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1860 Census West of Arkansas – Creek Nation

Free Inhabitants in “The Creek Nation” in the County “West of the” State of “Akansas” enumerated on the “16th” day of “August” 1860. While the census lists “free inhabitants” it is obvious that the list contains names of Native Americans, both of the Creek and Seminole tribes, and probably others. The “free inhabitants” is likely indicative that the family had given up their rights as Indians in treaties previous to 1860, drifted away from the tribe, or were never fully integrated. The black (B) and mulatto (M) status may indicate only the fact of the color of their skin, or whether one had a white ancestors, they may still be Native American.

Hutchinson Family of Norwich Vermont

Hutchinson is an old and numerous family in Norwich, as well as in other parts of the country. They were among the early settlers of Massachusetts and were in Lynn and Salem in that colony as early as 1628, or 1629. A descendant of these early colonists, named Abijah, who was a tailor, removed from Salem to Windham early in the eighteenth century. His son Samuel, born about 1719, in company with his son, John, came to Norwich in 1765. They cleared an island in the Connecticut River, opposite the present residency of John W. Loveland, and planted it with corn. In the fall of that year they returned to Connecticut, and in company with a younger son, Samuel, returned in the spring of 1766, and made a permanent settlement. The elder Samuel spent the remainder of his life in the town, and died February 8, 1809. His wife was Jemina Dunham; she died January 12, 1798. Besides the two sons named above, he had three daughters: Sarah, married Francis Smalley; Tabitha, married Jonathan Delano; Jerusha, married Nathan Roberts. They all died young,’ soon after marriage. Hutchinson, John, son of Samuel, was born in 1741, in Windham, Connecticut, and married Mary Wilson, who was born in Ashford, Connecticut, in August, 1744. He enlisted in the Continental Army, and died at Philadelphia, June 22, 1778. His widow afterwards married Solomon Strong. His children were: Jerome Hutchinson, see further; John Hutchinson, who removed to New York State, where he died; Lydia Hutchinson, who was probably the first child born in Norwich, married D. Hammond, of Thetford; Abigail Hutchinson, married Honorable John...

Migration of Families out of Norwich VT

At the first enumeration of the inhabitants of eastern Vermont, as made by the authority of New York in 1771, Norwich was found to be the most populous of all the towns of Windsor County, having forty families and 206 inhabitants. Windsor followed with 203, and Hartford was third with 190. The aggregate population of the county (ten towns reported) was then but 1,205, mostly confined to the first and second tiers of towns west of the Connecticut River. Twenty years later, in 1791, Hartland led all the towns of the county with 1,652 inhabitants, Woodstock and Windsor coming next with 1,605 and 1,542 respectively. Exceptional causes made the little town of Guilford (now numbering scarcely more than one thousand inhabitants), till after the year 1800, the most populous town in the state. In Norwich, the great falling off in the size of families in recent years is seen in the fact, that in the year 1800, the number of children of school age was 604, out of a total population of 1,486, while in 1880 with a nearly equal population (1,471) it was but 390. In the removal of large numbers of the native-born inhabitants by emigration, we must find the principal cause of the decline of our rural population. Preeminently is this true of Norwich. The outflow of people began very early and now for more than a century there has been one unbroken, living stream of emigration pouring over our borders. Several families that had first located here became, before the close of the Revolutionary War, the pioneer settlers of Royalton, Tunbridge, and Randolph. Some of...

Norwich Vermont an Independent Township

In America the germ of political organization is the Township, older than the County, older than the State. In New England we find towns established as independent communities, endowed with distinctive rights and privileges, as early as the middle of the seventeenth century. It is to these town governments that we must look for the foundation of republican liberty, to the town meeting, where all citizens meet on a plane of equality to choose their local officers and manage their local affairs. Here is the firm basis upon which all free institutions can rest. Ralph Waldo Emerson once proposed that the records of a New England town should be printed and presented to the governments of Europe, to the English nation as a thank-offering and as a certificate of the progress of the Saxon race; to the continental nations as a lesson of humanity and love. De Tocqueville said that the government of a New England township was the best specimen of a pure democracy that the world has ever seen. The town charters granted by New Hampshire conferred upon the inhabitants of each township, from its first organization, the right of self-government in town meeting, by the election of town officers and general ejection of town affairs. Such, also, had long been the practice in Connecticut, from whence a large proportion of all the early settlers had immigrated to their new homes in the New Hampshire Grants. The royal decision of July 20, 1764, which extended the boundary of New York to the west bank of the Connecticut River, soon resulted in the practical relinquishment by New Hampshire...

