Washington Indian Reservations

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A list of Washington Indian reservations showing the Indian tribes the land was set aside for, the amount of acres if known, and the acts, treaties, and executive orders used to establish the reservation.

Reservation: Chehalis
Tribes: Chinook, Clatsop, Chehalis
Acres:
Established by: Order of the Secretary of the Interior, July 8, 1864; Executive order, Oct. 1, 1886. 471 acres set aside for school purposes; the residue, 3,753.63 acres, was restored to the public domain for Indian homestead entry. 36 Indians made homestead selections, covering all the land.


Reservation: Columbia
Tribes: Moses’s band (Sinkiuse)
Acres:
Established by: Executive orders, Apr. 19, 1879, Mar. 6, 1880, and Feb. 23, 1883; Indian appropriation act of July 4, 1884 (XXIII, 79). Agreement made July 7, 1883, ratified by act of July 4, 1884 (XXIII, 79). Executive orders, May 1, 1886, Mar. 9, 1894; department orders of Apr. 11 and Apr. 20,1894, and Executive order of Jan. 19, 1895. 25,172.30 acres allotted to 40 Indians (see Executive order of May 21, 1886, and act of Mar, 8, 1906, XXXIV, 55).


Reservation: Colville
Tribes: Coeur d’Aléne (Skitswish), Colville, Kalispel, Okinagan, Lake (Senijextee), Methow, Nespelim, Pend d’Oreille, Sanpoil, Spokan.
Acres: 1,300,000
Established by: Executive orders, Apr. 9 and July 2, 1872; agreement made July 7, 1882, ratified by act of July 4, 1884 (XXIII, 79); act of July 1, 1892 (xxvii, 62); acts of Feb. 20, 1896 (XXIX, 9), and July 1, 1898 (XXX, 593). 50,900.30 acres in the northern half were allotted to 648 Indians; the rest of the northern half, estimated at 1,449.268 acres, was ordered to be opened to settlement on Oct. 10, 1900, by a proclamation of the President dated Apr. 10, 1900 (XXXI, 1963); the residue, estimated at 1,300.000 acres, is unallotted. Act of Feb. 7, 1903 (XXIII, 803).


Reservation: Hoh River
Tribes: Hoh
Acres: 640
Established by: Executive order, Sept. 11, 1893.


Reservation: Lummi
Tribes: Dwamish, Etakmur (Etakmehu), Lummi, Snohomish, Sukwamish (Suquamish), Swiwamish (Samamish).
Acres: 598
Established byTreaty of Pt Elliot, Jan. 22, 1855 (XII, 927); Executive order, Nov. 22,1873. Allotted 11,634 acres to 85 Indians; reserved for Government school 80 acres; unallotted and unreserved 598 acres.


Reservation: Makah
Tribes: Makah, Quileute
Acres: 23,040
Established by: Treaty of Neah Bay, Jan. 31, 1855 (XII, 939); Executive orders, Oct. 26, 1872, Jam. 2 and Oct. 21, 1873. Lands now in process of allotment, except timber lands.


Reservation: Muckleshoot
Tribes: Muckleshoot (Niskap, Skopamish, Smulkamish, etc.)
Acres: 169
Established by: Executive orders, Jan. 20, 1857, and Apr. 9, 1874. 39 Indians have been allotted 3,191.97 acres.


Reservation: Nisqualli
Tribes: Muckleshoot, Nisqualli, Puyallup, Skwawksnamish (Squaxon), Stailakoom (Steilacoomamish), and five others.
Acres:
Established byTreaty of Medicine Creek, Dec. 26, 1854 (x,1132); Executive order, Jan. 20,1857. The land was all allotted, 4,718 acres, to 30 Indians.


Reservation: Osette
Tribes: Osette (part of the Makah)
Acres: 640
Established by: Executive order, Apr. 12, 1893.


Reservation: Port Madison
Tribes: Dwamish, Etakmur (Etakmehu), Lummi, Snohomish, Sukwamish (Suquamish), Swiwamish (Samamish).
Acres: 1,375
Established byTreaty of Pt Elliot, Jan. 22, 1855 (xii, 927); order of the Secretary of the Interior, Oct. 21, 1864. 5,909.48 acres were allotted to 39 Indians, and the residue of 1,375 acres was not allotted.


