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Haida Tribe

Haida Indians, Haida Nation (Xa’ida, ‘people’). The native and popular name for the Indians of the Queen Charlotte Islands., British Columbia, and the south end of Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, comprising the Skittagetan family. By the natives themselves the term may be applied generally to any human being or specifically to one speaking the Haida language. Some authors have improperly restricted the application of the tend to the Queen Charlotte islanders, calling the Alaskan Haida, Kaigani. Several English variants of this word owe their origin to the fact that a suffix usually accompanies it in the native language, making it Hā’dē in one dialect and Haidaga’i in the other. On the ground of physical characteristics the Haida, Tlingit, and Tsimshian peoples should be grouped together.  Language and social organization indicate still closer affinities between the Haida and Tlingit. According to their own traditions the oldest Haida towns stood on the east shore, at Naikum and on the broken coast of Moresby island. Later a portion of the people moved to the west coast, and between 150 and 200 years ago a still larger section, the Kaigani, drove the Tlingit from part of Prince of Wales island and settled there. Although it is not impossible that the Queen Charlotte islands were visited by Spaniards during the 17th century, the first certain account of their discovery is that by Ensign Juan Perez, in the corvette Santiago, in 1774. He named the north point of the island, Cabo de Santa Margarita. Bodega and Maurelle visited them the year after. In 1786 La Perouse coasted the shores of the islands, and the...

Haida Indian Bands, Gens and Clans

Many tribes have sub-tribes, bands, gens, clans and phratry.  Often very little information is known or they no longer exist.  We have included them here to provide more information about the tribes. Haida Indian Bands, Gens and Clans Chats-hadai A subdivision of the Koetas, a Haida family belonging to the Kaigani group. They were probably so named from a camping place. Swanton, Cont. Haida, 272, 1905. Dagangasels (Dāgañasêls, ‘common food-steamers’). A subdivision of the Kona-kegawai of the Haida. They were of low social rank, and the name was used probably in contempt. Swanton, Cont. Haida, 273, 1905. Daiyuahl-lanas (Daiyū ał lā′nas, ‘people of the town where they always give away food). A division of the Raven clan of the Haida, named from one of its towns. A second name for the band was Kasta-kegawai (Q!ā′sta qē′gawa-i) , those born at Skidegate cr. It formerly occupied the coast between Alliford bay and Cumshewa point, but is now nearly extinct. Swanton, Cont. Haida, 269, 1905. Djahui-gitinai (Djaxui’gûtînā′i, sea ward Eagles). A division of the Eagle clan of the Haida. They considered themselves a part of the Gitins of Skidegate, being simply those who lived farthest outward down Skidegate inlet, Queen Charlotte ids., Brit. Col. They formed the main part of the Eagle population at Naikun and C. Ball. Swanton, Cont. Haida, 274, 1905. Djahui-hlgahet-kegawai (Djaxui′lgā′-xet qē′gawa-i, ‘those born on the seaward side of Pebble town’). A subdivision of the Hlgahet-gitinai, of the Haida of Queen Charlotte ids., Brit. Col. Swanton, Cont. Haida, 274, 1905. Djahui-skwahladagai (Djaxui′sqoā′ład-aga-i, ‘down-the-inlet’ Skwahladas). A division of the Raven clan of the Haida. They were probably once...

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