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Hoopa Valley Reservation

Report of Special Agent I. P. Fell on the Indians of Hoopa Valley reservation, Mission-Tule Consolidated agency, Humboldt County, California, December 1890, and January 1891. Names of Indian tribes or parts of tribes occupying said reservation:1 Hunsatung, Hupâ, Klamath River, Miskut, Redwood, Saiaz, Sermalton, and Tishtanatan. The unallotted area of this reservation is 89,572 acres, or 140 square miles. The outboundaries have been surveyed: It was established, altered, or changed by act of Congress approved April 8, 1864 (13 U. S. Stats., p. 39); executive order, Juno 23, 1876. Indian population June 1, 1890: 468. Situated in the extreme northwestern portion of the state of California and watered by the Trinity River, Hoopa valley, some 6 or 7 miles long and from one-half to a mile wide, is one of the oases in the wilderness of forest-covered mountains. The spot is very fertile, the soil in the valley being rich, black earth. Being surrounded by mountains from 2,500 to 3,000 feet high, it has a fine climate for a place situated so far north. The agency is at Colton, California. Fort Gaston, a United States post with a garrison, occupies a tract a mile square in the very center of the valley. Its reservation, however, covers the poorest portion of the valley. In both directions from the fort up and down the valley to either end of ‘the reservation Indians are comfortably housed in little wooden shanties or houses that have been built for them, yet some of them prefer to live in rough huts made by themselves, whose only entrance is a round hole to crawl through. Discover...

Klamath River Reservation

Hoopa Valley Sub-agency Report of Special Agent I. P. Pell on the Indians of Klamath River reservation, Hoopa Valley sub-agency, Humboldt County, California, January 1801. Names of Indian tribes or parts of tribes occupying said reservation:1 Klamath River [or properly Outlines and Enroes]. The unallotted area of this reservation is 25,1300 acres, or 40 square miles. This reservation has been surveyed. It was established by executive order of November 16, 1855. Klamath River reservation, Humboldt County, California, created by executive order November 16, 1855, is carried on the books of the Indian Office. The public land laws of the United States do not apply to public lands until extended over them by specific act of Congress. No agent or United States authority resides on this reservation. It is tributary, however, to the Hoopa Valley sub-agency. The Klamath reservation Indians now number 80 or 90 and live on the reservation along the Klamath River, from its mouth, where it empties into the Pacific Ocean. As I understand it, the reservation lands are 1 mile wide on each side of the river and running back and up 20 miles. There is but little arable land in its whole extent patches are now and then found of from half au acre to 3 or 4 acres each. The Indians residing on or about the reservation are personally within the laws and system of the state of California, They are more than usually intelligent and capable. One or two live on the Hoopa Valley reservation, and some have homes near Eureka and Arcata. They work small pieces of land for themselves and do...

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