Reservation: Puyallup
Tribes: Muckleshoot, Nisqualli, Puyallup, Skwawksnamish (Squaxon), Stailakoom (Steilacoomamish), and five others.
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Medicine Creek, Dec. 26, 1854 (x, 1132); Executive orders, Jan. 20, 18.57, and Sept. 6, 1873. 17,463 acres were allotted to 169 Indians. Agreement made Nov. 21, 1876, ratified by act of Feb. 20, 1893 (xxvii, 464). (For text see Ind. All. Rep., 1893, p. 518.) The residue, 599 acres, laid out as an addition to the city of Tacoma, has been sold, with the exception of 39.79 acres reserved for school, and 19.43 acres for church and cemetery purposes, under acts of Mar. 3, 1893 (xxvii, 612), June 7, 1897 (xxx, 62), and June 21, 1906 (xxxiv, 377).


Reservation: Quileute
Tribes: Quileute
Acres: 837
Established by: Executive order. Feb. 19, 1889.


Reservation: Quinaielt
Tribes: Quaitso, Quinaielt
Acres: 214,262
Established by: Treaties of Olympia, July 1, 1855. and Jan. 25, 1856 (xII, 971): Executive order, Nov. 4, 1873. Under acts of Feb. 8, 1887 (xxiv, 388), and Feb. 28, 1891 (xxvii, 794), 121 Indians have been allotted 9,737.94 acres, leaving unallotted 214,262.06 acres, now in process of allotment.


Reservation: Shoalwater
Tribes: Shoalwater (Lower Chehalis), Chehalis
Acres: 335
Established by: Executive order, Sept. 22. 1866.


Reservation: Skokomish
Tribes: Clallam, Skokomish, Twana
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Pt No Point, Jan. 26, 1855 (xII, 933): Executive order. Feb. 25.1874. Allotted in treaty reserve, 4,990 acres: residue, none. Allotted in Executive order, addition, known as the Fisher addition, 814 acres; residue, none. 62 allotments.


Reservation: Shohomish or Tulalip
Tribes: Dwamish, Etakmur (Etakmehu), Lummi, Snohomish, Sukwamish (Suquamish), Swiwamish (Samamish).
Acres: 8,930
Established byTreaty of Pt Elliot, Jan. 22, 1855 (xii, 927); Executive order, Dec. 23, 1873. 13,560 acres were allotted to 94 Indians, leaving the residue of 8,930 acres unallotted.


Reservation: Spokan
Tribes: Spokan
Acres: 153,600
Established by: Executive order, Jan. 18, 1881. Agreement made Mar. 18, 1887, ratified by Indian appropriation act approved July 13, 1892 (xxvii, 139). Joint resolution of Congress of June 19, 1902 (xxxii, 744). Lands now in process of allotment.


Reservation: Squaxon Island (Klahchemin)
Tribes: Nisqualli, Puyallup, Skwawksnamish (Squaxon), Stailakoom (Steilacoomamish), and five others.
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Medicine Creek, Dec. 26, 1854 (x, 1132). The land was all allotted, 1,494.15 acres, to 23 Indians.


Reservation: Swinomish (Perrys Island)
Tribes: Dwamish, Etakmur (Etakmehu), Lummi, Snohomish, Sukwamish (Suquamish), Swiwamish (Samamish).
Acres:
Established by: Treaty of Pt Elliot, Jan. 22, 1855 (xii, 927); Executive order, Sept. 9,1873. 7,172 acres were allotted to 71 Indians; reserved for school 89.80; unallotted 0.35 acre


Reservation: Yakima
Tribes: Klikitat, Paloos, Topnish, Wasco, Yakima
Acres: 837,753
Established by: Treaty of Walla Walla, June 9, 1855 (XII, 951). Agreement made Jan. 13, 1885, ratified by Indian appropriation act approved Mar. 3, 1893 (xxvii, 631). Executive order, Nov. 28, 1892; agreement, Jan. 8, 1894, ratified by act of Congress approved Aug. 15, 1894 (xxvii, 320). 255,056.03 acres were allotted to 2.823 Indians, and 1,020.24 acres reserved for agency, church, and school purposes: the residue of 543,916.13 acres is held in common. Act of Dec. 21, 1904 (xxxiiI, 595), recognizing claim of Indians to 293,837 acres additional land subject to the right of bona fide settlers or purchasers, acquired prior to Afar. 5, 1904.

 



MLA Source Citation:

Hodge, Frederick Webb, Compiler. The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology, Government Printing Office. 1906. AccessGenealogy.com. Web. 24 October 2014. http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/washington-indian-reservations.htm - Last updated on Aug 27th, 2013


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