As early in the Revolutionary contest as 1775, at least six of Marlboro’s scanty population joined the continental army, viz.: Moses Tucker, Timothy Rogers, Robert Worsley, Daniel Collins, Lieutenant James Brewer and Pearson Newell. In a report made by the selectmen on the 3d of October of that year, however, the number is given at sixteen, “out of which number two are dead.” Among the others who went to the war were the following: William Barker, Richard Atwell, Daniel Lawrence, Benjamin Goodenow, Abel Woodward, Peter Tozer, Daniel Goodenow, Jonah Harrington, Colvin Goodenow, Frederick Freeman, Reuben McAlister, Adine Goodenow, Jabez McBride, Captain James Lewis, Lieutenant Richard Roberts, Ensigh Oliver Wright, Sergeant John Rogers, John Felton, Moses Tucker, Thomas Upham, John Lewis, James Bemis, Elijah Park, James Flood, Robert Converse, James Dean, Samuel Bishop, Jr., John Tozer, Richard Tozer, Eliphalet Stone. Phineas Park, William Tenney, Elnathan Newton, Jedediah Taintor, John Felton, David Wheeler, Thaddeus Hastings, John McBride, Thomas Riggs, Abijah Tucker, Shem Kentfield, Shubael Stone, Theodore Mann, Abraham Brooks, Peter Starkey, Eli Lewis, and Walter Capron. There were also thirty-nine Revolutionary soldiers subsequently settled in the town.
In the war of 1812 there went out from the town eleven men, as follows: Etheel Parmenter, Benjamin Fife, Henry H. Cutler, Nathan D. Barker, Abner Fairbanks, Moses Perkins, Stephen White, Ezekiel White, Darius Williams. Aaron Hodgkins and Levi Gates, Jr.
In the late war, the town furnished, including foreign substitutes, ninetyeight men, and paid in bounties $10,421.00