The Tribes West of the Mississippi – Indian Wars

By treaties concluded by the agents of the United State government at different periods, nearly all of the Indian tribes have been induced to remove west of the Mississippi. Those who remain in the haunts of their fathers are chiefly converts to Christianity, and in a half civilized state. Many of the tribes have dwindled



Indians of the Great Western Prairies

Crow Indian

Upon the Yellowstone, and about the headwaters of the Missouri, the most noted tribes are the Crows and Blackfeet. Bordering upon them at the north and northeast are their enemies, the Ojibbeways, Knisteneaux, and Assinaboins, of some of whom brief mention has been made in former chapters. In 1834 the Blackfeet were computed to number



Montana Land Patents – Flathead Tribe



Treaty of October 17, 1855

Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at the council-ground on the Upper Missouri, near the mouth of the Judith River, in the Territory of Nebraska, this seventeenth day of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, by and between A. Cumming and Isaac I. Stevens, commissioners duly appointed and authorized,



Treaty of July 16, 1855

Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded at the treaty-ground at Hell Gate, in the Bitter Root Valley, this sixteenth day of July, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, by and between Isaac I. Stevens, governor and superintendent of Indian affairs for the Territory of Washington, on the part of the



Jocko Reservation

Charlot's band on the March

Flathead Agency Report of Special Agent Horatio L. Seward on the Indians of the Jocko reservation, Flathead agency, Montana, December 1890, and January 1891. Names of Indian tribes or parts of tribes occupying said reservation:1 Bitter Root, Carlos band, Flathead, Kutenay, Lower Kalispal, and Pend d’Oreille. The unallotted area of this reservation is 1,433,600 acres,



Carlos Agreement

Articles of agreement, made this 3rd day of November, A.D. 1889, between Henry B. Carrington, “special disbursing agent in the field,” designated by the Secretary of the Interior to secure the several “consents” of certain of the Flathead Indians to whom patents were issued for lands assigned to them in the Bitter Root Valley, Montana



Certification of Michael Revais

UNITED STATES INDIAN SERVICE FLATHEAD INDIAN AGENCY, Arlee P.O., Mont., December, 1889. The undersigned, a Flathead Indian patentee of land in Bitter Root Valley, now living near the agency, on the Jocko Reservation, Mont., do certify that I acted as guide for General Henry B. Carrington, special agent of the Interior Department, during his negotiations



Certification of J. D’Aste, S. J.

UNITED STATES INDIAN SERVICE FLATHEAD INDIAN AGENCY, Dated Arlee P.O., Mont., December 13, 1889. The undersigned principal of the St. Ignatius Mission School, and for more than twenty years spiritual advisor and pastor of the Flathead Indians in bitter Root Valley, acquainted with their families and their language, hereby certify that I was present at



Transfer of Power of Attorney

Know all men by these presents that I have appointed my brother, Alexander Matte, of the Flathead Indians, living on the reservation of said tribe known as the Jocko Reservation, my good and lawful attorney in fact to transact business for me and my name during my absence, and especially to execute any and all



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