by the Yenyohol of Francisco of Chicora (1521), the Winyaw were first mentioned by the colonists of South Carolina after 1670. In 1683 it was charged that colonists had raided them for slaves on an insufficiently supported charge of murder by some of their people This unfriendly act did not prevent some of them from joining Barnwell’s army in the first Tuscarora War. Along with other Indians they, indeed, withdrew later from the expedition, but they claimed that it was for lack of equipment. In 1715 the Cheraw tried to induce them and the Waccamaw to side against the colonists in the Yamasee War. A year later a trading post was established in the territory of the Waccamaw not far from their own lands. About the same time some of them settled among the Santee, but they appear to have returned to their own country a few years later. Some assisted the Whites in their war with the Waccamaw in 1720. They soon disappear from history and probably united with the Waccamaw. Winyaw Population. Mooney (1928) includes the Winyaw in his estimate of 900 for the “Waccamaw, Winyaw, Hook, &c.” as of the year 1600. The census of 1715 gives them one village of 36 men and a total population of 106. Connection in which they have become noted. Winyaw...

Winyaw Tribe

Winyaw Indians. One of the small tribes living on lower Pedee river and its tributaries in South Carolina.  Of their language nothing is known, and very little else in recorded concerning them, as they were never prominent in history.  It is supposed, however, from their associations that they were of Siouan affinity. They dwelt on the west side of the Pedee near its mouth about opposite the Waccamaw.  The 2 tribes ere first mentioned in 1715 as being neighbors and as receiving ammunition from the Cheraw, who attempted to induce them to join in a league against the English.  Gov. Johnson in 1715 reported them as having one village, with a population of 106.  After this they drop from history, becoming extinct as a...

The Pedee, Waccamaw, And Winyaw; The Hooks and Backhooks Indians

These small tribes lived on the lower Pedee and its tributaries in South Carolina and the contiguous border of North Carolina. Nothing is known of their language and very little can now be learned of their former daily life or their religious system of belief, as they were never prominent in history. For the “Hooks” and “Backhooks” there is only the authority of Lawson, who mentions them as enemies of the Santee, living in the earliest part of the eighteenth century about the mouth of Winyaw River, i. e., Winyah bay, South Carolina1 . The names have a suspicious appearance, as though badly corrupted from their proper forms. Rivers, perhaps from original information, makes them Hooks and Back Hooks, which, if correct, may indicate that the former lived nearer the coast and the others back of them. The Waccamaw lived on the river of that name, which enters the Pedee from the north almost at its mouth. The Winyaw lived on the western side of the Pedee near its mouth. Black river, a lower tributary of the Pedee from the west, was formerly called Wenee River, probably another form of the same word, and Winyah bay still preserves their memory. The two tribes are mentioned in 1715 as living near together and as receiving supplies of ammunition from the Sara, who were endeavoring to persuade them to join the Yamasi and other hostiles against the English2 . In 1755 the Cherokee and Notchee were reported to have killed some Pedee and Waccamaw in the white settlements3 . This appears to be the last mention of the Waccamaw, though from other...

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