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Koroa Indians

Koroa Tribe: Meaning unknown. Also called: Kúlua, Choctaw name, the Muskhogean people being unable to pronounce r readily. Koroa Connections. The name and associations, together with Le Page du Pratz’s (1758) statement that their language possessed an r sound, are practically conclusive proof that this tribe belonged to the Tunican linguistic group. Koroa Location. The Koroa appear oftenest in association with the Yazoo on the lower course of Yazoo River, but at the very earliest period they were on the banks of the Mississippi or in the interior of what is now Louisiana on the other side of that river. (See also Louisiana.) Koroa Villages. None are known under any other name but Koroa. Koroa History. In the De Soto narratives a people is mentioned called Coligua and Colima which may be the one under discussion. If not, the first appearance of the Koroa in history is on Marquette’s map applying to 1673, though they are there misplaced. The La Salle narratives introduce us, apparently, to two tribes of the name, one on Yazoo River, the other below Natchez, but there are reasons for thinking that the latter was the tribe elsewhere called Tiou. In Tonti’s account of his expedition overland to the Red River in 1690 we learn of a Koroa town west of the Mississippi, and also of a Koroa River. In 1700 Bienville also learned of a trans-Mississippi Koroa settlement. From the time of Tonti’s expedition to the mouth of the Mississippi in 1686 there seems to have been a Koroa town on or near the lower Yazoo, as mentioned above. When the Natchez outbreak occurred,...

Koroa Tribe

Koroa Indians. A small tribe, perhaps related to the Tonika, whose home was on the west bank of the Mississippi below the Natchez, on the Yazoo, and in the country intervening westward from the Mississippi. They were visited early in 1682 by La Salle, who described their cabins as dome-shaped, about 15 ft high, formed chiefly of large canes, and without windows1 . They were considered warlike, and were cruel and treacherous. In 1705 a party of them, hired by the French priest Foucault to convey him by water to the Yazoo, murdered him and two other Frenchmen. LaSalle observed that their language differed from that of the Taensa and Natchez, but their customs were the same. All afterward moved to and settled on Yazoo River, Mississippi, where in 1742 they lived in the same village as the Yazoo. They were then allies of the Chickasaw, but were later merged with the Choctaw and their identity as a separate organization was lost. Allen Wright, whose grandfather was of this tribe, informed Gatschet2 that the term Koroa, or Coroa, was neither Choctaw nor Chickasaw, and that the Koroa spoke a language differing entirely from the Choctaw.FootnotesMargry, Déc., 1, 558, 1876 ↩Gatschet, Creek Migr. Leg., 1, 48,...

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