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The following tribes at one time are recorded in history as having resided within the present state of Wyoming. If the tribe name is in bold, then Wyoming is the primary location known for this tribe, otherwise we provide the tribes specifics as it pertains to Wyoming and then provide a link to the main tribal page.
- Arapaho Indians
- Bannock Indians. Some Bannock ranged into western Wyoming.
- Cheyenne Indians. The Cheyenne hunted and warred to some extent in the eastern part of Wyoming; were long allied with the Arapaho.
- Comanche Indians. Before separating from the Shoshoni the Comanche probably occupied territory in Wyoming, afterward moving south-ward.
- Crow Indians. The Crows occupied in Wyoming the valleys of Powder, Wind, and Big Horn Rivers and ranged as far south as Laramie.
- Dakota Indians. Dakota hunting and war parties frequently reached the territory of Wyoming, but the tribe had no permanent settlements there. In 1876 they participated with the Northern Arapaho and Northern Cheyenne in the cession of the northeastern territory of Wyoming.
- Kiowa Indians. According to tradition, a tradition reinforced by other evidence, the Kiowa lived for a time in or near the Black Hills before moving south.
- Kiowa Apache Indians. This tribe lived in close conjunction with the Kiowa.
- Pawnee Indians. The Pawnee were known to Wyoming only as hunters and warriors.
- Shoshoni Indians, Northern. The Northern Shoshoni formerly occupied the western part of Wyoming.
- Ute Indians. The Ute were just south of the present Wyoming and entered its territory at times to hunt or fight.