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Biographical Sketch of William Custis Harnage

(See Ghigau and Sanders)-William Curtis Harnage was born April 15, 1884, and was educated in the Male Seminary and Henry Kendall College in Muskogee, graduating from the latter institution. He married at Tahlequah in 1905, Rose B., daughter of H. L. Nye. They are the parents of William Halleck, born in 1906 Griffith Scott, born in 1909 and Lawrence Nye Harnage born in 1912. Mr. and Mrs. Harnage are members of the Presbyterian Church, and he is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias organization. William Thomas Harnage was born July 27, 1847, and married December 25, 1870, 1850 in Marshall County, Mississippi. He was elected Senator from Tahlequah District August 7, 1899. They were the parents of William Custis...

Biographical Sketch of C. L. Harnage

(See Ghigau and Sanders) -Custis Lee, son of John Griffith and Emily Walker (Mayfield) Harnage was born June 30, 1867. Educated in Texas. Married at Vinita Jan. 29, 1899 Frances Catherine, daughter of Joseph Henry and Ruth Jane (Harlan) Hunt, born August 3, 1874. She was educated in Vinita. They were the parents of: Emma Ruth, born March 25, 1900; James Hall, born Jan. 10, 1902; Nannie Pauline, born Dec. 4, 1904, died Dec. 26, 1918; Lucile Dixie, born July 18, 1909; and Curtis Le Harnage, born Jan. 18, 1913. Mr. Harnage is a farmer and stockraiser at Talala. He is a member of the Masonic, I. O. O. F. and Knights of Pythias...

Slave Narrative of Phyllis Petite

Person Interviewed: Phyllis Petite Location: Fort Gibson, Oklahoma Place of Birth: Rusk County, Texas Age: 83 I was born in Rusk County, Texas, on a plantation about eight miles east of Belleview. There wasn’t no town where I was born, but they had a church. My mammy and pappy belonged to a part Cherokee named W. P. Thompson when I was born. He had kinfolks in the Cherokee Nation, and we all moved up here to a place on Fourteen-Mile Creek close to where Hulbert now is. ‘way before I was big enough to remember anything. Then, so I been told, old master Thompson sell my pappy and mammy and one of my baby brothers and me back to one of his neighbors in Texas name of John Harnage. Mammy’s name was Letitia Thompson and pappy’s was Riley Thompson. My little brother was named Johnson Thompson, but I had another brother sold to a Vann and he always call hisself Harry Vann. His Cherokee master lived on the Arkansas river close to Webber’s Falls and I never did know him until we was both grown. My only sister was Patsy and she was borned after slavery and died at Wagoner, Oklahoma. I can just remember when Master John Harnage took us to Texas. We went in a covered wagon with oxen and camped out all along the way. Mammy done the cooking in big wash kettles and pappy done the driving of the oxen. I would set in a wagon and listen to him pop his whip and holler. Master John took us to his plantation and it was...

Biography of W. W. Harnage

W. W. Harnage of Muskogee is now living retired from active business but for many years was closely identified with farming interests. A native of Texas, he was born in Rusk County, on the 8th of January, 1852, and is a son of George W. and Nancy (May-field) Harnage, both of whom were born and reared in the old Cherokee Nation in Georgia but were married in Oklahoma, where they resided until 1847. In that year they removed to Texas, where they spent their remaining days and in the Lone Star state they reared their family of four children, of whom W. W. Harnage is the only one living. Spending his youthful days under the parental roof W. W. Harnage acquired a public school education and afterward took up the occupation of farming as a life work. He had early become familiar with the best methods of tilling the soil and caring for the crops and he continued to devote his attention to farming interests in Texas until 1883 and at the same time engaged in stock raising. In that year, however, he disposed of his interests in his native state and removed to Oklahoma, then the Indian Territory, settling on a farm in the vicinity of Muskogee. Again he concentrated his attention upon the live stock business and became prominently known as one of the leading stock raisers of the district in which he lived. He continued to devote his attention to his farm and live stock interests until 1919, when he retired from active farm life and now makes his home with his son in Muskogee. In...

Biographies of the Cherokee Indians

Whatever may be their origins in antiquity, the Cherokees are generally thought to be a Southeastern tribe, with roots in Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee, among other states, though many Cherokees are identified today with Oklahoma, to which they had been forcibly removed by treaty in the 1830s, or with the lands of the Eastern Band of Cherokees in western North Carolina. The largest of the so-called Five Civilized Tribes, which also included Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles, the Cherokees were the first tribe to have a written language, and by 1820 they had even adopted a form of government resembling that of the United States. It is a lesser known fact that there was considerably more intermarriage between Cherokees and Whites than any other tribe, so they have a genealogical significance far out of proportion to their historical numbers. There is also a great deal of genealogical data on the Cherokees, mostly in the form of census records and enrollment records. All of which is to point out the abundance of sources available to Emmet Starr when he came to pen his classic History of the Cherokee Indians and Their Legends and Folklore. Not to diminish Mr. Starr’s contribution in writing about the early Cherokees, their constitution, treaties with the federal government, land transactions, school system, migration and resettlement, committees, councils, and officials, religion, language, and culture, and a host of other topics upon which he writes eloquently, but his stated purpose in writing the History was “to make it as near a personal history and biography of as many Cherokees as possible.” And in fact more than...

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