Long, Crawford W.
The following data is extracted from Long Family Records.
physician: b. Danielsville, Ga., 1815; d. Athens, Ga., 1878; claimed to have performed, on March 30, 1842, the first surgical operation with the patient in the state of anesthesia from inhalation of ether; Dr. J. Marion Sims said that Dr. Long was the first "to intentionally produce anesthesia for surgical operation," and that this was done with sulphuric ether; named in a bill before the U. S. Senate in 1854 to reward the discoverers of practical anesthesia.
ELI, soldier: b. Woodford County, Ky., 1837; graduated at Frankford Military School, 1855; served with 1st U. S. cavalry, as captain against hostile Indians; throughout the Civil War he was actively engaged at Tallahoma, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga and in the Atlanta campaign; brevetted major, lieutenant-colonel and colonel for "gallant and meritorious services" at Farmington and Knoxville, Tenn., and Lovejoy's Station, Ga., respectively; in 1865, brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers for gallantry at Selma, Ala., being severely wounded in the capture of Selma; for his services during the war he was also brevetted major-general.
Source: Long Family Records