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Salinan Family

Salinan Family. A linguistic stock of California, named by Latham (1856) and Powell (1891) from Salinas river. The Salinan Indians inhabited parts of San Luis Obispo, Monterey, and perhaps San Benito Counties, their territory extending from the sea to the main ridge of the Coast range and from the head of the Salinas drainage to a short distance above Soledad. Little is known about them; no name for themselves as a body, for their language, or for any division, either in their own or in any other Indian language, is known; nor is it known what any such divisions may have been. The name of the place at which the mission of San Miguel was established was Vahia, or Vatica, and that of the mission of San Antonio, Sextapay. The Tatche (Tachi) or Telame Indians, mentioned by Duflot do Mofras as at San Antonio, are Yokuts tribes that were brought to that mission. Cholame Creek and town in San Luis Obispo County possibly take their name from a Salinan word, and the same may be the case with Jolon in Monterey County. The missions of San Antonio and San Miguel were established in Salinan territory in 1771 and 1797. The total baptisms at these missions reached 4,400 and 2,400 respectively, and it appears that these numbers included Yokuts. Like all the other tribes, the Salinan Indians decreased rapidly during mission times, the number, at each mission having fallen to fewer than 700 by 1831, and more rapidly after secularization. At present their total number is perhaps 20, most of them near Jolon. The Salinan language is very irregular in...

Salinan Indians

Salinan Indians – From Salinas River which drains most of their territory. Salinan Connections. Formerly considered a distinct linguistic stock, they are now connected with the Hokan linguistic family. Salinan Location. From the headwaters of the Salinas, or perhaps only from the vicinity of the Santa Margarita Divide, north to Santa Lucia Peak and an unknown point in the valley somewhere south of Soledad; and from the sea presumably to the main crest of the Coast Range. Salinan Subdivisions On linguistic grounds the Salinan have been divided into the San Miguel Salinas on the upper course of Salinas River, the San Antonio Salinas below the preceding to Costanoan territory, and the Playano along the coast. Salinan Villages San Antonio Division: Chahomesh, at the head of San Antonio River. Chohwahl, near the mouth of San Antonio River. Chukilin, at the head of Nacimiento Creek. Holamna Jolon, southeast of San Antonio Mission. Nasihl Pleyto, on lower San Antonio River. Sapewis, below the preceding. Skotitoki, north of San Antonio Mission. Tesospek, on San Antonio River above San Antonio Mission. Tetachoya Ojitos, on lower San Antonio River. San Miguel Division: Cholame, probably on Cholame Creek or at the mouth of Estrella Creek. Teshaumis, on the upper course of Cholame Creek. Teshaya, at San Miguel Mission. Trolole, near Cholame or near Santa Margarita. Playano. Ehmahl, located conjecturally near Lucia. Lema, perhaps lower down the coast than the preceding. Ma’tihl’she, located conjecturally still farther south. Tsilakaka, placed conjecturally near San Simeon. Salinan Population. Kroeber (1925) estimates that there may have been 3,000 Salinan in 1770 but that 2,000 is a safer estimate; about 40 remain....

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