These 409 people were identified as Indians (I) in column 6 (color) of the 1860 census for Mason County Michigan. In order to have been enumerated they are believed to have renounced tribal rule, and under state law, exercised their rights as citizens.
Free Inhabitants in “The Creek Nation” in the County “West of the” State of “Akansas” enumerated on the “16th” day of “August” 1860. While the census lists “free inhabitants” it is obvious that the list contains names of Native Americans, both of the Creek and Seminole tribes, and probably others. The “free inhabitants” is likely indicative that the family had given up their rights as Indians in treaties previous to 1860, drifted away from the tribe, or were never fully integrated. The black (B) and mulatto (M) status may indicate only the fact of the color of their skin, or whether one had a white ancestors, they may still be Native American.
Cayuga County New York Census Records – Search and view the US Federal Census Images from 1790-1940 for Cayuga County, New York for free. Also provided are lists of any state census available online for Cayuga County NY.
The following are part of GenWeb’s Census Project website and provide a complete index and transcription for the 1860 Cayuga County New York Census. Since there is no intro page created by the project which reflects this specific census we have created this page so that our users understand the files they need to view, and how to view them. This 1860 census was transcribed and proofread in 2002 and 2003 by Linda Talbott and L. Medlin. (See transcriber’s notes) It took about a year for them to transcribe and index the approximately 42,000 people enumerated within Cayuga County, New York in 1860.
Seneca County New York Census Records – Search and view the US Federal Census Images from 1790-1940 for Seneca County, New York for free. Also provided are lists of any state census available online for Seneca County NY.
The Eighth Census of the United States was authorized by the previous census May 23, 1850 act. On the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior, the provisions of this act were to be “adhered to, following the requirement for the taking of the eighth, or any subsequent census under its provisions, if no law,
Census of 1850 The United States censuses prior to 1850 did not include Indians, and they were not stated in the total of population. The Indian census of 1850 grew out of an enumeration of the Indians under authority of the following clause in the Indian appropriation act of June 27, 1846: And it shall