Biographical Sketch of Roy W. Cloud

As head of the San Mateo County school system, Roy W. Cloud, Superintendent of schools, is known in almost every household in the county, and he is known to be fully competent and capable to discharge the responsibility that falls upon one in charge of the county’s future citizens. This is Mr. Cloud’s ninth year of office, having been elected for a third term in 1914. During his incumbency the San Mateo County schools have expanded to one of the finest systems in the state with a teaching corps and a set of buildings that should be a pride to every San Mateo County citizen. Roy W. Cloud was born at Crystal Springs, San Mateo County, August 24, 1876 and received the first part of his education in the schools of this county, completing his preparatory work at the Sequoia Union High School. He graduated from Stanford University with an A. B. degree. Before becoming County Superintendent of Schools Mr. Cloud had considerable experience in educational lines. He was principal of the school at Bodie, California, and before taking his degree at Stanford he taught in Redwood City schools. Mr. Cloud comes from a well known San Mateo family, his mother having come to the county in 1856 and his father, Joseph James Cloud, having been County Surveyor for sixteen years. He resides in Redwood City with his family, and his nine year-old son Noble attends the Redwood schools. Mr. Cloud has prominent fraternal affiliations. He is Past Master of Redwood City Lodge No 168 F. & A. M., Past Patron of Sequoia Chapter No. 203, Order of the...

Cloud, Carl Wesley – Obituary

Carl Wesley Cloud, a longtime resident and businessman of Baker City, passed away Feb. 12, 1992 at St. Elizabeth health Care Center. He was born February 22, 1900 in Carterville, Missouri. As a teenager, he moved with his parents William Lee and Myrtle E. Cloud to Pine Valley and Baker City where he received his schooling. He learned the barbering trade at Portland Barber College, in Portland, Oregon. Upon his return to Eastern Oregon, he worked at his trade in Sumpter, Haines, and Baker. He owned and operated the first barber shop in the Baker Hotel when it was completed July 29, 1929 and remained there until interrupted by World War II. At that time he closed his shop and moved to Portland with his wife to do defense work in the shipyards. After returning to Baker, he became a Real Estate Broker and opened his office on Main Street. he worked as a broker until retiring several years ago. He enjoyed traveling and the outdoors, especially the streams and lakes of the Blue Mountains. Special to him were his family, grandchildren, friends and church. He was a member of Calvary Baptist Church serving as a trustee and usher for many years. In 1918 he was married to Velma Ann Long of Haines. Their 73rd wedding anniversary was June 30, 1991. She preceded him in death July 23, 1991. He is survived by a daughter Dorotha A. Miller and son-in-law Harvey R. Miller of Eugene; grandsons John D. Miller and wife Joleen of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Carl T. Miller and wife Cindy of Lubbock, Texas; great granddaughters Tara and Caitlin...

Cloud, Velma Ann – Obituary

Baker City, Baker County, Oregon Velma Ann Cloud age 93, 2510 Aubers Ave., Baker City, Oregon passed away July 23, 1991 after an extended illness. She was born December 17, 1897 to John R. and Daisy E. Long in Muddy Creek on the farm of her pioneer grandparents. She attended Muddy Creek School and was graduated from Baker High School. The Muddy Creek School was built on land donated by her grandparents Alonzo and Julia A. Long. On June 30, 1918 she married Carl W. Cloud in Portland. They celebrated their 73rd wedding anniversary this year. They have resided in Baker most of their married life. During WWII, they lived in Portland doing defense work in the shipyards. For several years she was employed as sales lady in Baker for J.C. Penny and Montgomery Ward. She was a member of Calvary Baptist Church serving as a deaconess and Sunday School teacher for many years. Her other pioneer grandparents were Andrew J. and Hanna Rebecca Toney also of the Haines area. They crossed the plains in 1867. She is survived by her husband Carl, a daughter Dorotha A. Miller and son-in-law Harvey R. Miller of Eugene; grandson John D. Miller and wife Joleen of Philadelphia, Carl T. Miller and wife Cindy of Lubbock, Texas; great granddaughters Tara and Caitlin Miller of Philadelphia and great grandsons Luke and Mark Miller of Lubbock; one sister Elsie Vandecar of Durkee; nephews Larry Woodell of Burns and Eddie Hindman of Durkee and Joe Hindman of Pullman, WA. and several cousins. She was preceded in death by her parents and sister Eva Warren. She will...

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