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Papago Tribe

A Piman tribe, closely allied to the Pima, whose original home was the territory south and south east of Gila River, especially south of Tucson, Arizona, in the main and tributary valleys of the Rio Santa Cruz, and extending west and south west across the desert waste known as the Papaguería, into Sonora, Mexico

Pima Tribe

As popularly known, the name of a division of the Piman family living in the valleys of the Gila and Salt in south Arizona. Formerly the term was employed to include also the Nevome, or Pimas Bajos, the Pima as now recognized being known as Pimas Altos (‘Upper Pima’ ), and by some also the Papago. These three divisions speak closely related dialects. The Pima call themselves A’â’tam, the people.

Sobaipuri Tribe

Sobaipuri Indians. A Piman tribe formerly inhabiting the main and tributary valleys of San Pedro and Santa Cruz rivers, between lon. 110° and 111°, and the Rio Gila between the month of the San Pedro river and the ruins of Casa Grande, and possibly eastward of this area in south Arizona. Missions were established among them by the Spaniards in the latter part of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries at Guevavi, Suamca, and San Xavier del Bac, to which numerous visitas were attached. According to Bourke “the Apaches have among them the Tze-kinne, or Stone-house people, descendants of the cliff-dwelling Sòbaypuris, whom they drove out of Aravypa cañon and forced to flee to the Pimas for refuge about a century ago”1; and Bandelier2 states that “the Apaches caused the Sobaypuris to give up their homes on the San Pedro and to merge into the Papagos.” It would seem, therefore, that the extinction of the Sobaipuri as a tribe was due to depredations by the Apache and that their remnant was absorbed by the Papago, their western neighbors, of whom indeed they may have been but a part. In later years the Papago occupied at least one of the former Sobaipuri towns-San Xavier del Bac. Former settlements ascribed to the Sobaipuri are: Alamos Aribaiba Babisi Baicadeat Busac Camani Causac Comarsuta Esqugbaag Guevavi Juamalturgo (?) Jiaspi Muiva Ojio Optuabo Quiburi Quiquiborica Reyes San Angelo San Clemente San Felipe San Salvador Santa Eulalia San Xavier del Bac So-noita Suamca Tubo Tumacacori Turisai Tusonimon Tutoida Alternate Spellings Rsársavina – Russell, Pima MS., B. A. E., 16, 1902 ( spotted :...

Pima Indians

Pima Indians. Signifying “no” in the Nevome dialect and incorrectly applied through misunderstanding by the early missionaries. Also called: Â’-â’tam, own name, signifying “people,” or, to distinguish them from the Papago Â’-â’tam â’kimûlt, “river people.” Nashteíse, Apache name, signifying “live in mud houses.” Paǐnyá, probably name given by Havasupai. Saikiné, Apache name, signifying “living in sand (adobe) houses,” also applied to Papago and Maricopa. Teχ-păs, Maricopa name. Tihokahana, Yavapai name. Widshi ǐti’kapa, Tonto-Yuma name. Pima Connections. The Pima gave their name to the Piman linguistic stock of Powell, which is now recognized to be a subdivision of the great Uto-Aztecan stock, also including the Nahuatlan and Shoshonean families. The tribes connected most intimately with the Pima were the Papago (see above) and the Quahatika (q. v.), and after them the so-called Pima Bajo or Nevome of Mexico. Pima Location. In the valleys of the Gila and Salt Rivers. Pima Subdivisions. Formerly the name Pima was applied to two tribes called respectively the Pima Bajo and Pima Alto, but the former, living chiefly in Sonora, Mexico, are now known as Nevome, the term Pima being restricted to the Pima Alto. Pima Villages Agua Escondida, probably Pima or Papago, southwest of Tubac, southwestern Arizona. Agua Fria, probably Pima, on Gila River Reservation. Aquitun, 5 miles west of Picacho, on the border of the sink of the Santa Cruz River. Aranca, two villages, location unknown. Arenal, probably Pima, on the Pima and Maricopa Reservation, Gila River. Arivaca, west of Tubao. Arroyo Grande, southern Arizona. Bacuancos, 7 leagues south of the mission of Guevavi, northwestern Sonora, Mexico. Bisani, 8 leagues southwest of Caborica,...

Pima Indian Bands, Gens and Clans

Many tribes have sub-tribes, bands, gens, clans and phratry.  Often very little information is known or they no longer exist.  We have included them here to provide more information about the tribes. Apap ( A pap) . A social division of the Pima, belonging to the Stoamohimal, or White Ants, phratral group. Russell, Pima MS., B. A. E., 313, 1903. Apuki (A′pŭtĭ). A social division of the Pima, belonging to the Stoamohimal, or White Ants, phratral group. Russell, Pima MS., B. A. E., 313, 1903. Ateacari. A branch of the Cora division of the Piman family on the Rio de Nayarit, or Rio de San Pedro, in Jalisco, Mexico. Colotlan. Classed by Orozco y Berra as a branch of the Cora division of the Piman stock inhabiting a N. tributary of the Rio Grande de Santiago (Rio Colotlan), between long. 104º and 105º and about lat. 22º, Jalisco, Mexico. The language was almost extinct by 1864. Among their towns were Comatlan and Apozolco, at which missions were established by the Spaniards. (F. W. H.) Hoabonoma. Evidently the Pima or Maricopa name of a tribe of which Father Kino learned while on the lower Rio Gila, Ariz., in 1700. Unidentified, although probably Yuman. They have sometimes been loosely classed as a part of the...

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