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Osochi Indians

Osochi Tribe: Meaning unknown. Osochi Connections. Within recent times the closest connections of this tribe have been with the Chiaha, though their language is said to have been Muskhogean, but there is some reason to think that they may have been originally a part of the Timucua. (See below.) Osochi Location. Their best known historic seat was in the great bend of Chattahoochee River, Russell County, Alabama, near the Chiaha. (See also Georgia and Florida.) Osochi Villages. The town of Hotalgi-huyana was populated in part from this tribe and in part from the Chiaha. The census of 1832 gives two settlements, one on the Chattahoochee River and one on a stream called Opillike Hatchee. Osochi History. The suggestion that the Osochi may have been Timucua is founded On the resemblance of their name to that of a Timucua division in northwest Florida called by the Spaniards Ossachile or Ugachile On the fact that after the Timucua uprising of 1656 some of the rebels “fled to the woods,” The later mention of a detached body of Timucua in the neighborhood of the Apalachicola. Early in the eighteenth century they seem to have been living with or near the Apalachicola at the junction of the Chattahoochee and Flint. From what Hawkins (1848) tells us regarding them, we must suppose that they moved up Flint River somewhat later and from there to the Chattahoochee, in the location near the Chiaha above given. They migrated to Oklahoma with the rest of the Lower Creeks, and maintained their separateness in that country for a while but were later absorbed in the general mass of...

Osochi Tribe

I have registered my belief that the origin of the Osochi is to be sought in that Florida “province” through which De Soto passed shortly before reaching the Apalachee. The name is given variously as Uçachile,1 Uzachil,2 Veachile,3 and Ossachile.4 Since the Timucua chief Uriutina speaks of the Uçachile as “of our nation,”5 while the chief of Uçachile is said to be “kinsman of the chief of Caliquen,”6 it may be inferred that the tribe then spoke a Timucua dialect.7 If this were really the case it is strange that, instead of retiring farther into Florida with the rest of the Timucua, these people chose to move northward entirely away from the old Timucua country. Nevertheless, Spanish documents do inform us of one northward movement as an aftermath of the Timucua rebellion in 1656.8 Other evidence seeming to mark out various steps in the migration of these people has been adduced already,9 mention being made of “Tommakees” near the mouth of Apalachicola River about 1700 by Coxe,10 “Tomoóka” in the same region by Lamhatty in 1707,11 and a town or tribe near the junction of the Apalachicola and Flint Rivers called “Apalache ó Sachile” at a considerably later date.12 The ó in the last term has been mistaken by the cartographer for the Spanish connective ó, but there can be no doubt that it belongs properly with what follows. Osochi is always accented on the first syllable. The spot indicated on this map is that at which the Apalachicola Indians settled after the Yamasee war. We must suppose, then, unless we have to do with a very bad misprint, either that...

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