The following data is extracted from History of the Pacific Northwest, Oregon and Washington, 1889.
ALEXANDER WAUGH. - This gentleman is a native of Indiana, and was born in 1826. He was a farmer boy and navigator on the inland rivers. Upon reaching mature life and being married, he came west to Rock Island, Illinois, in 1853, and in 1864 was on the plains for Oregon, making a successful trip despite an attack by the Sioux. He made his first location on Birch creek, Umatilla county, in September of that year, arriving with a total capital of four mules and seventy-five dollars in money. His one hundred and sixty acres of land, a small band of cattle, together with strict industry and economy, have kept him on the steady up-grade towards a competence; and in 1887 he realized ten thousand dollars by the sale of cattle, which the restricted range made it no longer profitable to attempt to keep. He invested this capital in a large tract of land, and continued in stock-raising upon the safe basis of a large provision for the winter months, and stall-feeding, and by replacing the common or scrub cattle by graded animals of the best breeds. His business success, which makes his assets foot up to twenty-five thousand dollars, has not been attained by the neglect of his duties to society or to his family, having given his own children a sound education, and also having assumed the care and education of his orphan grandchildren.
Source: History of the Pacific Northwest, Oregon and Washington, 1889