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Political and Social Conditions which followed Removal to the Indian Territory

Subsequent Effect Of Same Upon Citizenship Matters The removal of a whole nation from one portion of the country to a remote region difficult of access during the period of 20 year which preceded the Civil War and the reestablishment of that nation after such removal, necessarily had a demoralizing effect upon the institutions and governments of the people affected. This result was accentuated by the fact that the work of removal was accomplished by the Government of the United States, not at any one time, not within the period agreed upon in the treaty. but” throughout a long period of years and in scattering installments. All this is true, not of one nation either, but in all material respects of five. Necessarily a long period of peace and quiet, after such an experience in the history of any nation, would be required to restore conditions of law and order. Furthermore, it is patent that during such a period of turmoil might would make right in the distribution of political and property favors, and that the right of the weak and helpless would be ignored. Various rolls were made from time to time by the tribal authorities, but such rolls were defective in a number of respects, as will lie pointed out hereinafter in connection with the act of May 31, 1900 which will be discussed later. With reference to that act I will point out the conditions which I found to exist upon personal examination of the, tribal rolls, as well as those set forth by the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes in its several reports. The...

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