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Chickasaw Districts, Death, and Doctors

Up to the time the Chickasaws moved west (1836- 38), their country was divided into three districts, viz: Tishomingo, Sealy and McGilvery. At the time of their exodus west to their present places of abode, Tishomingo (properly Tishu Miko, chief officer or guard of the king) was the chief of the Tishu Miko district; Samuel Sealy, of the Sealy district, and William McGilvery, of the McGilvery district. The Chickasaw ruler was styled king instead of chief and his chief officer was called Tishu Miko. Ishtehotohpih was the reigning king at the time they left their ancient places of abode east of the Mississippi river for those west. He died in 1840. He was the last of the Chickasaw rulers who bore the title, king. After his death the monarchical form of government, which was hereditary, as I was informed by Governor Cyrus Harris, was abolished, and the form of Republicanism adopted. The power of their kings was very circumscribed, being only about equal to that of their present governor. The king’s wife was called queen, but clothed with no authority what ever, and regarded only as other Chickasaw women. That Tishu Miko was a wise counselor and brave warrior among the Chickasaws is about all that has escaped oblivion, as little has been preserved of his life by tradition or otherwise. He was the acting Tishu Miko of Ishtehotohpih at the time of the removal of his people to the west. He died in 1839, the year before his royal master. He was appointed during life as one of the chief counselors to Ishtehotohpih; and when he advised the...

Biography of Napolean McGilvery

NAPOLEON McGILVERY. – The life of this pioneer is full of interest, and embraces many of the most interesting occurrences on the coast, particularly the campaign of Frémont’s little band, which secured California to the union. Mr. McGilvery was born in the Lake of the Woods, Upper Canada, at the Hudson’s Bay post, his father being for many years an officer in that company. In 1839 he came to Vancouver with a considerable party, and was occupied in the service of the company until 1844, when he left the British and became his own American master on Howell’s Prairie. In 1846, upon the outbreak of the war with Mexico, he went to California, and at Sonoma joined the American volunteers, who soon crossed San Francisco Bay and were incorporated in Frémont’s forces. He took part in that belligerent captain’s various military excursions, going on board the Sterling to make an attack at San Diego, but returning with that ship upon the news being received at sea that the American forces had suffered defeat at San Pedro. He was in the campaign all the way from Monterey to Los Angeles, and was at the capture of San Luis Obispo. The next year he was with Commodore Stockton, crossing the plains to Missouri. After a short stop at the Missouri river, he came back in 1848 to Vancouver, but immediately left for California, digging gold for two years. There he again fell in with distinguished company, becoming a member of Captain Warner’s exploring party, which made an expedition to Goose Lake, and had a hot fight with the Indians, in which...

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