Colville Indian Tribe
Colville. The name is
derived from Fort Colville, a post of the Hudson's Bay Company at Kettle
Falls, which was in turn named for the London governor of the company at
the time when the post was founded, i. e., in 1825.
Basket People, by Hale (1846).
Chaudière, French name
derived from the popular term applied to them,
Kettle Falls Indians.
Kettle Falls Indians, as above.
Salsxuyilp, Okanagon name.
Skuyelpi, by other Salish tribes.
Whe-el-po, by Lewis and Clark, shortened from above.
The Colville belonged to the inland
division of the Salishan linguistic stock and to that
branch of the latter which included the Okanagon, Sanpoil, and
On Colville River and that part of
the Columbia between Kettle Falls and Hunters.
Subdivisions and Villages
From Ray, 1932
Kakalapia, home of the Skakalapiak (across from the present
town of Harvey, at
the point where the ferry now crosses).
Kilumaak, home of the Skilumaak (opposite the present town of
about 1½ miles above Nchumutastum).
Nchaliam, home of the Snchalik (about 1½
miles above the present town of
Nchumutastum, home of the Snchumutast (about 6 miles above
Nilami, home of the Snilaminak (about 15 miles above Kakalapia).
Nkuasiam, home of the Snkuasik (slightly above the present
town of Daisy, on
the opposite side of the river).
Smichunulau, home of the Smichunulauk (at the site of the
present State bridge
at Kettle Falls).
The history of the Colville was similar to that of the
neighboring tribes except that Kettle Falls was early fixed upon as the site of
an important post by the Hudson Bay Company and brought with it the usual
advantages and disadvantages of White contact.
estimated the number of the Colville at 1,000 as of 1780, but Lewis and
Clark placed it at 2,500, a figure also fixed upon by Teit (1930). In 1904
there were 321; in 1907, 334; and in 1937, 322.
Connection in which they have become noted
The name Colville was applied to an important Indian
Reservation and later to a town, the county seat of Stevens County, Wash., but
the original, of course, was not Indian.
Notes About the Book:
Source: The Indian Tribes of North America, by John R. Swanton, 1953, Bureau of
American Ethnology, Bulletin 145, US Government Printing Office, Washington DC.
Online Publication: The manuscript was scanned and then ocr'd. Minimal editing
has been done, and readers can and should expect some errors in the textual