The Long Coat of Arms
The following data is extracted from Long Family Records.
A Coat of Arms is an emblem which is displayed by titled persons, persons of royal blood, and their descendants.
Coats of Arms were orginally used for purposes of identification and recognition on the field of battle as well as in civil life.
It is claimed by some writers that Coats of Arms, in a crude form, were used by Noah's sons after the flood. There are records of other Coats of Arms, in one crude form or another, at different periods of ancient history. Heraldry, however, as we know it today, did not become of much importance until soon after the invasion of England by William the Conqueror, A. D. 1066. Heraldry became of general interest at about the time of the Crusades.
The Long Coat of Arms shown on the cover of this volume has been in use by the Long Families for many centuries. It was used by the Long family of Wraxall, Wiltshire, which goes back to JOHN LONG, who died A. D. 1597. (See Chapter (C)-A101.)
This Coat of Arms is described in references 2, 4 and 6, and in other reliable works on heraldry (in heraldic parlance) as follows:
Arms: Sa. within two flaunches and semee of cross-crosslets or, a lion rampant argent.
Crest: A lion's head arg., erased or, holding in the mouth a dexter hand erased gu.
Motto: Pieux Quoique Preux. (Pious though valiant.)
Source: Long Family Records