Discover your family's story.

Enter a grandparent's name to get started.

Start Now

War With The Modoc – Indian Wars

Early April 16th, the Modoc had a big fire in their camp. Major Thomas dropped a shell directly into it, provoking a frantic war whoop, and causing the sudden extinguishing of the fire. Another shell was dropped in the same locality, and was followed by yells of pain and dismay. The Modoc then appeared and challenged the soldiers to come out and fight. Another shell was the answer, and they were driven back. At 4 o’clock A. M. , after another fight, the Modoc gave up the attempt to break through the line and retired. Scattering shots were fired on the men who attempted to advance on them. At 9 o’clock Gen. Gillem‘s command moved forward from the position gained on Tuesday, and soon occupied the ledge next to Jack’s camp. Col. Mason moved the right forward as rapidly as possible to form a junction with Gen. Gillem‘s left, cutting off the Modoc from the lake, their only source of water supply. The junction was affected at noon. At 2 p. m. the mortars were throwing shells within excellent range. Col Greene fell back behind the ledge, awaiting the Modoc, should the shells drive them out. After the firing the Modoc replied with yells. After the fifth shell there came a raking fire and a small party of men sprang out of the chasm and came into the lines amid a shower of bullets. The falling back was caused by the Modoc flanking and opening a crossfire. Col. Miller, attempting to form a junction with the Warm Spring Indians, missed them as he swung down into the great chasm with thirteen men, whereupon Miller...

Round Valley Reservation

Report of Special Agent I. P. FELL on the Indians of Round Valley reservation, Round Valley agency, Mendocino County, California, January 1891. Names of Indian tribes or parts of tribes occupying said reservation: (a) Koukan, Little Lake, Pitt River, Potter Valley, Redwood, Wailakki, and Yuki. The unallotted area of this reservation is 102,118 acres, or 159.5 square miles. The outboundaries have been surveyed. It was established, altered, or changed by acts of Congress approved April 8, 1801 (13 U. S. State, p. 39), and March 3, 1873 (17 U. S. Stats., p. 631); executive orders March 30, 1870, April 8, 1873, May 18, 1875, and July 90, 1876. Indian population June 1, 1890: 581. Round Valley reservation is situated in Mendocino County, California. A level tract of rich valley land, surrounded by a cordon of mountains, whose foothills afford the best grazing lands, presents a remarkable combination of facilities for agricultural pursuits. It is 25 miles from the nearest town of any size, and almost 80 miles by stage from Ukiah, the terminus of the San Francisco and Northern Pacific railroad. There are 581 Indians living on the reservation in comparatively comfortable, wooden shanties, built for them by the government, which are scattered over the level land and extend up the foothills. In addition to these shanties some have built for themselves small huts, made of loose boards without nails, having more the appearance of piles of wood and lumber than habitations. In some of these shanties they crowd more people than is conducive to health or decency. The 3 schools on the reservation are in good condition and...

Pin It on Pinterest